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36 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Starvation Ketosis, Sudden Death

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    […] diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prolongation of QT interval, a risk factor for arrhythmia and sudden death, has been reported to be prevalent among patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and is also observed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    Be sure to watch for signs of dehydration if vomiting develops.[healthlinkbc.ca] If not treated, preeclampsia can lead to seizures, coma, and even death of the mother or baby.[pregnancy.lovetoknow.com] ketosis with ketonuria, elevated specific gravity and BUN, and a hypochloremic hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. 1,3,15 It is recommended to replete with thiamine if significant[emdocs.net]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Hyperventilation (P less than .01), dehydration (P less than .001), and severe central nervous system manifestations (P less than .001) occurred more frequently in the chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] cause seizures, cerebral oedema and death.[derangedphysiology.com] Ketoacidosis may also occur in children who are ill and fasted (ie starvation ketosis).[anaesthesiamcq.com]

  • Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

    Dehydration All patients with severe AKA are dehydrated.[emedicine.com] , proposing the term ketoalcoholic death. 8 Thomsen subsequently reported ketoalcoholic deaths in 7% of sudden deaths in alcoholic patients in a prospective series. 9 Similarly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Just before admission, an increase in alcohol consumption was followed by anorexia, vomiting, dehydration, and hyperpnea.[doi.org]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A sudden drop in pH can cause significant damage to organ systems and even death.[study.com] It is possible that starvation ketosis contributed to the development of the high anion gap metabolic acidosis in our patient.[nature.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    The female infant, born to consanguineous parents (first cousins), weighing 2,300 grams at birth, presented with extreme dehydration and pale skin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] due to hyperglycemic diuresis with failure to drink enough fluids to compensate, often in an elderly person with diabetes and stroke / infection "Dead in bed syndrome": sudden[pathologyoutlines.com] In addition, although alcoholic ketoacidosis can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not 4 ).[web.archive.org]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Acute alcoholism is temporary and results in depression of the higher nerve cells, resulting in lack of coordination, impaired motor control, stupor, dehydration and nausea[epainassist.com] death of traumatic or neurological origin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ethanol also causes structural abnormalities in the liver mitochondria which leads to ketosis superimposed by starvation, chronic malnutrition [ 13, 14 ].[pubs.sciepub.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[aic.cuhk.edu.hk] Occasionally, sudden death during sleep may occur in otherwise healthy young patients with type 1 diabetes (dead-in-bed syndrome).[healthhype.com] Therefore, a patient with starvation ketosis rarely presents with a serum bicarbonate concentration less than 18 mEq/L.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Acidosis

    A failure of this reflex can be fatal, for example as a contributory factor in sudden infant death syndrome. [3] Hypercapnia is the opposite of hypocapnia, the state of having[en.wikipedia.org] Treatment You can relieve dehydration-related acidosis by treating the underlying cause of dehydration, Medline Plus reports.[livestrong.com] , alcohol and DKA) Download PDF of GOLDMARK mnemonic Osmolar Gap common differential diagnosis Ketoacids (DKA, AKA, starvation ketosis) Alcohols Sepsis Ischemia Sodium bicarbonate[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Anorexia

    Crohn's disease Dehydration Dementia Depression Drug addiction Ebola Fever Foodborne illness Hypervitaminosis D Hypothyroidism can cause weight gain despite loss of appetite[en.wikipedia.org] In many cases of sudden death, autopsies do not clarify the main cause. Cardiovascular complications are usually involved in these deaths.[doi.org] ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[emedicine.medscape.com]

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