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125 Possible Causes for Dependent Rubor, Discoloration of the Lower Extremity

  • Lower Extremity Arteriosclerosis

    A nonhealing wound of the right great toe with dependent rubor (purplish/reddish discoloration of toes on dependent position), which is seen in critical limb ischemia. 3.[] Ulcers of the feet and legs Black discoloration of the toes or skin (gangrene) Claudication is the most common symptom of lower extremity arterial occlusive disease.[] It is often nocturnal, aggravated by elevation and relieved by dependency. Dependent rubor is characteristic. Category 5 patients present with ischemic ulcers.[]

  • Peripheral Vascular Disease

    rubor.[] extremities back to the heart due to damaged venous valves.[] When below heart level, the foot may appear dusky red (called dependent rubor).[]

  • Erythromelalgia

    Abstract Leo Buerger, MD, was the first to describe dependent rubor associated with marked atherosclerosis.[] […] of the lower extremities ( Figure 3 ).[] Historically, dependent rubor has been described as erythromelalgia (or erythromelia), and terms such as chronic rubor, reactionary rubor, induced rubor, and hyperemic response[]

  • Arteriosclerosis

    Arteriosclerosis Blood vessel-plaque and cholesterol Specialty Pathology Causes Smoking, High blood pressure [1] Diagnostic method Blood test, EKG [1] Treatment Treatment of underlying condition [2] Arteriosclerosis is the thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of arteries. [3] This process[…][]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

    Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma) is a chronic lymphoproliferative disorder of indolent type that can manifest in life-threatening complications. The onset of WM is not specific for a typical clinical picture. In fact, in many patients, it is discovered through routine blood tests. Commonly[…][]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Chilblain

    Chilblains — also known as perniones (sing. pernio), chill burns and perniosis — is a medical condition that occurs when a predisposed individual is exposed to cold and humidity, causing tissue damage. It is often confused with frostbite and trench foot. Damage to capillary beds in the skin causes redness, itching,[…][]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Frostbite

    Frostbite occurs when exposure to low temperatures causes freezing of the skin or other tissues. The initial symptom is typically numbness. This may be followed by clumsiness with a white or bluish color to the skin. Swelling or blistering may occur following treatment. The hands, feet, and face are most commonly[…][]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Embolism of Arteries of the Extremities

    Dependent rubor, C.[] This is a prolonged condition in which one or more veins don’t adequately return blood from the lower extremities back to the heart due to damaged venous valves.[] rubor) Patients with confirmed diagnosis of PAD are at increased risk for subclavian artery stenosis. 43 – 45 An inter-arm blood pressure difference of 15 to 20 mm Hg is[]

  • Immersion Foot

    Immersion foot (commonly called "trench foot") was originally described in the military literature during World War I. Since that time, the emergency department (ED) has become a common setting where this injury presents. However, this topic is neglected in the emergency medicine literature. The purpose of this case[…][]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Thrombosis

    Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[] […] of the lower extremity Blanched appearance of the leg because of edema (relatively rare) Potential complications of DVT include the following: As many as 40% of patients[] Autopsy studies suggest that even when the source is clinically inapparent, it lies undetected within the deep venous system of the lower extremity and pelvis in 90% of cases[]

    Missing: Dependent Rubor

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