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5,027 Possible Causes for Dementia, Involuntary Tongue Protrusion, Onset at Age 3-5 Years

  • Huntington Disease-Like 3

    However, clinical characteristics such as dystonia with prominent orofacial involvement with tongue protrusion, involuntary tongue- and lip-biting, head thrusts, and rubber[movementdisorders.org] Like Huntington's disease (HD), it is an adult onset, progressive, neurodegenerative autosomal dominant disorder clinically characterized by abnormal movements, dementia,[jhu.pure.elsevier.com] Advanced Dementia Dementia is an impairment in the capacity for higher intellectual functions such as learning, reasoning, planning, social perception and adaptation.[livestrong.com]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Mean age at onset (years) 70 9 73 11 74 8 77 8 76 7 83 8 77 5 76 6 76 6 Mean age of controls (years) 73 8 76 6 75 6 77 5 74 6 Autopsy Confirmation (one per family or cases[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to developing dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cognitive deficits 3–6 years before dementia onset in a population sample: the Honolulu-Asia aging study. J Am Geriatr Soc 2005 ; 53 : 452 –5. The Author 2006.[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Lafora Disease

    30) 3 5 Dysarthria Dysarthria Severely ataxic, confused, paranoid, incontinent, screaming outbursts, myoclonus, spastic-hyperreflexic (age 29) Patient Onset age (years) Onset[doi.org] It is suggested that this type of presenile dementia may be a presenile form of Lafora disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ; the other with myoclonus, epilepsy, EEG abnormalities and LBs in muscle and in skin tissue, without dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    […] insidious onset of symptoms after 40 years of age; 4. non-obstructive hydrocephalus (Evan’s index 0.3) with obliteration of the cerebral sulci; 5. normal CSF pressure at[scielo.br] DISCUSSION: In the present sample, persons with clinical and imaging signs of iNPH had excess mortality and an increased risk of dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Normal pressure hydrocephalus, a reversible cause of dementia, and frontotemporal dementia, an irreversible process, may present with or complicate psychiatric illness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    The male to female ratio is 2:1. [ 3 ] About 5-10% of cases are inherited. [ 5 ] The mean age of onset is 43-52 years in familial and 58-63 years in sporadic cases of ALS.[patient.info] These syndromes range from frontotemporal dementia to behavioral or cognitive syndromes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Autophagy; Autophagy-related genes; Disease-associated genes; Frontotemporal dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    4 per million cases per year, approximately 5% of the incidence of Parkinson disease. [24] Age-, sex-, and race-related demographics The mean age at onset is approximately[emedicine.medscape.com] However, the subcortical dementias can be clearly distinguished clinically from cortical dementias, other than frontal dementias.[doi.org] The progression to dementia at the 3-year follow-up was assessed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Late-onset Depression

    Symptoms Tardive dyskinesia causes repetitive, involuntary, and purposeless movements and tics often in the face such as: Worm-like tongue movements Lip smacking Chewing or[verywellmind.com] (AD) or a vascular dementia, as these are by far the most common causes of dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dementia types were as follows: 73% Alzheimer disease, 24% vascular and mixed dementia, and 3% Parkinson dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Onset at Age 3-5 Years
  • Fabry Disease

    […] after age 50 years. 5, 7 – 11 More recently, males and females aged 18–55 years who have acute cryptogenic strokes were found to have previously undiagnosed Fabry disease,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Multi-infarct dementia can ensue, although MRI T2 hyperintensities in the white matter of the frontal and parietal lobes can be seen in asymptomatic patients.[radiopaedia.org] The vascular dementia of Fabry's disease. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 1997;8:252-7. DOI PubMed 29. Liston EH, Levine MD, Philippart M.[nnjournal.net]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • MELAS Syndrome

    The reported age of onset varies between 3 and 40 years, with most patients presenting between the ages of 5 to 15 years.[ptcommunity.com] […] encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke like episodes) is a multisystem disorder characterized by short stature, vomiting, headache, cortical blindness, deafness and dementia[e-arm.org] We studied cerebral oxygen and glucose metabolism as well as cerebral blood flow using positron emission tomography (PET) in a case with MELAS showing dementia, diabetes mellitus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion
  • Rasmussen Syndrome

    The disease mainly affects children with an average age of onset of 6–7 years 5, 6.[doi.org] […] characterized by frequent and severe seizures, loss of motor skills and speech, hemiparesis (weakness on one side of the body), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and dementia[wikidata.org] Rasmussen's encephalitis is a progressive childhood disease of unknown cause characterized by severe epilepsy, hemiplegia, dementia, and inflammation of the brain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Involuntary Tongue Protrusion

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