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343 Possible Causes for Dental Caries, Hypokalemia

  • Sjögren Syndrome

    Prevention of dental caries in SS patients is important.[] She also had chronic hypokalemia and nephrolithiasis. Based on clinical presentation and work up, she was diagnosed with pSS and treated accordingly.[] Bone density test showed severe osteoporosis, and laboratory findings suggested hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, and vitamin D deficiency, which supported the diagnosis of hypophosphatemic[]

  • Purging-Type Bulimia Nervosa

    caries Electrolyte abnormalities Gastrointestinal irritation, bleeding, or reflux Parotid abnormalities Secondary renal failure Based on information from references 35-38[] Hypokalemia represents a potential medical emergency, and serum electrolyte levels should be measured as part of the initial evaluation in all new patients.[] Patients with chronic emesis and use of cathartics present with classic metabolic disturbance: hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[]

  • Asthma

    Patients taking asthma medication may be at risk of dental caries, dental erosion, periodontal diseases and oral candidiasis.[] Other complications to consider include theophylline toxicity, lactic acidosis, electrolyte disturbances (hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hypomagnesemia), myopathy and ultimately[] Jaakkola, Asthma and Caries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, American Journal of Epidemiology, 174, 6, (631), (2011) ., Asthma and oral health: a review, British Dental[]

  • Diarrhea

    M Foley and HF Akers, Does poverty cause dental caries?, Australian Dental Journal, 64, 1, (96-102), (2018).[] The diarrhea resulted in hypokalemia and sodium depletion that made her dependent on twice weekly intravenous fluid and electrolyte infusions.[] Hypokalemia can occur when patients have severe or chronic diarrhea or if the stool contains excess mucus. Hypomagnesemia after prolonged diarrhea can cause tetany.[]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Chronic renal tubular acidosis causes enamel defects, dental caries, oral candidiasis, angular cheilitis, etc.[] Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[] She had multiple dental caries, and for several months had ingested 9.6–14.4 g/day of ibuprofen (about 50 tablets per day).[]

  • Gardner Syndrome

    Dental abnormalities – as well as osteomas in the jaw there may be other dental abnormalities such as unerupted extra teeth and caries Multifocal pigmented lesions of the[] The authors present the case of a 39-year-old woman with Gardner syndrome who died from marked hyponatremia and hypokalemia.[] After her death, electrolyte estimation performed on blood taken shortly before death revealed severe hyponatremia and hypokalemia.[]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    In the mouth, radiographic evidence of dental caries may be evident 8. Treatment and prognosis The treatment of anorexia is beyond the scope of this article.[] Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[] […] muscle weakness Delirium Death Abnormal laboratory signs include low phosphate levels (hypophosphatemia), low blood sugar levels, ( hypoglycemia ), low potassium level ( hypokalemia[]

  • Familial Hypophosphatemia

    The patient had multiple periodontal abscesses, but no evidence of dental caries, trauma, or periodontal disease on the corresponding teeth at the time of his oral examination[] Although hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia and metabolic alkalosis with hypokalemia can be seen in Gitelman's syndrome, vitamin D deficiency associated with a diseasecausing hypokalemia[] Increased calcium levels in blood, can lead to significant side effects Treating disorders of teeth would help decrease the development of dental caries, which if untreated[]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    These include sicca symptoms (dryness and irritation of eyes, dysphagia, dental caries, hoarseness of voice), musculoskeletal symptoms (fatigue, arthralgia), nephrocalcinosis[] The South East Asian cases are associated with more severe hypokalemia.[] However, under certain conditions, PPIs may cause metabolic acidosis or hypokalemia, probably due to an inhibitory action on the proton pump that contributes to H( ) and K[]

  • Celiac Disease

    The prevalence of dental caries in children with celiac disease varies.[] This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[] The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH   7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia.[]

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