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652 Possible Causes for Diffuse Encephalopathy

  • Meningitis

    Diffuse oedema and white matter pallor with demyelination are found pathologically. The pathogenesis is uncertain, but is presumed to be immune mediated.[doi.org] A rare complication of TBM is tuberculous encephalopathy. 32 Usually occurring in a young child with progressive primary TB, the presentation is of reducing conscious level[doi.org]

  • Dementia

    Case 2 additionally showed NFT predominance in the superficial layers of the cortex, hypothalamus and brainstem, diffuse Lewy bodies in the cortex, amygdala and brainstem,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The neuropathologic diagnoses were atypical Alzheimer disease (AD) with features of chronic traumatic encephalopathy and white matter loss (Case 1), and atypical AD, dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dialysis Dementia

    […] di·al·y·sis en·ceph·a·lop·a·thy syn·drome a progressive, often fatal, diffuse encephalopathy occurring in a few patients on chronic hemodialysis; to be differentiated from[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The characterisitc MRI finding is diffuse attenuation in the cerebral white matter, and may include the brainstem and cerebellum.[emedicine.medscape.com] encephalopathy occurring in patients on chronic hemodialysis.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Heavy Metal Poisoning

    24-h urine: 50 µg/L urine, or 100 µg/g creatinine BAL (acute, symptomatic) Succimer DMPS (Europe) Bismuth Renal failure; acute tubular necrosis Diffuse myoclonic encephalopathy[emedicine.medscape.com] Arsenic Nausea, vomiting, "rice-water" diarrhea, encephalopathy, MODS, LoQTS, painful neuropathy Diabetes, hypopigmentation/ hyperkeratosis, cancer: lung, bladder, skin, encephalopathy[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Its highest levels were observed in subjects with a clinically symptomatic alcohol-related encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Our results suggest that scyllo-inositol is produced within the central nervous system and shows a diffuse but heterogenous distribution in brain where it can persist several[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The cohort was composed of individuals with acute, subacute or chronic encephalopathy or without any clinical encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lead Poisoning

    Encephalopathies. Frontal lobe syndromes . Depression . Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder .[patient.info] Encephalopathy - more common in children, characterised by seizures, mania, delirium and coma, death. Jaundice (due to hepatitis). Lethargy (due to haemolytic anaemia).[patient.info] Diagnosis may be difficult in the UK where lead poisoning is a relative rarity but the condition should be on the list in patients presenting with diffuse abdominal pain.[patient.info]

  • Liver Failure

    From Wikidata Jump to navigation Jump to search No description defined reduced liver function hepatic insufficiency edit Language Label Description Also known as English liver failure No description defined reduced liver function hepatic insufficiency Statements instance of disease 0 references clinical sign 0[…][wikidata.org]

  • Septicemia

    J Clin Immunol. 2014 Jan;34(1):39-41. doi: 10.1007/s10875-013-9961-7. Epub 2013 Nov 12. Author information 1 Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine/All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL, USA, [email protected] Abstract A 16-year old boy with chronic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Sepsis

    RATIONALE: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disease characterized by an excessive systemic inflammatory response. HLH is classified as primary or secondary, where the latter may occur in association with many infections. However, no case of HLH has been previously associated with group[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Herpes simplex encephalitis constitutes an uncommon infectious disease, leading to inflammation of the brain parenchyma, as a result of a herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-I) infection. Rarely, in neonates, the encephalitis is caused by herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-II). Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is an[…][symptoma.com]

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