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257 Possible Causes for Dementia, Echolalia

  • Frontal Lobe Neoplasm

    Pharmacological The therapies used in Alzheimer's dementia are not of use.[patient.info] When severe, this may be misdiagnosed as dementia. A worker is sitting in a delivery bay.[livestrong.com] Location - Parafalcine (arising the meningeal layer between the hemispheres of the brain) Common Symptoms - Seizures, lower extremity weakness, headache, personality changes, dementia[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Catatonia

    The behavior can range from echolalia, automatism, or agitation.[symptoma.com] Information on efficacy and safety of electroconvulsive therapy in patients with dementia is sparse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He improved rapidly on levetiracetam and lorazepam, was discharged and received a diagnosis of dementia by his community mental health team shortly afterwards, based on chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ganser Syndrome

    Symptomns include a clouding of consciousness, somatic conversion symptoms, confusion, stress, loss of personal identity, echolalia, and echopraxia.[sharecare.com] Is the hysterical pseudo-dementia described by Wernicke (1906) identical with or distinct from the Ganser syndrome?[doi.org] Echolalia. Echopraxia. Confusion. Precipitating stress. Loss of personal identity. There is no typical finding on examination.[patient.info]

  • Catatonic Schizophrenia

    Echolalia and echopraxia also are seen in Tourette’s Syndrome. How Is It Diagnosed? The general criteria for a diagnosis of schizophrenia must be satisfied.[psychcentral.com] Exclusion criterion was a history of dementia or substance abuse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the fifth edition of his textbook in 1896, Kraepelin described catatonia as one of the “metabolic disorders leading to dementia,” alongside dementia praecox and dementia[doi.org]

  • Pick Disease of The Brain

    […] mutism) Decreased capacity for reading and writing Difficulty retrieving words Trouble with speaking or understanding language (aphasia) Repeating anything spoken to them (echolalia[dementia.org] […] group of neurodegenerative diseases with symptoms involving frontal and temporal lobe dysfunctions; Pick’s disease is more recently referred to as a form of frontotemporal dementia[startstemcells.com] Cannot speak (mutism) Decreased ability to read or write Difficulty finding a word Difficulty speaking or understanding speech (aphasia) Repeating anything spoken to them (echolalia[medlineplus.gov]

  • Malignant Catatonia

    , excessive motor activity (that is apparently purposeless and not influenced by external stimuli), extreme negativism or mutism, peculiarities of voluntary movement, or echolalia[books.google.com] Dementia Praecox and Paraphrenia. RM, Barclay, trans. Edinburgh : E.&S. Livingstone ; 1919 : 132. 4. Blueler, E. Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias.[cambridge.org] She exhibits muscular rigidity, posturing, echolalia, and echopraxia.[link.springer.com]

  • Schizophrenia

    […] movement as evidenced by posturing (voluntary assumption of inappropriate or bizarre postures) (5) stereotyped movements, prominent mannerisms, or prominent grimacing (6) echolalia[dnalc.org] Bleuler E: Die Prognose der Dementia praecox (Schizophreniegruppe).[doi.org] Apathy and confusion; delusions and hallucinations; rambling or stylized patterns of speech, such as evasiveness, incoherence, and echolalia; withdrawn, regressive, and bizarre[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Vascular Dementia

    Perseverative and stereotyped behavior Utilization behavior Speech and language Altered speech output Aspontaneity and economy of speech Pressure of speech Stereotypy of speech Echolalia[indianjpsychiatry.org] Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common cause of dementia and its prevalence increases after the sixth decade of life.[symptoma.com] dementia.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Dementia

    While in hospital, he had approximately 15 episodes of catatonia, involving rigidity, negativism, mutism except echolalia and perseveration, automatic obedience and utilisation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] as a public health priority; increasing awareness of dementia and establishing dementia-friendly initiatives; reducing the risk of dementia; diagnosis, treatment and care[who.int] In contrast, simpler verbal stereotypes/perseveration or stimulus bound behavior, such as echolalia, seem to be equally common across the three groups ( Nyatsanza et al.,[doi.org]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    […] confirmatory manifestations include poor or absent response to levodopa, axial dystonia with cervical hyperextension, dysarthria and dysphagia, apraxias of eyelid opening, echolalia[web.archive.org] However, the subcortical dementias can be clearly distinguished clinically from cortical dementias, other than frontal dementias.[doi.org] Dysarthria is the most common, but dysprosody, aphonia, stuttering, palilalia, and echolalia, as well as abnormal loquacity have also been described. 52, 53 To date, there[dovepress.com]

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