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2,360 Possible Causes for Dementia, Muscle Spasm

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    ALS is also often associated with spasticity, muscle spasms, and exaggeration of the reflexes.[aanem.org] These syndromes range from frontotemporal dementia to behavioral or cognitive syndromes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Autophagy; Autophagy-related genes; Disease-associated genes; Frontotemporal dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    He obtained immediate benefit from a small dose of the drug, reporting decreased pain from muscle spasm, cessation of nocturia, and an improvement in how he felt generally[medicalcannabis.it] […] instrumental activities of daily living (TIADLs) have been useful to bridge between cognitive testing and real-world functioning in disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and other dementias[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] With the increasing awareness of cognition dysfunction in MS, molecules such as apolipoprotein and proteins in the amyloid precursor protein pathway implicated in dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking.[uniprot.org] We hereby present the case of a 30-year-old female patient with complex autosomal recessive HSP with thinning of the corpus callosum (TCC) and dementia that was compound heterozygous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hereditary (familial) spastic paraparesis is a group of rare hereditary disorders that cause gradual weakness with muscle spasms (spastic weakness) in the legs.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 1

    Muscles twitch (called fasciculations). Muscle tone typically increases, and muscles tend to become stiff and tight, leading to muscle spasms (called spasticity).[msdmanuals.com] ALS-related dementia is most likely to occur when there’s a family history of dementia. ALS is usually diagnosed by a neurologist. There’s no specific test for ALS.[healthline.com] Baclofen may reduce muscle spasms in some patients. Patients troubled by leg cramps may benefit from quinine compounds.[rarediseases.org]

  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

    […] to coordinate movement, and/or muscle spasms especially of the neck, spine, arms, and legs, abdominal distention, difficulty speaking, loss of previously acquired intellectual[thinkgenetic.com] A case of early-onset adult dementia with family history of dementia is reported, characterised by neuropsychological deficits, suggesting frontal involvement, with mild non[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Drugs can be given to relieve muscle spasms, treat infections and try to control seizures (should they occur).[gosh.nhs.uk]

  • Musculoskeletal Lower Back Pain

    Muscle spasms occur when the back muscles involuntarily contract.[pennmedicine.org] […] function/disability Z28 Limited function/disability L71 Malignant neoplasm musculoskeletal P29 Psychological sympt/compl other Z29 Social prob NOS L72 Fracture: radius/ulna P70 Dementia[academic.oup.com] Back pain, back stiffness and back muscle spasms are typical symptoms. Treatment depends upon the cause of the pain.[ada.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Pain “Pins and needles” Numbness Muscle weakness, cramps, or aches Muscle spasms / contractions Tingling Constipation Diarrhea Incontinence (leaking urine) or difficulty with[foundationforpn.org] The concept of "structural plasticity" has emerged as a potential mechanism in neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases such as drug abuse, depression, and dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] NUTRITIONAL – of course, can lead to Thiamine deficiency -- Wernicke/Korsakoff -- Dry and Wet Beriberi, Niacin deficiency -- Pellagra (diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis), Folate[errolozdalga.com]

  • MELAS Syndrome

    Less commonly, people with MELAS may experience involuntary muscle spasms (myoclonus), impaired muscle coordination (ataxia), hearing loss, heart and kidney problems, diabetes[en.wikipedia.org] […] encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke like episodes) is a multisystem disorder characterized by short stature, vomiting, headache, cortical blindness, deafness and dementia[e-arm.org] We studied cerebral oxygen and glucose metabolism as well as cerebral blood flow using positron emission tomography (PET) in a case with MELAS showing dementia, diabetes mellitus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Paraparesis

    Treatment is designed to combat symptoms of pain and muscle spasms.[doctorshealthpress.com] 50 III:9 Dementia 49 III:12 Dementia, spastic gait 58 III:15 Dementia Forties III:18 Dementia, gait disturbance 50 60 Yes ϵ3/ϵ3 Yes III:21 Dementia 47 IV:23 Dementia 52 56[academic.oup.com] These include criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, dementia of Lewy-body type, frontal lobe dementias, chronic fatigue syndrome, and inflammatory neuropathies[books.google.com]

  • Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    Other symptoms may include: Muscle spasms in the hands or at the base of the brain.[rarediseases.about.com] We report the occurrence of progressive spastic paraplegia and frontal systems dementia in a patient with postmortem features of PLS combined with moderate Alzheimer-like[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case could be included with inclusion-associated disorders such as frontotemporal dementia or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with dementia, and furthermore, predominant[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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