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259 Possible Causes for Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hypernatremia

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  • Dehydration

    Currently, a history of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an exclusion criterion for genetic testing for MODY.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present the case of a full-term newborn who was fed solely breast milk and developed severe dehydration and hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A few studies have investigated the use of end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) as an acidosis parameter in cases of gastroenteritis and diabetic ketoacidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Metabolic and toxic causes - eg, diabetic ketoacidosis , hyperosmolar coma . Hypercalcaemia . Hyperuricaemia .[patient.info] Hypernatremia is a less common complication of acute kidney injury, but may develop during the diuretic phase of recovering acute tubular necrosis (ATN) or in the setting[renalandurologynews.com] ., hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypermagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypernatremia, metabolic acidosis) is important.[aafp.org]

  • Hyperaldosteronism

    This case report describes a 44-yr-old man with a 4-month history of anorexia, polyuria, polydipsia and weight loss of 25 kg who presented with diabetic ketoacidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pressure natriuresis (other mechanisms may be responsible, although how these operate remains unclear) compensatory diuresis “escape” from edema and formation and frank hypernatremia[amboss.com] Clinical features Diabetes secondary to PA, tends to be milder.[diapedia.org]

  • Hypernatremia

    […] mellitus presented with diabetic ketoacidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypernatremia is primarily caused due to significant decrease in total body water. Due to this reason, hypernatremia often corresponds with dehydration.[symptoma.com] Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Hyponatremia Condition Diagnosis Treatment Pseudohyponatremia Hyperglycemia (e.g., in diabetic ketoacidosis) Elevated glucose levels[aafp.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Home » Random Stuff » Differences between Hyperosmolar Non-Ketotic Hyperglycaemic Coma and Diabetic Ketoacidosis Random Stuff 2,876 Views The differences between diabetic[howmed.net] […] with type 2 diabetes , higher mortality than DKA Clinical Presentation – extreme hyperglycemia ( 500 mg/dl) also hyperosmolality ( 350 mOsm/L), elevated BUN , sometimes hypernatremia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    […] or diabetic ketoacidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A young obese man with ketoacidosis-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus, associated with severe hypertriglyceridemia, was admitted to a local hospital complaining of abdominal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with HTG-AP had higher incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis at admission (7.5% vs. 2.5%; P .004).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bicarbonate

    In the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), the aggressive management of hyperglycemia, avoidance of hypoglycemia, and anticipation of the diabetic systemic complications[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We should keep in mind that acute hypernatremia and CPM can be associated with intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy, and that CPM due to acute hypernatremia may be effectively[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Low bicarbonate levels may be seen with chronic diarrhoea, diabetic ketoacidosis and kidney failure.[labtestsonline.org.au]

  • Hypertonic Solution

    This happens when patients develop diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperosmolar hyperglycemia.[registerednursern.com] […] is more than 145 mEq/L Hypovolemia with hypernatremia leaves the blood in a hypertonic state Hypervolemia with hypernatremia leaves the blood in a mostly isotonic state Specific[nrsng.com] Don't give hypertonic solutions to a patient with any condition that causes cellular dehydration, such as diabetic ketoacidosis.[nursingcenter.com]

  • Fluctuating Level of Consciousness

    […] as occurs in shock ); or has an alteration in the brain's chemistry . [3] Metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus and uremia can alter consciousness. [12] Hypo- or hypernatremia[en.wikipedia.org] […] toxicity Supportive care and sedation for agitated withdrawal states Intravenous fluids for dehydration, hypovolemia, hypotension or hyperosmolar states such as HHNS or hypernatremia[cdemcurriculum.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the most common and harmful complications of type 1 diabetes in children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PubMed Google Scholar Adrogue HJ, Madias NE: Hypernatremia. N Engl J Med 2000, 342: 1493-1499.[ccforum.biomedcentral.com] The goal is to establish and maintain a baseline state of hyper-osmolality (300 to 320 mOsms/L) and hypernatremia (150 to 155 mEq/L), which may reduce cellular swelling and[ccforum.biomedcentral.com]

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