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201 Possible Causes for Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hypernatremia

  • Dehydration

    Currently, a history of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an exclusion criterion for genetic testing for MODY.[] We present the case of a full-term newborn who was fed solely breast milk and developed severe dehydration and hypernatremia.[] A few studies have investigated the use of end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) as an acidosis parameter in cases of gastroenteritis and diabetic ketoacidosis.[]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Metabolic and toxic causes - eg, diabetic ketoacidosis , hyperosmolar coma . Hypercalcaemia . Hyperuricaemia .[] Hypernatremia is a less common complication of acute kidney injury, but may develop during the diuretic phase of recovering acute tubular necrosis (ATN) or in the setting[] Water intake can be further restricted for hyponatremia or increased for hypernatremia.[]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    […] or diabetic ketoacidosis.[] KEYWORDS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus; abdominal pain; amylase activity; diabetic ketoacidosis; hypertriglyceridemia; pancreatitis[] ketoacidosis Ectopic pregnancy Gastric outlet obstruction Gastric volvulus Intestinal obstructions Mesenteric ischemia Nephrolithiasis Pancreatic cancer Perforated duodenal[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Home » Random Stuff » Differences between Hyperosmolar Non-Ketotic Hyperglycaemic Coma and Diabetic Ketoacidosis Random Stuff 3,293 Views The differences between diabetic[] […] prevent recurrence complications of treatment – most common is hypoglycemia following insulin administration ("insulin shock") excessive administration of fluid can lead to hypernatremia[] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[]

  • Fluctuating Level of Consciousness

    […] as occurs in shock ); or has an alteration in the brain's chemistry . [3] Metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus and uremia can alter consciousness. [12] Hypo- or hypernatremia[] […] toxicity Supportive care and sedation for agitated withdrawal states Intravenous fluids for dehydration, hypovolemia, hypotension or hyperosmolar states such as HHNS or hypernatremia[]

  • Bicarbonate

    Abstract In the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), the aggressive management of hyperglycemia, avoidance of hypoglycemia, and anticipation of the diabetic systemic[] We should keep in mind that acute hypernatremia and CPM can be associated with intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy, and that CPM due to acute hypernatremia may be effectively[] Low bicarbonate levels may be seen with chronic diarrhoea, diabetic ketoacidosis and kidney failure.[]

  • Hypernatremia

    […] mellitus presented with diabetic ketoacidosis.[] There are several common causes of hypernatremia (see Principal Causes of Hypernatremia ).[] Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Hyponatremia Condition Diagnosis Treatment Pseudohyponatremia Hyperglycemia (e.g., in diabetic ketoacidosis) Elevated glucose levels[]

  • Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Coma

    Abstract Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma are two of the most common acute complications of diabetes.[] In other words, hyperglycemic patients without hypernatremia are asymptomatic.[] […] of diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma.[]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    It is often seen in diabetic ketoacidosis , where potassium is excessively lost in the urine.[] KEYWORDS: Hyperkalemia; Hypernatremia; Myotonic Dystrophy[] Here, we present a case of a heart donor with severe electrolyte imbalance, specifically severe hypokalemia, and severe hypernatremia.[]

  • Cerebral Edema

    ketoacidosis.[] The investigators hypothesize that induced, sustained hypernatremia following traumatic brain injury will decrease the rate of cerebral edema formation and improve patient[] Recently published guidelines for cerebral trauma recommend the use of hypertonic saline to achieve hypernatremia for the management of increased intracranial pressure and[]

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