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22 Possible Causes for Dementia in a Subset of Patients

  • Ataxia-Oculomotor Apraxia Syndrome

    You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser . Format Definition An autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by early-onset cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, early areflexia and late peripheral neuropathy. Acronym AOA[…][]

  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency

    There is a small subset of dementias that are reversible with vitamin B12 therapy and this treatment is inexpensive and safe.[] Vitamin B12 therapy does not improve cognition in patients without pre-existing deficiency.[]

  • Insomnia

    BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between primary insomnia and dementia using a Taiwanese population-based database.[] METHODS: This case-control study involved a subset of Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database of reimbursement claims.[] We included 51,734 patients who were diagnosed with primary insomnia from 2002 to 2004 as the test group and 258,715 nonprimary insomnia participants aged 20 years or older[]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    In a subset of patients with early-onset Alzheimer's, however, symptoms occur before age 65.[] We included all patients in whom Alzheimer's disease was diagnosed before December 31, 2011; a subset of those in whom Alzheimer's disease was not diagnosed served as controls[] Worldwide, approximately 44 million people are living with Alzheimer's or other dementias. In the U.S., an estimated 5.5 million are afflicted.[]

  • Dementia

    All patients with dementia showed frontal cortical hypometabolism relative to controls, but subsets among them differed with in right parietal perfusion.[] As we have noted, the patients with dementia differed from elderly and young adult controls in both indices.[]

  • Multi-Infarct Dementia

    […] for 192 patients of a university-based dementia diagnostic clinic.[] Only a subset of features usually ascribed to multi-infarct dementia actually distinguished that diagnosis from the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.[] Abstract Clinical and neuroimaging features that best discriminated a multi-infarct dementia diagnosis from a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease were retrospectively reviewed[]

  • Binswanger Disease

    […] other types of dementia.[] He discovered that some of the information in the original reports was incorrect and that at least some of the patients studied in these cases probably had neurosyphilis or[] Even with these errors, Olszewski concluded that Binswanger disease did exist as a subset of cerebral arteriosclerosis. [17] Yet again, in 1974 the term multi-infarct dementia[]

  • Angiocentric Glioma

    Neurologic symptoms include focal neural deficits or dementia in a subset of patients.[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Another research advance was made in 2011 when scientists found that a defect in the C9orf72 gene is not only present in a significant subset of ALS patients but also in some[] […] with sporadic ALS and in a subset of patients with frontotemporal dementia. [35, 36] TDP-43 is an RNA-processing protein that is normally localized predominantly in the nucleus[] […] patients who suffer from a type of frontotemporal dementia (FTD).[]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    […] of neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, multiple system atrophy, and Hallervorden-Spatz disease, which are referred to as[] Finally, patients with Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome, an autosomal recessive, progressive neurodegenerative disorder, have mutations in a novel pantothenate kinase gene ( PANK2[] Down syndrome, Hallervorden-Spatz disease, and lipofuscinosis [1]. alpha-Synuclein is one of the major components of intracellular fibrillary aggregates in the brains of a subset[]

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