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36 Possible Causes for Dementia, Involuntary Tongue Protrusion, Rapid Progression

  • Autosomal Recessive Lower Motor Neuron Disease with Childhood Onset

    Disease progression was rapid, and the majority of patients died from respiratory failure within 1–5 years after onset of disease.[] […] choreic movements, mild alteration in personality, grimacing, protrusion of the tongue and ataxia with choreoathetoid movements -Later stages include mental deterioration[] Access comprehensive discussions of Alzheimer and commonly occurring non-Alzheimer dementias (such as Lewy bodies disease and frontotemporal dementia) and traumatic brain[]

  • Rett Syndrome

    We herein report the surgical result of treating severe rapid progressive thoracic scoliosis in a 16-year-old girl with Rett syndrome.[] […] movements of the upper limbs and tongue protrusion.[] Rett syndrome Rett syndrome w dementia Rett syndrome w dementia w behavioral disturbance Rett's disorder Retts syndrome Retts syndrome with dementia Clinical Information[]

  • Huntington Disease-Like 2

    Mean survival time is 1 to 10 years, and rapid progression is suspicious of this cause.[] Abstract Huntington disease-like 2 (HDL2) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by adult-onset, progressive motor abnormalities, psychiatric disturbances, and dementia[] We report on a South African family that presented with progressive dementia and a movement disorder affecting numerous family members.[]

  • Huntington Disease-Like 3

    progression Trinucleotide cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) repeat expansion Length of repeat is inversely associated with, but is not an accurate predictor of, age of onset[] However, clinical characteristics such as dystonia with prominent orofacial involvement with tongue protrusion, involuntary tongue- and lip-biting, head thrusts, and rubber[] Like Huntington's disease (HD), it is an adult onset, progressive, neurodegenerative autosomal dominant disorder clinically characterized by abnormal movements, dementia,[]

  • Huntington Disease-Like 1

    Mean survival time is 1 to 10 years, and rapid progression is suspicious of this cause.[] […] aggressiveness, manias, anxiety and/or depression in conjunction with rapidly progressive cognitive decline (presenting with dysarthria, apraxia, aphasia, and eventually leading to dementia[] Gerstmann-Straussler disease (sequence analysis of PRNP gene) Insomnia, fatal familial (sequence analysis of PRNP gene) Hereditary chorea (WES based NGS panel for 14 genes) Frontotemporal dementia[]

  • Senile Chorea

    It has a more rapid progression, accompanied by mental disorders (depression, tendency to suicide, hallucinations), intellectual decline until dementia.[] It usually affects orofacial and lingual musculature (“buccolinguomasticatory syndrome”) with chewing; bruxism; protrusion, curling, or twisting of the tongue; lip smacking[] Senile chorea (SC) is characterized by the presence of late onset, generalized chorea with no family history and no dementia.[]

  • Extrapyramidal Disorder

    Progressive supranuclear palsy. 7 Myoclonus?[] Involuntary jaw opening. Lateral movements of the jaw. Protrusion of the tongue. Present during the day. Disappears during deep sleep.[] Assessment of associated features provided no evidence that cerebral vascular disease might be the cause of the combination of dementia with extrapyramidal features.[]

  • Autosomal Recessive Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 17

    Mean survival time is 1 to 10 years, and rapid progression is suspicious of this cause.[] It is characterized by a variable clinical picture which can include dementia, psychiatric disorders, parkinsonism, dystonia, chorea, spasticity, and epilepsy.[] Dementia HRQL Instruments Not Optimized Although a number of HRQL instruments for dementia are available, their use to date may not be optimized, researchers have concluded[]

  • McLeod Neuroacanthocytosis Syndrome

    progression) or atypical disease (later onset with slow progression).[] These symptoms may be referred to as orofacial and lingual dyskinesia and include protrusion of the tongue, grimacing, and abnormal jaw movements.[] . • A variety of other neurologic symptoms may accompany neuroacanthocytosis, including seizures, motor neuron disease, and dementia.[]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 6

    However several new clinical features were found in some patients: dramatic anticipation, rapid disease progression, severe ataxia associated with action tremor or action[] They consisted of jaw-opening dystonia with almost rhythmic tongue protrusion, consistent with the dystonic tremor of the tongue (see Video 2, part IIIb).[] During this period, eye movement becomes slower down and some patient also has dementia in the latter stage of life.[]

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