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2,360 Possible Causes for Dementia, Muscle Spasm

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    ALS is also often associated with spasticity, muscle spasms, and exaggeration of the reflexes.[] These syndromes range from frontotemporal dementia to behavioral or cognitive syndromes.[] KEYWORDS: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Autophagy; Autophagy-related genes; Disease-associated genes; Frontotemporal dementia[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    He obtained immediate benefit from a small dose of the drug, reporting decreased pain from muscle spasm, cessation of nocturia, and an improvement in how he felt generally[] […] instrumental activities of daily living (TIADLs) have been useful to bridge between cognitive testing and real-world functioning in disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and other dementias[] With the increasing awareness of cognition dysfunction in MS, molecules such as apolipoprotein and proteins in the amyloid precursor protein pathway implicated in dementia[]

  • Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking.[] We hereby present the case of a 30-year-old female patient with complex autosomal recessive HSP with thinning of the corpus callosum (TCC) and dementia that was compound heterozygous[] Hereditary (familial) spastic paraparesis is a group of rare hereditary disorders that cause gradual weakness with muscle spasms (spastic weakness) in the legs.[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 1

    Muscles twitch (called fasciculations). Muscle tone typically increases, and muscles tend to become stiff and tight, leading to muscle spasms (called spasticity).[] ALS-related dementia is most likely to occur when there’s a family history of dementia. ALS is usually diagnosed by a neurologist. There’s no specific test for ALS.[] Baclofen may reduce muscle spasms in some patients. Patients troubled by leg cramps may benefit from quinine compounds.[]

  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

    […] to coordinate movement, and/or muscle spasms especially of the neck, spine, arms, and legs, abdominal distention, difficulty speaking, loss of previously acquired intellectual[] A case of early-onset adult dementia with family history of dementia is reported, characterised by neuropsychological deficits, suggesting frontal involvement, with mild non[] Drugs can be given to relieve muscle spasms, treat infections and try to control seizures (should they occur).[]

  • Musculoskeletal Lower Back Pain

    Muscle spasms occur when the back muscles involuntarily contract.[] […] function/disability Z28 Limited function/disability L71 Malignant neoplasm musculoskeletal P29 Psychological sympt/compl other Z29 Social prob NOS L72 Fracture: radius/ulna P70 Dementia[] Back pain, back stiffness and back muscle spasms are typical symptoms. Treatment depends upon the cause of the pain.[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Pain “Pins and needles” Numbness Muscle weakness, cramps, or aches Muscle spasms / contractions Tingling Constipation Diarrhea Incontinence (leaking urine) or difficulty with[] The concept of "structural plasticity" has emerged as a potential mechanism in neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases such as drug abuse, depression, and dementia.[] NUTRITIONAL – of course, can lead to Thiamine deficiency -- Wernicke/Korsakoff -- Dry and Wet Beriberi, Niacin deficiency -- Pellagra (diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis), Folate[]

  • MELAS Syndrome

    Less commonly, people with MELAS may experience involuntary muscle spasms (myoclonus), impaired muscle coordination (ataxia), hearing loss, heart and kidney problems, diabetes[] […] encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke like episodes) is a multisystem disorder characterized by short stature, vomiting, headache, cortical blindness, deafness and dementia[] We studied cerebral oxygen and glucose metabolism as well as cerebral blood flow using positron emission tomography (PET) in a case with MELAS showing dementia, diabetes mellitus[]

  • Paraparesis

    Treatment is designed to combat symptoms of pain and muscle spasms.[] 50 III:9 Dementia 49 III:12 Dementia, spastic gait 58 III:15 Dementia Forties III:18 Dementia, gait disturbance 50 60 Yes ϵ3/ϵ3 Yes III:21 Dementia 47 IV:23 Dementia 52 56[] These include criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, dementia of Lewy-body type, frontal lobe dementias, chronic fatigue syndrome, and inflammatory neuropathies[]

  • Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    Other symptoms may include: Muscle spasms in the hands or at the base of the brain.[] We report the occurrence of progressive spastic paraplegia and frontal systems dementia in a patient with postmortem features of PLS combined with moderate Alzheimer-like[] This case could be included with inclusion-associated disorders such as frontotemporal dementia or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with dementia, and furthermore, predominant[]

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