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945 Possible Causes for Diarrhea, Kidney Failure, Petechiae

  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

    Diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is characterized by acute kidney injury with microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia with a diarrhea prodrome[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In some cases, hemolytic uremic syndrome causes acute kidney failure, signs of which include: edema, which is swelling of the legs, feet, or ankles, and possibly the hands[pritzkerlaw.com] […] gastrointestinal illness abdominal pain bloody diarrhea nausea vomiting fatigue (anemia) oliguria/anuria (renal failure) Physical exam pallor (anemia) jaundice (hemolysis) petechiae[step2.medbullets.com]

  • Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

    Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome is a triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute renal failure not associated with diarrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare disease characterized by thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and acute kidney failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On examination, he was pale with multiple petechiae on his arms and legs. Blood pressure was 175/90.[web.era-edta.org]

  • Typhus

    Typical gastrointestinal manifestations in patients with scrub typhus include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, hematemesis, melena, and diarrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] failure Differential Rocky mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease Treatment Medical management antibiotic therapy indicated in all types of typhus disease doxycycline tetracycline[step2.medbullets.com] Murine typhus in children exhibits several different characteristics, with abdominal pain, diarrhea, and sore throat reported more commonly, higher frequency of anemia, lower[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome

    A 7-month-old Korean boy presented with recurrent bloody diarrhea, eczema, and persistent thrombocytopenia with small platelets.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Somatic mosaicism was demonstrated on leukocytes cryopreserved in the first patient when he was 22 years old, 11 years before his death from kidney failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thrasher; used with consent given by parents History & Exam Key Factors FHx of WAS easy bruising and petechiae Other Factors serious bleeding recurrent infections serious[online.epocrates.com]

  • Microscopic Polyangiitis

    Individuals with gastrointestinal (GI) disease exhibit nausea, emesis, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and bloody stools.[symptoma.com] This study describes the incidence and outcomes of European patients requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) for kidney failure due to antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients usually present purpura and petechiae, livedo, and erythema especially on the hands and fingers. 3 Only one case of cutaneous involvement without visceral diseases[woundsresearch.com]

  • Epidemic Typhus

    Other symptoms may include nausea, diarrhea, and constipation. If untreated, the infection can lead to gangrene and necrosis (death of body tissue).[iamat.org] In severe cases, complications of illness may include kidney failure and brain inflammation (encephalitis). How soon after exposure do symptoms appear?[vdh.virginia.gov] […] myalgia nausea vomiting Physical exam hypotension fever photophobia early rash light rose color and blanches under pressure late rash dull red that does not fade scattered petechiae[step2.medbullets.com]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    A 23-year-old man presented with delirium, high pyrexia, diarrhea, and weight loss of 18 kg over 2 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Organ failure, such as liver, pancreas, or kidney failure Other less common causes, such as snake bite venom, toxic drug reaction, blood transfusion reaction, organ transplant[labtestsonline.org] Two weeks later, he was transferred to the West China Hospital with nasal hemorrhage for 1 week, hematochezia, hematuria, and petechiae for 5 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tyrosinemia Type 1

    Clinical considerations: May be asymptomatic in neonate Fever, diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy, and irritability Enlarged liver, jaundice b.[archildrens.org] The disease can cause severe liver damage, kidney failure and neurological manifestations.[mendelikabs.com] Tyrosinemia type I can lead to liver and kidney failure, softening and weakening of the bones, problems affecting the nervous system, and an increased risk of liver cancer[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Meningitis

    […] as much power to cause wide-ranging impact among the population as pneumonia, diarrhea, and measles.[jhsph.edu] You are also at higher risk if you have a weakened immune system, have had your spleen removed , are on corticosteroids because of kidney failure or have a sickle cell disease[my.clevelandclinic.org] […] infants) Muscle, leg or joint pain Neck retraction with arching of the back (infants) Pale or blotchy skin Rash or spots that don’t fade with pressure (also called purpure or petechiae[meningitis.com.au]

  • Weil's Disease

    Leptospirosis may occur in two phases: After the first phase (with fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, vomiting, or diarrhea) the patient may recover for a time but become[cdc.gov] Sometimes the fever may fluctuate and other symptoms such as a rash, jaundice, confusion, depression, kidney failure, liver failure and meningitis may occur.[hellandback.ie] Rash O looks like a heart for bradycardia Weil's disease mnemonic "WEILS" Wet due to hemorrhage E is to remind me of epistaxis and other hemorrhagic manifestations like petechiae[medicowesome.com]

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