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827 Possible Causes for Diffuse Encephalopathy

  • Meningitis

    Rheumatoid meningitis presenting with a stroke-like attack (RMSA) is a rare manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). When the patients arrive within the time-window for recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) infusion therapy, no diagnostic protocol has been established. A 55-year-old woman was brought[…][]

  • Dialysis Dementia

    […] di·al·y·sis en·ceph·a·lop·a·thy syn·drome a progressive, often fatal, diffuse encephalopathy occurring in a few patients on chronic hemodialysis; to be differentiated from[] The characterisitc MRI finding is diffuse attenuation in the cerebral white matter, and may include the brainstem and cerebellum.[] encephalopathy occurring in patients on chronic hemodialysis.[]

  • Heavy Metal Poisoning

    24-h urine: 50 µg/L urine, or 100 µg/g creatinine BAL (acute, symptomatic) Succimer DMPS (Europe) Bismuth Renal failure; acute tubular necrosis Diffuse myoclonic encephalopathy[] Arsenic Nausea, vomiting, "rice-water" diarrhea, encephalopathy, MODS, LoQTS, painful neuropathy Diabetes, hypopigmentation/ hyperkeratosis, cancer: lung, bladder, skin, encephalopathy[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Its highest levels were observed in subjects with a clinically symptomatic alcohol-related encephalopathy.[] Our results suggest that scyllo-inositol is produced within the central nervous system and shows a diffuse but heterogenous distribution in brain where it can persist several[] The cohort was composed of individuals with acute, subacute or chronic encephalopathy or without any clinical encephalopathy.[]

  • Plasmodium Vivax

    Cerebral malaria (CM) is a diffuse encephalopathy associated with coma and seizures commonly caused by Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) in children with severe malaria[]

  • Neonatal Adrenoleukodystrophy

    It is characterized by seizures at birth, a diffuse encephalopathy , impaired vision and hearing, peripheral neuropathy , facial dimorphism, growth impairment and a severely[] It is characterized by hypotonia, seizures, diffuse encephalopathy, sensorineural hearing loss, peripheral neuropathy, mild facial dysmorphism (hypertelorism and a flat midface[] It is characterized by hypotonia, seizures , diffuse encephalopathy , sensorineural hearing loss , peripheral neuropathy , mild facial dysmorphism (hypertelorism and a flat[]

  • Acute Lymphadenopathic Toxoplasmosis

    encephalopathy, meningoencephalitis, or cerebral mass lesions predominated.[] […] in patients with neoplasia, collagen-vascular disorders, and organ allografts, the clinical manifestations were highly variable but neurologic syndromes consistent with diffuse[]

  • Mumps

    Acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion is the most common type of acute encephalopathy.[] However, this is the first case of mumps-related acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion.[] […] with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion.[]

  • Cefepime

    On Day 40, an EEG confirmed the existence of moderate diffuse encephalopathy. Finally, the patient died as a consequence of severe heart failure.[] The EEG of the remaining patients showed diffuse slowing.[] In the patients with diffuse slowing, the discontinuation of cefepime had no impact on the EEG.[]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Visual impairment associated with Charles Bonnet syndrome is rarely reported in childhood. We describe a child who presented with visual hallucinations and postinfectious bilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis. The patient had undergone acyclovir therapy for 3 weeks because of herpes encephalitis. Four days after[…][]

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