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343 Possible Causes for Dental Caries, Hypokalemia

  • Sjögren Syndrome

    Prevention of dental caries in SS patients is important.[web.archive.org] She also had chronic hypokalemia and nephrolithiasis. Based on clinical presentation and work up, she was diagnosed with pSS and treated accordingly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bone density test showed severe osteoporosis, and laboratory findings suggested hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, and vitamin D deficiency, which supported the diagnosis of hypophosphatemic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Purging-Type Bulimia Nervosa

    caries Electrolyte abnormalities Gastrointestinal irritation, bleeding, or reflux Parotid abnormalities Secondary renal failure Based on information from references 35-38[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Hypokalemia represents a potential medical emergency, and serum electrolyte levels should be measured as part of the initial evaluation in all new patients.[aafp.org] Patients with chronic emesis and use of cathartics present with classic metabolic disturbance: hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[acphospitalist.org]

  • Asthma

    Patients taking asthma medication may be at risk of dental caries, dental erosion, periodontal diseases and oral candidiasis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other complications to consider include theophylline toxicity, lactic acidosis, electrolyte disturbances (hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hypomagnesemia), myopathy and ultimately[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Jaakkola, Asthma and Caries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, American Journal of Epidemiology, 174, 6, (631), (2011) ., Asthma and oral health: a review, British Dental[doi.org]

  • Diarrhea

    M Foley and HF Akers, Does poverty cause dental caries?, Australian Dental Journal, 64, 1, (96-102), (2018).[doi.org] The diarrhea resulted in hypokalemia and sodium depletion that made her dependent on twice weekly intravenous fluid and electrolyte infusions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypokalemia can occur when patients have severe or chronic diarrhea or if the stool contains excess mucus. Hypomagnesemia after prolonged diarrhea can cause tetany.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Chronic renal tubular acidosis causes enamel defects, dental caries, oral candidiasis, angular cheilitis, etc.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had multiple dental caries, and for several months had ingested 9.6–14.4 g/day of ibuprofen (about 50 tablets per day).[mja.com.au]

  • Gardner Syndrome

    Dental abnormalities – as well as osteomas in the jaw there may be other dental abnormalities such as unerupted extra teeth and caries Multifocal pigmented lesions of the[dermnetnz.org] The authors present the case of a 39-year-old woman with Gardner syndrome who died from marked hyponatremia and hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After her death, electrolyte estimation performed on blood taken shortly before death revealed severe hyponatremia and hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    In the mouth, radiographic evidence of dental caries may be evident 8. Treatment and prognosis The treatment of anorexia is beyond the scope of this article.[radiopaedia.org] Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] muscle weakness Delirium Death Abnormal laboratory signs include low phosphate levels (hypophosphatemia), low blood sugar levels, ( hypoglycemia ), low potassium level ( hypokalemia[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Familial Hypophosphatemia

    The patient had multiple periodontal abscesses, but no evidence of dental caries, trauma, or periodontal disease on the corresponding teeth at the time of his oral examination[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia and metabolic alkalosis with hypokalemia can be seen in Gitelman's syndrome, vitamin D deficiency associated with a diseasecausing hypokalemia[sjkdt.org] Increased calcium levels in blood, can lead to significant side effects Treating disorders of teeth would help decrease the development of dental caries, which if untreated[dovemed.com]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    These include sicca symptoms (dryness and irritation of eyes, dysphagia, dental caries, hoarseness of voice), musculoskeletal symptoms (fatigue, arthralgia), nephrocalcinosis[mjdrdypu.org] The South East Asian cases are associated with more severe hypokalemia.[en.wikipedia.org] However, under certain conditions, PPIs may cause metabolic acidosis or hypokalemia, probably due to an inhibitory action on the proton pump that contributes to H( ) and K[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Celiac Disease

    The prevalence of dental caries in children with celiac disease varies.[jcda.ca] This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH   7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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