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236 Possible Causes for Dementia, Muscle Twitch, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[radiopaedia.org] They may experience involuntary muscle contractions (dystonia) of the head and neck, resulting in repetitive movements and contortions.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Serial assessments of a 29-year-old woman showed progressive dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com] twitching for 3 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These syndromes range from frontotemporal dementia to behavioral or cognitive syndromes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    No spasticity or hyperreflexia.[brainscape.com] Lower motor neuron disease causes weakness, loss of muscle ("atrophy") and muscle twitching ("fasciculations").[neurology.emory.edu] It has been proposed that PLS, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are related disorders that represent different phenotypes on the same[grantome.com]

  • Motor Neuron Disease

    Lower motor neuron (LMN) findings include muscle atrophy and fasciculations, and upper motor neuron (UMN) findings include hyperreflexia, spasticity, muscle spasm, and abnormal[en.wikipedia.org] A 69-year-old man with long-standing depression and failing memory presented with muscle twitches of 8 months' duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Frontotemporal dementia-motor neuron disease is now recognised as an important dementia syndrome, which presents substantial challenges for diagnosis and management.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spastic Paraparesis-Deafness Syndrome

    , hyperreflexia, urinary bladder disturbance (hypertonic bladder) and extensor plantar responses with weakness of a pyramidal distribution in the lower limbs.[ruralneuropractice.com] Apraxia (Medical Encyclopedia) Hand or foot spasms (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle atrophy (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle function loss (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle twitching[icdlist.com] These include criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, dementia of Lewy-body type, frontal lobe dementias, chronic fatigue syndrome, and inflammatory neuropathies[books.google.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 1

    hyperreflexia ( ) Hoffman's ( ) Babinski's spastic dysarthria lower motor neuron (LMN) signs muscular atrophy weakness clinical fasciculations clumsiness Evaluation Diagnosis[orthobullets.com] Muscles twitch (called fasciculations) and waste away.[msdmanuals.com] ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with dementia Charcot disease dementia with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Lou Gehrig disease motor neuron disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 4

    hyperreflexia ( ) Hoffman's ( ) Babinski's spastic dysarthria lower motor neuron (LMN) signs muscular atrophy weakness clinical fasciculations clumsiness Evaluation Diagnosis[orthobullets.com] . [1] [2] There are various types of ALS that are distinguished by symptoms and, in some cases, genetic cause. [2] Early symptoms may include muscle twitching, cramping, stiffness[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] These include criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, dementia of Lewy-body type, frontal lobe dementias, chronic fatigue syndrome, and inflammatory neuropathies[books.google.de]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Clinical features of sCJD include myoclonic jerks, memory deficits, cerebellar signs (ataxia, nystagmus, tremors), pyramidal/corticospinal tract dysfunctions (spasticity,[doi.org] Startling may trigger muscle twitching. The muscles that control breathing and coughing are usually impaired, increasing the risk of pneumonia.[web.archive.org] Abstract Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare prion disease that leads to a rapidly progressive dementia (RPD) and associated neurological features.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Shy Drager Syndrome

    , hyperreflexia, and Babinski sign), cognitive impairment, visual hallucinations, and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD).[doi.org] […] all parts of the body loud snoring, abnormal breathing or inspiratory stridor during sleep other sleep disorders including sleep apnea, REM behavior disorderdouble vision muscle[en.wikipedia.org] Nakashima, Assessment of dementia in patients with multiple system atrophy, European Journal of Neurology, 16, 5, (589-594), (2009).[doi.org]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 9

    Additional symptoms typical of ALS, such as fasciculations, spasticity, and hyperreflexia, have also been described in ALS9 patients.[symptoma.com] Unable to function, the muscles gradually weaken, start to twitch (called fasciculations), and waste away (atrophy).[ninds.nih.gov] Familial ALS may be associated with frontotemporal dementia or parkinsonism, as has been reported in isolated cases of ALS9.[symptoma.com]

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