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2,000 Possible Causes for Delirium

  • Heart Failure

    650 Adjustment disorders 49,073 3,980 8.1 651 Anxiety disorders 45,102 5,519 12.2 652 Attention-deficit, conduct, and disruptive behavior disorders 18,218 1,692 9.3 653 Delirium[hcup-us.ahrq.gov] […] particularly in those with cerebrovascular atherosclerosis: Confusion Memory impairment Anxiety Headaches Insomnia Bad dreams or nightmares Rarely, psychosis with disorientation, delirium[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Delirium

    The prevalence of post-surgical delirium is also high with as high as 40% of patients developing delirium after orthopaedic surgery.[symptoma.com] delirium.[aafp.org] […] of delirium.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Brain Concussion

    Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2018 Feb;28(1):15-29. doi: 10.1016/j.nic.2017.09.006. Epub 2017 Oct 27. Author information 1 Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging Department, El Bosque University, Hospital Universitario Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogota, Calle 119 # 7 - 75, Bogota DC 110111, Colombia. Electronic address:[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dementia

    BACKGROUND: Delirium research is poorly studied in postacute care, a growing setting due to aging populations, as well as in dementia, a critical risk factor for delirium[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ICU delirium, with a prevalence estimated at 31.8%, is associated with increased ICU length of stay, longer mechanical ventilation duration, and increased mortality. [1] Delirium[emedicine.medscape.com] delirium.[aafp.org]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal

    Alcohol withdrawal delirium is associated with significant morbidity and mortality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alcohol withdrawal syndrome progressed to delirium tremens in 11%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The global standard for treating alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) symptoms are benzodiazepines; however this therapy is often inadequate to control symptoms of delirium in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Psychosis

    Chronic hypothyroidism can lead to an insidious onset of psychiatric symptoms in patients, such as dementia, delirium, psychosis, hallucinations, and coma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms of delirium tremens include: Agitation/excitement Irritability Confusion/disorientation Delirium Sudden mood changes Fatigue or stupor Restlessness Body tremors Changes[americanaddictioncenters.org] ‘And the number hospitalised with alcohol psychoses - delirium, shaking, or memory loss - has risen by more than a third since 1997-98.’[en.oxforddictionaries.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    […] coordination, dizziness trouble with language skills (reading, writing, speaking, understanding) nausea, vomiting apathy, sleepiness, lethargy, loss of consciousness confusion, delirium[healthline.com] Nausea, vomiting, delirium, and focal or generalized seizures are also common. Neurologic deficits are usually sudden and progressive.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Benzodiazepine Withdrawal

    The posterior possibilities calculated by the BARDI for the three cases of delirium were 0.98, 0.95, and 0.75, indicating a high probability that the delirium was caused by[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] High-dose benzodiazepine therapy and a history of viral encephalitis may be risk factors for withdrawal delirium.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Delirium: optimizing management. BMJ 2001;322:144-9.[bmj.com]

  • Meningitis

    Symptoms Symptoms include an intense headache, fever, nausea and stiff neck, sometimes accompanied by a rash; delirium and coma can occur in severe cases.[dhhs.nh.gov] […] meningitis ‎ (1 K) A Amoebic meningo-encephalitis ‎ (1 D) B Bacterial meningitis ‎ (6 K, 15 D) C Charlotte Cleverley-Bisman ‎ (3 D) D Deaths from meningitis ‎ (2 K, 1 D) Delirium[commons.wikimedia.org] More than 85% of the patients with bacterial meningitis present with fever, headache, meningismus, and signs of cerebral dysfunction (ie, confusion, delirium, or a declining[archinte.ama-assn.org]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    […] multiple) headache 15 somnolence 4 coma 1 seizure 2 mydriasis 1 hemiparesis 3 ataxia 2 apraxia 2 perseveration 1 paresthesia 1 cranial nerve deficit 2 cognitive decline 1 delirium[doi.org]

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