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38 Possible Causes for Dementia, Paroxysmal Activity - Sharp-Waves

  • Vascular Dementia

    dementia.[en.wikipedia.org] , which may lead to dementia.[web.archive.org] Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common cause of dementia and its prevalence increases after the sixth decade of life.[symptoma.com]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Rapidly progressive dementias (RPDs) are dementias that progress quickly, typically over the course of weeks to months, but sometimes up to two to three years.[memory.ucsf.edu] We report a case of rapidly evolving neurological disease in a patient with neuropathological lesions of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Lewy body dementia (LBD), chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare prion disease that leads to a rapidly progressive dementia (RPD) and associated neurological features.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lafora Disease

    The EEG record showed background theta activity as well as slow and sharp waves with a paroxysmal tendency.[jnnp.bmj.com] It is suggested that this type of presenile dementia may be a presenile form of Lafora disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ; the other with myoclonus, epilepsy, EEG abnormalities and LBs in muscle and in skin tissue, without dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    […] discharges (PLEDS). [37] In hypokalemia, diffuse slow activity can be seen together with paroxysmal delta/theta activity, as well as focal paroxysms of sharp waves and spike-waves[neurologyindia.com] The neurological disease complex associated with virus infection occurs in a large proportion of infected patients and is commonly referred to as HIV-1 associated dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Infection of the nervous system by HIV-1 commonly causes a broad range of cognitive, behavioral, and motor abnormalities called, in its most severe form, HIV-1-associated dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    EEG revealing repetitive paroxysmal generalized bursts of sharp waves and intervals of slow wave activity. Fig. 3.[healio.com] Onset of dementia before 65 years of age is termed as young-onset dementia (YOD).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] discussed herein is important because he was diagnosed as Balint's syndrome by means of clinical and neuroradiological findings before the onset of known symptomatology as dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epilepsy

    […] background, diffusemultifocal sharp waves and sharp waves-slow waves; paroxysmal fast activity Neurological examination mild diffuse hypotonia, mild ataxia with wide based[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Among the symptomatic cohort, stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI) were the two most common causes of epilepsy, followed by cerebral tumour, dementia, hippocampal sclerosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The priority conditions included are: depression, psychosis, bipolar disorders, epilepsy, developmental and behavioural disorders in children and adolescents, dementia, alcohol[who.int]

  • Encephalitis

    Symptoms that might require emergency treatment include loss of consciousness, seizures, muscle weakness, or sudden severe dementia.[web.archive.org] Symptoms of encephalitis that might require emergency treatment include loss of consciousness, seizures, muscle weakness, or sudden severe dementia.[ninds.nih.gov] Dementia is not something that happens only to older people. Learn about causes and treatment options.[web.archive.org]

  • Encephalopathy

    […] and paroxysmal bursts of sharp and slow waves, these drugs increase epileptiform activity in known epileptic patients, clozapine increase bilateral spike waves discharges[slideshare.net] It is also associated with the development of dementia.[alz.org] […] symptoms may include myoclonus (involuntary twitching of a muscle or group of muscles), nystagmus (rapid, involuntary eye movement), tremor, muscle atrophy and weakness, dementia[ninds.nih.gov]

  • Toxic Encephalopathy

    […] discharges (PLEDS). [37] In hypokalemia, diffuse slow activity can be seen together with paroxysmal delta/theta activity, as well as focal paroxysms of sharp waves and spike-waves[neurologyindia.com] , and alcoholic dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is argued that our patients suffered from a brain disorder different from presenile dementia of the Pick-Alzheimer type.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rolandic Epilepsy

    The disorder is common in older people because of other neurological conditions such as stroke or dementia.[health.howstuffworks.com]

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