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5,090 Possible Causes for Dementia, Hyperammonemia, Involuntary Tongue Protrusion

  • Rett Syndrome

    […] movements of the upper limbs and tongue protrusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Rett syndrome, also called cerebroatrophic hyperammonemia, rare progressive neurological disorder characterized by severe intellectual disability, autism -like behaviour patterns[britannica.com] Rett syndrome Rett syndrome w dementia Rett syndrome w dementia w behavioral disturbance Rett's disorder Retts syndrome Retts syndrome with dementia Clinical Information[icd10data.com]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    Abstract Several combined pathogenetic factors such as hyperammonemia, different brain tryptophan metabolic disturbances and serotonin physiological/pharmacological alterations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The neurological disease complex associated with virus infection occurs in a large proportion of infected patients and is commonly referred to as HIV-1 associated dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The levels of amino acids in the blood during eCM indicate a profound disruption of the urea cycle, suggesting that metabolic encephalopathy (ME) with hyperammonemia is likely[grantome.com]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    Splenorenal shunts are a rare cause of hyperammonemia and hepatic encephalopathy in the absence of cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Another form is hepatocerebral degeneration, wherein patients present with dementia and extrapyramidal disorders.[medlink.com] Although the true mechanism of hyperammonemia in this case is unclear, we speculate that organic constipation following chronic obstruction of the colon might have played[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Delirium

    Hallucinogens, including PCP, psilocybin (hallucinogenic mushrooms), peyote, and LSD Drug withdrawal states Ethanol Benzodiazepines Drug side effects Valproic Acid: hyperammonemia[clinicaladvisor.com] Recent studies suggest that delirium is associated with risk of dementia and also acceleration of decline in existing dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Objective To assess the association between delirium in elderly patients and long-term poor outcome, defined as mortality, institutionalization, or dementia, while controlling[doi.org]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Stroke

    Neuroinflammation increases GABAergic tone and impairs cognitive and motor function in hyperammonemia by increasing GAT-3 membrane expression.[doi.org] Stroke is a strong, independent, and potentially modifiable risk factor for all-cause dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We increase understanding of the causes of cerebrovascular disease and improve the prevention of stroke and vascular dementia in routine clinical practice.[ndcn.ox.ac.uk]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Propionic Acidemia

    The patient's hyperammonemia was monitored for 1 week.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 31-year-old man with adult onset chorea and dementia had propionic acidemia due to propionyl CoA carboxylase deficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients may also present with acute neurological crisis characterized by dystonia, rigidity, choreoathetosis and dementia (due to infarction of basal ganglia).[orpha.net]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Lafora Disease

    […] diseases: Congenital disorder of glycosylation Ip, IIA, Iq; Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 7 (D); phenylketonuria; Cytochrome c oxidase D 1; Hyperornithinemia -hyperammonemia-homocitrullinemia[pentacorelab.hu] It is suggested that this type of presenile dementia may be a presenile form of Lafora disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ; the other with myoclonus, epilepsy, EEG abnormalities and LBs in muscle and in skin tissue, without dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Dementia

    Abstract An 84-year-old woman was hospitalized due to consciousness disorder as hyperammonemia. She had no etiology of liver disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] as a public health priority; increasing awareness of dementia and establishing dementia-friendly initiatives; reducing the risk of dementia; diagnosis, treatment and care[who.int] The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer disease (AD), but there are numerous other known causes. Most types of dementia are nonreversible.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    Most cases present with neonatal-onset hypotonia, lactic acidosis, hyperammonemia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria.[mendelian.co] The findings suggested that chronic abusers of approximately 60 years of age or less may have a normal EEG despite the presence of cerebral cortical atrophy or dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alzheimer's & Dementia, 4, 38 – 48. doi: 10.1016/j.jalz.2007.08.006. Hong, C. H. et al. ( 2013 ).[cambridge.org]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Alpers Syndrome

    Liver involvement progresses to end stage liver disease characterized by hypoalbuminemia, coagulopathy and hyperammonemia.[symptoma.com] G31.09 Other frontotemporal dementia G31.1 Senile degeneration of brain, not elsewhere classified G31.2 Degeneration of nervous system due to alcohol G31.8 Other specified[icd10data.com] Dementia is typically episodic, and unremitting seizures may contribute to developmental regression as well.[secure.ssa.gov]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion

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