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74 Possible Causes for Dementia, Prominent Sulci

  • Alcohol Dementia

    The CT showed prominent sulci and gyri with deep white matter changes. There were no other abnormalities.[gponline.com] All about dementia types of dementia risk factors for dementia causes of dementia symptoms of dementia diagnosis of dementia dementia treatments long term dementia care alcohol-related[neurology.health-cares.net] Since dementia is not necessarily a unifactorial disease, alcoholism may contribute to as much as 25% of all cases of dementia.[symptoma.com]

  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    Imaging wise feature of cerebral cortical atrophy Generalized prominence of hemisphere cortical sulci on CT or MRI in mild cases.[neuroradiologycases.com] The findings suggested that chronic abusers of approximately 60 years of age or less may have a normal EEG despite the presence of cerebral cortical atrophy or dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Characteristic features include prominent cerebral sulci (i.e. cortical atrophy) and v entriculomegaly (i.e. central atrophy) without bulging of the third ventricular recesses[radiopaedia.org]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    NPH is suggested when ventricular dilation is out of proportion to the prominence of the sulci, but this is a subjective call.[docneuro.com] DISCUSSION: In the present sample, persons with clinical and imaging signs of iNPH had excess mortality and an increased risk of dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Normal pressure hydrocephalus, a reversible cause of dementia, and frontotemporal dementia, an irreversible process, may present with or complicate psychiatric illness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] periventricular topographic distribution, whereas McKee et al 8 noted that the initial pathological changes were perivascular and at the base of the sulci and in the later[doi.org] These syndromes range from frontotemporal dementia to behavioral or cognitive syndromes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Autophagy; Autophagy-related genes; Disease-associated genes; Frontotemporal dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pick Disease of The Brain

    Characteristic features include prominent cerebral sulci (i.e. cortical atrophy) and v entriculomegaly (i.e. central atrophy) without bulging of the third ventricular recesses[radiopaedia.org] […] group of neurodegenerative diseases with symptoms involving frontal and temporal lobe dysfunctions; Pick’s disease is more recently referred to as a form of frontotemporal dementia[startstemcells.com] This disease is one of many types of dementias known as frontotemporal dementia (FTD).[healthline.com]

  • Marchiafava Bignami Disease

    Findings CT shows mild prominence of the ventricles and sulci consistent with mild generalized cerebral volume loss.[neuroradiologyonthenet.blogspot.com] The Cerebral Metabolic Rate of Glucose (CMRGlu) was measured with positron emission tomography and 18F-FDG in a patient with Marchiafava-Bignami Disease (MBD)-related dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Our report would indicate that CMH is an important factor indicating the severity of dementia in patients with MBD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    B, Corresponding FLAIR image shows marked prominence of ventricles and sulci for the patient’s age.[ajnr.org] We report a case of rapidly evolving neurological disease in a patient with neuropathological lesions of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Lewy body dementia (LBD), chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Rapidly progressive dementias (RPDs) are dementias that progress quickly, typically over the course of weeks to months, but sometimes up to two to three years.[memory.ucsf.edu]

  • Neurosyphilis

    Holland et al reported the CT scan findings in 3 patients with meningovascular syphilis. [2] Less prominence of the cortical sulci in our first case suggested cortical atrophy[ijdvl.com] Neurosyphilis should not be overlooked as an etiology for progressive dementia even in this post-antibiotic era.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Also, there was a marked diffuse cortical atrophy, more accentuated fronto-temporo-insular, with the enlargement of the sulci, of the anterior interemispheric fissure and[tmj.ro]

  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

    The image from day 258 shows prominence of cerebellar sulci (red arrow) and increased size of fourth ventricle.[doi.org] A 53-year-old man was admitted for sub-acute progressive dementia and Gerstmann syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical manifestations include dementia; ataxia; visual disturbances; and other focal neurologic deficits, generally progressing to a vegetative state within 6 months.[icd10data.com]

  • Meningovascular Syphilis

    Holland et al reported the CT scan findings in 3 patients with meningovascular syphilis. [2] Less prominence of the cortical sulci in our first case suggested cortical atrophy[ijdvl.com] The dementia is of a frontal type with prominent apathy, elation, attentional deficits and memory impairment.[alzheimer-europe.org] It is a chronic dementia which ultimately results in death in as little as 2-3 years.[psychology.wikia.com]

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