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36 Possible Causes for Dementia, Echolalia, Palilalia, Rooting Reflex in Adults

  • Frontal Lobe Neoplasm

    Pharmacological The therapies used in Alzheimer's dementia are not of use.[patient.info] When severe, this may be misdiagnosed as dementia. A worker is sitting in a delivery bay.[livestrong.com] Management General principles General supportive care sharing some principles with dementia care - eg, understanding, and accepting help.[patient.info] Degenerative disorders - eg, Pick's disease, a type of dementia with histopathological findings of Pick's bodies and selective involvement of the frontal and temporal lobes[patient.info]

    Missing: Palilalia
  • Dementia

    While in hospital, he had approximately 15 episodes of catatonia, involving rigidity, negativism, mutism except echolalia and perseveration, automatic obedience and utilisation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] as a public health priority; increasing awareness of dementia and establishing dementia-friendly initiatives; reducing the risk of dementia; diagnosis, treatment and care[who.int] In contrast, simpler verbal stereotypes/perseveration or stimulus bound behavior, such as echolalia, seem to be equally common across the three groups ( Nyatsanza et al.,[doi.org] The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer disease (AD), but there are numerous other known causes. Most types of dementia are nonreversible.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Palilalia
  • Tourette Syndrome

    German male patients with treatment-resistant Tourette syndrome (TS), who suffer from incapacitating stuttering-like speech disfluencies caused by vocal blocking tics and palilalia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It was a description of the Marquise de Dampierre, a noblewoman whose symptoms included involuntary tics of many parts of her body and various vocalizations including echolalia[web.archive.org] Here is the essence of these changes: Personality Change Due to General Medical Condition is now allowed in a patient who has dementia, such as Alzheimer’s dementia.[web.archive.org] In addition, all patients presented with multiple tic-related symptoms (mainly self-injurious behaviors and echolalia, n 7; palilalia, n 6; coprolalia/mental coprolalia, n[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Rooting Reflex in Adults
  • Catatonia

    The lack of motor and speech abnormalities in delirium helps to differentiate it from catatonia.[jnnp.bmj.com] The behavior can range from echolalia, automatism, or agitation.[symptoma.com] Information on efficacy and safety of electroconvulsive therapy in patients with dementia is sparse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He improved rapidly on levetiracetam and lorazepam, was discharged and received a diagnosis of dementia by his community mental health team shortly afterwards, based on chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Rooting Reflex in Adults
  • Vascular Dementia

    Clinical presentation of VaD in cortical injury includes speech abnormalities and neglect while a subcortical injury is associated with cognitive, emotional and behavioral[symptoma.com] Perseverative and stereotyped behavior Utilization behavior Speech and language Altered speech output Aspontaneity and economy of speech Pressure of speech Stereotypy of speech Echolalia[indianjpsychiatry.org] dementia.[en.wikipedia.org] , which may lead to dementia.[web.archive.org]

    Missing: Rooting Reflex in Adults
  • Schizophrenia

    Abnormal thoughts are usually measured by disorganized speech.[faculty.washington.edu] “Or we could call it a combination of echolalia [repeated speech], which is treated with this, and lack of social motivation, which is treated with this … and so forth.”[scientificamerican.com] […] and compared them to controls: two studies demonstrated an increase in the prevalence of dementia and one did not.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, abnormal motor behaviour, or negative symptoms), including at least one month of delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized[teenmentalhealth.org]

    Missing: Rooting Reflex in Adults
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    […] manifestations include poor or absent response to levodopa, axial dystonia with cervical hyperextension, dysarthria and dysphagia, apraxias of eyelid opening, echolalia and palilalia[web.archive.org] However, the subcortical dementias can be clearly distinguished clinically from cortical dementias, other than frontal dementias.[doi.org] Echolalia was present. Diagnosis of frontal type dementia was made. A pseudo‐bulbar palsy developed with progressive dysarthria and dysphagia.[doi.org] The progression to dementia at the 3-year follow-up was assessed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Rooting Reflex in Adults
  • Semantic Dementia

    進行に伴い前頭葉ならびに尾状核の萎縮が顕著となった時期には,手回しや拍手,食物咀嚼などの単純な反復行動に推移し,滞続言語は単純化し無力性同音声palilaliaを伴った。神経学的にはパーキンソニズムと把握反射を認め,運動無視を伴った。[webview.isho.jp] There may be echolalia (repetition of sounds made by another person), perseveration (continued repetition of a particular response) or mutism.[patient.info] Based on these imaging methods, semantic dementia can be regionally dissociated from the other subtypes of frontotemporal lobar degeneration, frontotemporal dementia, and[en.wikipedia.org] Echolalia and perseveration may be present.[doi.org]

    Missing: Rooting Reflex in Adults
  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

    Dysarthria is the most commonly used word in the description of the progressive speech abnormality in JNCL.[dovepress.com] Early signs may be subtle personality and behavioral changes, slow learning or regression, repetitive speech or echolalia, clumsiness or stumbling.[en.wikipedia.org] Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) is a rare disease with onset typically during childhood; however, that developing during adulthood can lead to early-onset dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient later developed slowness, balance problems with repeated falling, inappropriate and compulsive behavior, incontinence, echolalia, dysarthria, and extrapyramidal[ng.neurology.org]

    Missing: Rooting Reflex in Adults
  • Tic Disorder

    […] gesture (copropraxia) or a tic-like imitation of someone else’s movements (echopraxia).Complex vocal tics can seem purposeful as well and include repeating one’s own sounds (palilalia[hopeandhealingcenter.org] DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS SYNDROME DIFFERENTIATING FEATURE COURSE MOVEMENT HALLERVORDENSPATZ A/W optic atrophy dementia,ataxia,lability, dysarthria Progresses to death in 15-[slideshare.net] Sniffing Picking Grunting, barking or chirping "Complex" tics can include: Arm flapping Facial grimacing Coprolalia (the involuntary uttering of obscene words or phrases) Palilalia[massgeneral.org] Some common complex vocal tics include Echolalia, (mocking a statement or phrase or noise that was heard most recently) and Coprolalia, (saying something that is vulgar or[courses.lumenlearning.com]

    Missing: Rooting Reflex in Adults

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