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99 Possible Causes for Diastolic Murmur, Thickening of the Mitral Valve Leaflets

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    Diastolic murmurs that may coexist with the MS murmur are: Early diastolic murmur of coexisting aortic regurgitation (AR), which may be conducted to the apex Graham Steell[] Mitral stenosis is characterized by thickening and immobility of the mitral valve leaflets.[] Diastolic murmurs that may coexist with the MS murmur are MS may cause signs of cor pulmonale (see Cor Pulmonale ).[]

  • Lutembacher Syndrome

    A loud mid diastolic murmur from the left sternal border to the apex without presystolic accentuation was heard.[] Note the thickened, narrowed, and calcified mitral valve apparatus and doming of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve.[] A loud first heart sound (S1) accompanied by an early-to-mid diastolic murmur is a typical sign of mitral stenosis, whereas splitting of the second heart sound (S2) and presence[]

  • Congenital Mitral Stenosis

    murmurs, occurring together or individually, heard loudest at the apex; and (3) electrocardiographic and roentgenologic evidence of enlargement of left atrium or left and[] Definition (CSP) rheumatic disease causing diffuse thickening of the mitral valve leaflets by fibrous tissue or calcific deposits.[] Cardiac auscultation: murmur • low-pitched diastolic rumble that is most prominent at the apex. • Although the intensity of the diastolic murmur does not correlate with the[]

  • Mitral Valve Disease

    A mid-late diastolic murmur, best heard, with the patient in the left lateral position, with the bell of the stethoscope (see separate Heart Auscultation article).[] At surgery, nodular thickening of both valves and fusion of the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve were seen.[] […] by weakening and ballooning Etiology Rheumatic heart disease–thickening, rigidity, retraction of mitral valve leaflets; ASHD, HTN, left ventricular enlargement, connective[]

  • Tricuspid Stenosis

    A mild diastolic murmur can be heard during auscultation caused by the blood flow through the stenotic valve.[] The most common etiology is rheumatic fever, and tricuspid valve involvement occurs universally with mitral and aortic valve involvement.[] Clinical examination classically reveals an elevated jugular venous pressure with a dominant a-wave and slow y-descent, and a mid-diastolic murmur that is heard on praecordial[]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    The murmur is described as a mid-diastolic murmur heard at the mitral listening post with the bell of the stethoscope with the patient in the left lateral decubitus position[] Echocardiography evaluation showed thickened aortic and mitral valve leaflets with mild to moderate degree of mitral regurgitation.[] At this visit her cardiac exam was notable for a late diastolic murmur heard best at the apex in the left lateral decubitus position with no radiation.[]

  • Aortic Valve Disorder

    […] systolic murmur (crescendo-decrescendo) early diastolic murmur Additional features soft S 2 Austin Flint murmur Investigations A thorough history and clinical examination[] The inflammed leaflets thicken, fuse at the edges and calcify. The resulting mitral stenosis causes pressure in the left atrium to increase.[] valve as vegetations, and thickening or fusion of the leaflets, leading to a severely compromised buttonhole valve.[]

  • Heart Valve Disease

    Murmurs which occur when the heart contracts (squeezes) are called systolic murmurs and those that occur when the heart relaxes are called diastolic murmurs.[] This results in generalized inflammation in the heart, this manifests in the mitral valve as vegetations, and thickening or fusion of the leaflets, leading to a severely compromised[] The associated murmur is a high-pitched, early diastolic decrescendo murmur. TR This does not produce symptoms but severe cases feature fatigue, anorexia, and bloating.[]

  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    ; and DM, diastolic murmur.[] leaflets and in the mitral subvalvular apparatus, causing thickening, retraction, and stiffening of valves and resulting in incomplete leaflet coaptation and valve regurgitation[] An Austin Flint murmur is a mid-diastolic to late-diastolic rumble, which is best heard at the apex.[]

  • Infective Endocarditis

    […] border ; seen in IV drug users ; and concomitant HIV infection ;, immunosuppressed patients, ; and patients with central venous catheters Aortic valve regurgitation early diastolic[] […] history of endocarditis history of illegal drug use mitral valve prolapse and valve regurgitation (leaking) and/or thickened valve leaflets The risk of infective endocarditis[] Cardiovascular examination revealed a loud pan-systolic murmur along with an early diastolic murmur.[]

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