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82 Possible Causes for Diffuse Hypomyelination, Jaundice

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    […] infections of the brain and its parts like meningitis or encephalitis Kernicterus – This condition is severe affliction of the brain of the new born with bilirubin from the jaundice[] Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffuse hypomyelination in both cerebral hemispheres; electrophysiological assessment revealed progressive sensorimotor axonal[] […] hypoplasia, patchy hypomyelination, and variable callosal hypogenesis and hydrocephalus.[]

  • Zellweger Syndrome

    ] an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism characterized by a prominent forehead, large anterior fontanelle, poor muscle tone, hepatomegaly, polycystic kidneys, jaundice[] Neuroanatomical sequelae include impaired neuronal migration, diffuse hypomyelination, and sensorineural degeneration.[] Jaundice and gastrointestinal bleeding also may occur.[]

  • Neonatal Adrenoleukodystrophy

    Hepatic dysfunction is first displayed in infants with jaundice and later in some with episodes of intracranial bleeding due to vitamin K-responsive coagulopathy.[] (CACH) Childhood Ataxia with Diffuse CNS Hypomyelination (CACH or Vanishing White Matter Disease) Craniometaphysical Dysplasia with Leukoencephalopathy Cystic Leukoencephalopathy[] Krabbe Disease) GM1 Gangliosidosis GM2 Gangliosidosis (Tay-Sachs Disease) Hereditary Adult Onset Leukodystrophy Simulating Chronic Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Herditary Diffuse[]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    Referral for urgent hospital assessment if jaundice presents in the first 24 hours of life, the baby is jaundiced and unwell, or for prolonged jaundice (see below).[] […] with Atrophy 519 Hereditary Diffuse Leukoencephalo 526 Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy 535 Cerebral Autosomal Dominant 541 Cerebral Autosomal Recessive 549 Pigmentary Orthochromatic[] […] deficits, deaf) · Viral and parasitic infections (TORCH infections) o Congenital rubella § Incidence decreased with rubella immunization § Infection before 20wk GA § SGA, jaundice[]

  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease

    She cried well soon after birth and no cyanosis or jaundice was observed at that time. The patient had nystagmus since birth and later on developed head nodding.[] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain revealed diffuse hypomyelination [Figure 1].[] A repeat brain MRI at 33 months of age confirmed the diffuse hypomyelinating pattern of the supratentorial cerebral white matter ( Figure 1B ).[]

  • West Syndrome

    If the infant gets jaundice (where the skin or eyes look yellow), has stomach pain and has more seizures than normal, take them to the hospital immediately.[] Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed diffusely reduced white matter and brainstem volumes with hypomyelination.[] Recent study has shown that mutations in the alpha-II-spectrin (SPTAN1) gene cause early onset intractable seizures, severe developmental delay, diffuse hypomyelination, and[]

  • Congenital Cataract

    […] ectopialentis, posterior lenticonus, uveitis, tumor (retinoblastoma, medullaepithelioma)), metabolic (diabetes, galactosemia, hypocalcemia, Lowe’s syndrome, congenital haemolytic jaundice[] Brain magnetic resonance imaging show the combination of a diffuse hypomyelination with superimposed periventricular white matter signal abnormalities.[] In the intermediate stage (approximately 2–10 years), the white matter is diffusely abnormal with a background of diffuse hypomyelination ( Fig 2 ), in most patients associated[]

  • Unverricht-Lundborg Syndrome

    Normal Aside from severe jaundice, Bertrand was normal at birth. For two months, he developed normally.[] Alan O'Brien, Christian R Marshall, Susan Blaser, Peter N Ray and Grace Yoon, Severe neurodegeneration, progressive cerebral volume loss and diffuse hypomyelination associated[]

  • Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cataract 5

    They include difficulty feeding, diarrhea, lethargy, hypotonia, jaundice, cataract, and hepatomegaly (enlarged liver).[] In the intermediate stage (approximately 2–10 years), the white matter is diffusely abnormal with a background of diffuse hypomyelination ( Fig 2 ), in most patients associated[] […] with bilateral cataracts may be considered in the following way: 1) well infant – rule out galactosemia and TORCHS; 2) well toddler – rule out galactokinase deficiency; 3) jaundiced[]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    […] as Reducing the level of protrombina; Gepatotoksicheskij effect with HARAKTERYSHMJ common features (pain, weakness, Adinamiya, elevated sweating) specific (hepatomegaly, jaundice[] MRI shows hypomyelination, as evident from the diffusely elevated T2 white-matter signal.[] […] to death (2nd pregnancy child is at greater risk than 1st) - Jaundice from high bilirubin - Spleen and liver may be enlarged Erythroblastosis Fetalis Diagnosis & Treatment[]

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