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122 Possible Causes for Dilated Large Intestine

  • Paralytic Ileus

    The intestine involving from the jejunum to sigmoid colon significantly dilated, and cystic emphysematous changes were confirmed in the intestinal wall and mesentery.[jstage.jst.go.jp] Non-gastrointestinal conditions to bear in mind include myocardial infarction (small bowel) and ovarian cancer (large bowel).[patient.info] At laparotomy, large quantities of free air and serosal ascites in the Douglas' pouch were revealed.[jstage.jst.go.jp]

  • Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction

    An abdominal X-ray revealed immense dilation of the large intestine with minimal dilation of the small bowel (Figure 1).[ijcasereportsandimages.com] The cecum, the large pouch that marks the beginning of the large intestines, is the area most often where the greatest dilation occurs and consequently is most at risk of[rarediseases.org]

  • Lactose Intolerance

    Dilation of the intestine caused by the osmosis induces an acceleration of small intestinal transit, which increases the degree of maldigestion.[emedicine.com] Within the large intestine, free lactose is fermented by colonic bacteria to yield short-chain fatty acids and hydrogen gas. [4] The combined increase in fecal water, intestinal[emedicine.com]

  • Hemorrhoids

    Hemorrhoids are clumps of dilated (enlarged) blood vessels in the anus and lower rectum. The rectum is the last area of the large intestine before it exits to the anus.[onhealth.com]

  • Ileus

    Non-gastrointestinal conditions to bear in mind include myocardial infarction (small bowel) and ovarian cancer (large bowel).[patient.info] Endoscopy can be used for bowel decompression, dilation of strictures or placement of self-expandable metal stents to restore the luminal flow either as a final treatment[patient.info] Management In patients with uncomplicated obstruction, management is conservative, including fluid resuscitation, electrolyte replacement, intestinal decompression and bowel[patient.info]

  • Colitis

    Sudden widening (dilation) of the large intestine within one to a few days Tears or holes (perforation) in the colon Anemia, low blood count Problems absorbing nutrients[mountsinai.org] Bowel perforation is a hole in your large intestines that allows dangerous bacteria to escape. It can lead to a dangerous infection called peritonitis.[webmd.com] In this situation the whole of the colon and the rectum (the large intestine) becomes ulcerated, inflamed and dilated (megacolon).[patient.info]

  • Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    The 1st patient, a teenager with lifelong constipation, had an additional circular muscle tunic in 2 dilated segments of his large intestine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] small intestine (with or without dilated large intestine), being actively managed in one tertiary referral centre at one time.[gut.bmj.com] dilatation (megacholedochus).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    The autopsy showed dilatation of the folds of the large intestine, which were almost completely filled with these oval-shaped gray-white masses of foreign material.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When blockage is caused by mechanical obstruction factors, it results in dilatation of large bowel above the site of obstruction.[symptoma.com] One cause of intestinal dilatation is intestinal gas (largely nitrogen) that cannot be disposed of "the old-fashioned way" via flatus.[mywhatever.com]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    […] tract Implantation of the stent into the esophagus, small intestine, or large intestine The causes of bleeding diathesis in patients with cirrhosis associated with fibrinolysis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] balloon Endoscopic ultrasound plus fine needle biopsy Polypectomy Endoscopic band ligation Transcutaneous gastrostomy Dilatation of stenosis of the upper or lower gastrointestinal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] high-risk of bleeding by the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy [ 11 ] Endoscopic mucosectomy/submucosal dissection Ampullectomy/sphincterotomy/dilatation with a large[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Infectious Colitis

    Bowel perforation is a hole in your large intestines that allows dangerous bacteria to escape. It can lead to a dangerous infection called peritonitis.[webmd.com] With toxic megacolon, your colon dilates and can’t release gas or stool. This could cause it to swell and rupture. Without emergency surgery, you could die.[webmd.com]

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