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249 Possible Causes for Diffuse Hypomyelination, Frontal Focal Spikes

  • West Syndrome

    Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed diffusely reduced white matter and brainstem volumes with hypomyelination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Recent study has shown that mutations in the alpha-II-spectrin (SPTAN1) gene cause early onset intractable seizures, severe developmental delay, diffuse hypomyelination, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epilepsy

    The diagnosis of frontal lobe epilepsy (generalized tonic-clonic seizures secondary to focal impaired awareness seizures and myoclonus) was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neuroimaging studies were unremarkable and electroencephalograms showed high voltage 200-400uV, 2-2.5 Hz generalized spike-and-waves and polyspikes with alternating frontal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Transient outbreaks of spike-slow complex waves (1-2 s) were also noted in all leads.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Diffuse Hypomyelination
  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    […] childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spike -childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms Generalized epilepsies & synd.[enotes.tripod.com] , partial) seizure: Symptomatic: -temporal lobe epilepsy -frontal lobe epilepsy -parietal lobe epilepsy -occipital lobe epilepsy Idiopathic with age-related onset: -benign[enotes.tripod.com] […] seizure (focal motor or aura) Complex partial seizure (psychomotor or temporal lobe) Generalized tonic-clonic seizure (grand mal) International Classification : Localized (focal[enotes.tripod.com]

    Missing: Diffuse Hypomyelination
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Diffuse Hypomyelination
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    History Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings. Video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring of typical seizures is the criterion standard, but in the great majority of patients, a working diagnosis of probable JME is made on the basis of the clinical history, often with[…][emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Diffuse Hypomyelination
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Epilepsia. 2012 Dec;53(12):2079-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2012.03723.x. Epub 2012 Oct 25. Author information 1 Department of Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Victoria Parade, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia. udaya.seneviratne@svhm.org.au Abstract Prognosis describes the trajectory and long-term[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Diffuse Hypomyelination
  • Encephalopathy

    *Frontal dominance (FIRDA) --non specific ,diffuse encephalopathy, if focal ?[slideshare.net] *Repetitive and fairly stereotyped waveforms appearing at regular intervals, sharps/spike waves or complex discharges.[slideshare.net] frontal lobe lesion *OIRDA --occipital dominant ,seen in children as in absence seizure *TIRDA– temporal lobe epilepsy 21.[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Diffuse Hypomyelination
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Interictal and ictal EEG is characterized by focal generalized spike-wave discharge occasionally prominent in the frontal region.[1pdf.net] Focal discharges were more frequent in the frontal regions 19,25. They may be isolated spikes, sharp waves, slow waves, or spike-and-wave complexes 7,16,21.[scielo.br] In addition, the clinician may find slow sharp waves, bursts of slow waves, groups of sharp waves, groups of spikes, and a fast rhythm 25.[scielo.br]

    Missing: Diffuse Hypomyelination
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Diffuse Hypomyelination
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uremic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder in patients with renal failure. The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging findings of uremic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed MR imaging findings in 10 patients with clinically proved uremic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Diffuse Hypomyelination

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