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324 Possible Causes for Difficulty Raising Arms, Focal Epileptiform Discharges

  • Stroke

    Arm weakness. One arm will feel weak or numb. When asked to raise both arms, one of the person’s arms will drift downward. Speech difficulty.[] Ictal The presence of focal, rhythmic epileptiform discharges is the most characteristic feature of the scalp EEG in patients with focal seizures, showing spatial correlation[] Arm weakness Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one drift downward? Speech difficulty Is speech slurred or hard to understand?[]

  • Epilepsy

    The cellular neurophysiologic correlate of an interictal focal epileptiform discharge in single cortical neurons is the paroxysmal depolarization shift (PDS).[] (EEG) hallmark of focal-onset seizures is the focal interictal epileptiform spike or sharp wave.[] For a review, see the epilepsy book of Rho, Sankar, and Cavazos. [5] For a more recent review, see Kramer and Cash. [6] Pathophysiology of focal seizures The electroencephalographic[]

    Missing: Difficulty Raising Arms
  • Neonatal Seizures

    Drugs. 2016 Apr;76(6):647-61. doi: 10.1007/s40265-016-0554-7. Author information 1 Pharmacodelivery group, School of Pharmacy, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. 2 Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. 3 Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research, University[…][]

    Missing: Difficulty Raising Arms
  • Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury

    Ictal In the presence of focal seizures, focal rhythmic epileptiform discharges are seen, showing spatial correlation with the area of brain injury from which focal seizures[] […] tumors increases the possibility of detection of epileptiform discharges) 16.[] Epileptiform discharges can coexist with focal slow activity produced by brain tumors, especially slow growth (the least destruction of the brain parenchyma with slow growth[]

    Missing: Difficulty Raising Arms
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica

    raising arms above one's head (0.19 (0.10-0.28)) were all associated with increased functional impairment.[] […] that worsens after resting – for example, symptoms may be most severe when getting up in the morning fatigue (or tiredness) difficulty sleeping difficulty raising arms above[] The majority of newly diagnosed PMR patients reported no or minimal functional difficulty.[]

    Missing: Focal Epileptiform Discharges
  • Hyperventilation

    Children (with HIHARS) who presented with clinical features suggestive of GTCS or focal motor seizures (with or without blank spells) and/or had epileptiform discharges on[]

    Missing: Difficulty Raising Arms
  • Goiter

    Symptoms of goiter include: Swelling of the thyroid gland in the front of the neck A feeling of tightness in the throat Hoarseness Dizziness when arms are raised above the[] […] are raised above the head Other, less common symptoms include: Difficulty breathing (shortness of breath) Coughing Wheezing (due to squeezing of the windpipe) Difficulty[] […] head Difficulty swallowing or breathing Coughing or wheezing Additional symptoms may occur if an individual also has hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or hypothyroidism[]

    Missing: Focal Epileptiform Discharges
  • Muscle Strain

    For example, in a full rotator cuff tear, it is often impossible to raise the arm over the head.[] Depending on the degree of the tear (i.e. partial/minor versus full), there will be varying levels of difficulty in moving the muscle.[]

    Missing: Focal Epileptiform Discharges
  • Neuropathy

    , and difficulty raising the arms above the shoulders.[] Symptoms of proximal limb weakness include difficulty climbing up and down stairs, difficulty getting up from a seated or supine position, falls due to the knees giving way[]

    Missing: Focal Epileptiform Discharges
  • Muscular Dystrophy

    ; Shoulder blades that “wing” out; Difficulty raising arm above shoulder height; Foot drop (foot dorsiflexion weakness); Weak lower abdominal muscles, “pregnant” belly; Loss[] The person has difficulty raising the arms because of shoulder and arm muscle weakness. Weakness of the lower legs is possible as the disorder gets worse.[] The first symptom may be difficulty in raising the arms.[]

    Missing: Focal Epileptiform Discharges

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