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30 Possible Causes for Dementia, Echolalia, Echopraxia

  • Frontal Lobe Neoplasm

    Typically, a patient with FLS will copy you (echopraxia).[patient.info] When severe, this may be misdiagnosed as dementia. A worker is sitting in a delivery bay.[livestrong.com] Pharmacological The therapies used in Alzheimer's dementia are not of use.[patient.info]

  • Catatonia

    Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by motor disturbance (including waxy flexibility and catalepsy), stupor, excitement, negativism, mutism, echopraxia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The behavior can range from echolalia, automatism, or agitation.[symptoma.com] Information on efficacy and safety of electroconvulsive therapy in patients with dementia is sparse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Catatonic Schizophrenia

    Echolalia and echopraxia also are seen in Tourette’s Syndrome. How Is It Diagnosed? The general criteria for a diagnosis of schizophrenia must be satisfied.[psychcentral.com] Exclusion criterion was a history of dementia or substance abuse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the fifth edition of his textbook in 1896, Kraepelin described catatonia as one of the “metabolic disorders leading to dementia,” alongside dementia praecox and dementia[doi.org]

  • Tourette Syndrome

    Echopraxia (repeating other’s actions) Echopraxia is similar to echolalia, but instead of repeating words, sufferers will repeat the physical actions of others.[counselling-directory.org.uk] It was a description of the Marquise de Dampierre, a noblewoman whose symptoms included involuntary tics of many parts of her body and various vocalizations including echolalia[web.archive.org] Here is the essence of these changes: Personality Change Due to General Medical Condition is now allowed in a patient who has dementia, such as Alzheimer’s dementia.[web.archive.org]

  • Ganser Syndrome

    Symptomns include a clouding of consciousness, somatic conversion symptoms, confusion, stress, loss of personal identity, echolalia, and echopraxia.[sharecare.com] Is the hysterical pseudo-dementia described by Wernicke (1906) identical with or distinct from the Ganser syndrome?[doi.org] Echopraxia. Confusion. Precipitating stress. Loss of personal identity. There is no typical finding on examination.[patient.info]

  • Marchiafava Bignami Disease

    More in women, c/b automatic obedience, echolalia & echopraxia. Windigo (Wihtigo) Prevalent in native American Indians.[rxpgonline.com] The Cerebral Metabolic Rate of Glucose (CMRGlu) was measured with positron emission tomography and 18F-FDG in a patient with Marchiafava-Bignami Disease (MBD)-related dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Our report would indicate that CMH is an important factor indicating the severity of dementia in patients with MBD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Catatonia

    […] motor activity (that is apparently purposeless and not influenced by external stimuli), extreme negativism or mutism, peculiarities of voluntary movement, or echolalia or echopraxia[books.google.com] Dementia Praecox and Paraphrenia . RM , Barclay , trans. Edinburgh : E.&S. Livingstone ; 1919 : 132 . 4. Blueler , E . Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias .[cambridge.org] She exhibits muscular rigidity, posturing, echolalia, and echopraxia.[link.springer.com]

  • Tic Disorder

    They can appear purposeful and can include a sexual or obscene gesture (copropraxia) or a tic-like imitation of someone else’s movements (echopraxia).Complex vocal tics can[hopeandhealingcenter.org] DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS SYNDROME DIFFERENTIATING FEATURE COURSE MOVEMENT HALLERVORDENSPATZ A/W optic atrophy dementia,ataxia,lability, dysarthria Progresses to death in 15-[slideshare.net] Some common complex motor tics include Copropraxia, (making obscene and inappropriate gestures) and Echopraxia, (mimicking another person’s movement).[courses.lumenlearning.com]

  • Delusion

    […] apparently senseless repetition (echoing) of a word or phrase just spoken by another person. echolalia Parrot-like repetition of overheard words or fragments of speech. echopraxia[web.archive.org] dementia and Lewy body disease".[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Search terms used included delusion of pregnancy, uncommon presentation, behavioral and psychological symptoms, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, and frontotemporal dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Paramyoclonus Multiplex

    […] epileptiform discharge bilaterally symmetrical or even focal  Jumping/ Latah/ Myriachit – Initial violent startle in response to sudden unexpected sensory stimulation echolalia, echopraxia[slideshare.net] Organized into 18 chapters, this book first elucidates the problems, causes, pathology, brain neurotransmitter changes and receptors, depression, dementia, fluctuations of[books.google.com] […] occurs after trauma (Starr 2 ), mental and physical exertion or fevers (Raymond, 3 Bing, 4 Keschner, 5 Lafforgue 6 ), or as an accompaniment of lead poisoning (Leusche), dementia[jamanetwork.com]

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