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935 Possible Causes for Delayed Growth and Development, Nystagmus

  • Homocystinuria

    Common effects in untreated children include: poor growth problems gaining weight delays in crawling, walking, and talking behavior and emotional problems serious learning[] Other findings included peripheral retinopathy (8/12 [67%]), nystagmus (8/12 [67%]), strabismus (5/12 [42%]), and optic atrophy (6/12 [50%]).[] Case 2 involves an 8-year-old girl with nystagmus and developmental delay in whom megaloblastic anaemia was detected at 11 weeks of age.[]

  • Noonan Syndrome

    Bone development is also delayed by 2 years.[] Frequently there are differences in the eyes, including strabismus (cross-eyedness), nystagmus (eye tremors) and very bright blue-green iris.[] Amblyopia has been found in one-third of patients and almost 10% have nystagmus.[]

  • Spondylometaphyseal Dysplasia

    […] of arms and legs Hand and foot anomalies Vision and hearing impairments Skin abnormalities Delayed or accelerated development and growth Intellectual and/or cognitive disabilities[] Both twins had a fine nystagmus that was present by 10 months of age.[] X-linked * Short stature * Breathing problems * Coarse facial appearance * Wide-set eyes * Flat nose bridge * Wide nose bridge * Antevereted nostrils * Strabismus * Searching nystagmus[]

  • Adenosine Deaminase Deficiency

    The earliest symptoms of ADA deficiency include pneumonia, chronic diarrhea, widespread skin rashes, slowed growth, and/or developmental delay .[] Three cases with significant neurologic abnormalities, including hypotonia, head lag, nystagmus, difficulty in focusing gaze, seizure disorder, and moderate-severe developmental[] Another report of three cases of ADA SCID with significant neurologic abnormalities, including head lag, hypotonia, and difficulty in focusing gaze, nystagmus, seizure disorder[]

  • Phenytoin

    Babies with this syndrome may be born with some of the following health problems: Growth problems Delay in development Cleft palate Certain facial features Heart defects Genitourinary[] Abstract In high-dose intake of phenytoin, which is used frequently to treat epilepsy, nystagmus, diplopia, nausea-vomiting, lethargy, confusion, seizure, and coma can be[] Babies with this syndrome may be born with some of the following health problems: Growth deficiency Developmental delay Cleft palate Certain facial characteristics Heart defects[]

  • Oculomotor Apraxia

    Failure to thrive, marked psychomotor retardation, delayed development, growth retardation, and ataxia become evident later in those who survive.[] The reading scan was disturbed by saccadic intrusions and/or nystagmus.[] Gaze-Evoked Nystagmus Definition Gaze-evoked nystagmus is the result of a gaze-holding deficit.[]

  • Hartnup Disease

    Mental retardation and delayed motor development, as well as growth retardation, have been seen in rare cases.[] Ocular manifestations may occur (double vision, nystagmus, photophobia, and strabismus). Intellectual deficit and short stature have been described in a few patients.[] Intention tremor, nystagmus, diplopia, persistent headache, and psychiatric symptoms may be present ( 8 ).[]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 2

    Skeletal irregularities, vision problems, heart problems, diarrhea, joint stiffness, stunted growth and delayed development may be present.[] […] first is Bow Hunter Syndrome, a problem when a person rotates their head and causes circulation ischemia in the dominant vertebral artery that produces attacks of vertigo , nystagmus[] Symptoms may not present at birth, but frequently appear in early childhood and may include delayed development, enlarged internal organs, heart conditions, stunted growth[]

  • Ataxia Telangiectasia

    development Growth failure Mask-like face Multiple skin coloring and texture changes Possible tests include: Alpha fetoprotein B and T cell screen Carcinoembryonic antigen[] Abnormal ocular movements were seen in 13/15 (saccadic intrusion in 8 and nystagmus in 5).[] delay Learning difficulties in one-third of patients.[]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 6

    Glycogen Storage Disease Ia [G6PC]: Biochemical abnormalities such as very low glucose level leading to delayed growth/development presenting in infancy.[] In type VIII, the enzyme deficiency is unknown, but the liver and brain are affected, with hepatomegaly, truncal ataxia, and nystagmus; the neurologic deterioration progresses[] If left untreated, affected individuals may have delayed attainment of motor developmental milestones, and skeletal abnormalities exemplified by continued growth retardation[]

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