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18 Possible Causes for Diminished Heart Sounds, Distended Neck Veins, Pericardial Knock

  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[patient.info] The beginning of this anomalous movement was coincident with the pericardial knock in the phonocardiogram and its peak was coincident with the simultaneously recorded deep[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] During inspiration, the neck veins become distended (normally, they collapse).[aafp.org]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    On physical examination classical signs include neck vein distention with elevated jugular venous pressure at bedside examination, pulsus paradoxus, and diminished heart sounds[eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org] […] symptoms of right heart failure Cardiogenic shock , asystole Beck's triad for cardiac tamponade : hypotension , muffled heart sounds , distended neck veins ![amboss.com] See also constrictive pericarditis. pericardial friction rub see pericardial rub. pericardial knock an early diastolic sound caused by loss of pericardial elasticity accompanying[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    , and diminished heart sounds) Cold, clammy extremities Anxiety, restlessness Diagnosis Blood tests EKG, Chest X-ray Cardiac ECHO Treatment Oxygen IV fluids Medications to[cardiachealth.org] knock Tension pneumothorax distinguishing factors decreased or absent breath sounds hyperresonant percussion Treatment Management approach all approaches focus on removal[medbullets.com] […] symptoms of right heart failure Cardiogenic shock, asystole Beck's triad for cardiac tamponade : hypotension, muffled heart sounds, distended neck veins ![amboss.com]

  • Malignant Pericardial Effusion

    knock (60–200 msec after the second heart sound), which is caused by sudden termination of ventricular inflow by the encasing pericardium.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] veins distended JVP – elevated upto 8 cm. ( CVP – 13 cm of blood column ) Vitals : T – 99F, PR – 120 /min RR – 26 / min BP – 100/70 mm of Hg 6.[slideshare.net] Constrictive effusive pericarditis consists of a tense pericardial effusion in the presence of pericardial constriction, and both tamponade and constrictive signs and symptoms[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Acute Pericarditis

    Accordingly, patients present with fatigue, jugular vein distention, peripheral edema, and a characteristic pericardial knock on auscultation, caused by a sudden stop in ventricular[amboss.com] Signs of cardiac tamponade include distended neck veins, muffled heart sounds when listening with a stethoscope, and low blood pressure (together known as Beck's triad).[en.wikipedia.org] Beck's Triad 3 features of acute tamponade: Decline in systemic arterial pressure Elevation in systemic venous pressure (e.g. distended neck vein) A small, quiet heart During[ceufast.com]

  • Constrictive Pericarditis

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[patient.info] Pericardial Knock (Constrictive Pericarditis) The early diastolic sound of pericardial constriction occurs slightly earlier than the average third heart sound.[podbay.fm] neck veins and an elevated serum-ascites albumin gradient ([greater than or equal to]1.1 g/dL), a careful search for pathophysiologic changes that involve the heart and lungs[thefreelibrary.com]

  • Distended Neck Veins

    , and diminished heart sounds) Cold, clammy extremities Anxiety, restlessness Diagnosis Blood tests EKG, Chest X-ray Cardiac ECHO Treatment Oxygen IV fluids Medications to[cardiachealth.org] A sharp heart sound called a “pericardial knock” is heard in early diastole. Unless other problems are present, the lungs are usually clear on auscultation.[aafp.org] What Causes Distended Neck Veins?[reference.com]

  • Pericardial Calcification

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[patient.info] Physical examination revealed increased jugular venous pressure (14 cm of water), ascites along with presence of Kussmaul sign and pericardial knock.[jacpjournal.org] During inspiration, the neck veins become distended (normally, they collapse).[aafp.org]

  • Pericardial Disorder

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[patient.info] neck veins Ascites, or the accumulation of fluid in the abdomen Edema, or the accumulation of fluid in the extremities Chest pain that accompanies pericarditis may be worsened[leehealth.org] Kussmaul sign and pericardial knock are other typical physical findings.[thoracickey.com]

  • Pericardial Friction Rub

    […] volume variable Heart sounds abnormal Heart sounds different Heart sounds diminished Heart sounds exaggerated Holodiastolic murmur Increased area of cardiac dullness Irregular[icd9data.com] See also constrictive pericarditis. pericardial friction rub see pericardial rub. pericardial knock an early diastolic sound caused by loss of pericardial elasticity accompanying[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The classic findings of cardiac tamponade are: low blood pressure ; distended veins in the neck (jugular vein bulging); and muffled heart tones using a stethoscope.[medicinenet.com]