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17 Possible Causes for Diminished Heart Sounds, Pericardial Friction Rub, Pericardial Knock

  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[patient.info] A pericardial friction rub is audible at some point in about 85% of patients with acute pericarditis, may have up to three components per cardiac cycle, is high-pitched, and[accessmedicine.mhmedical.com] The beginning of this anomalous movement was coincident with the pericardial knock in the phonocardiogram and its peak was coincident with the simultaneously recorded deep[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Pericarditis

    Diagnosis is based on the recognition of two characteristic findings (pericardial chest pain, pericardial friction rub, new ECG changes or new pericardial effusion).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Accordingly, patients present with fatigue, jugular vein distention, peripheral edema, and a characteristic pericardial knock on auscultation, caused by a sudden stop in ventricular[amboss.com] The pathognomonic physical finding of acute pericarditis is the pericardial friction rub, which is usually auscultated along the lower left sternal border.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    , and diminished heart sounds) Cold, clammy extremities Anxiety, restlessness Diagnosis Blood tests EKG, Chest X-ray Cardiac ECHO Treatment Oxygen IV fluids Medications to[cardiachealth.org] At physical examination, tachycardia, decreased heart sounds, neck vein distension, peripheral oedema and pericardial friction rubs may be present.[oncologypro.esmo.org] knock Tension pneumothorax distinguishing factors decreased or absent breath sounds hyperresonant percussion Treatment Management approach all approaches focus on removal[medbullets.com]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    On physical examination classical signs include neck vein distention with elevated jugular venous pressure at bedside examination, pulsus paradoxus, and diminished heart sounds[eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org] See also constrictive pericarditis. pericardial friction rub see pericardial rub. pericardial knock an early diastolic sound caused by loss of pericardial elasticity accompanying[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] On auscultation, heart sounds were found to be diminished.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com]

  • Pericardial Calcification

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[patient.info] friction rub may be heard Look for evidence of pericardial effusion or cardiac temponade Fever may occur Test: ECG – classically shows concave (saddle-shaped) ST segment[wikilectures.eu] Physical examination revealed increased jugular venous pressure (14 cm of water), ascites along with presence of Kussmaul sign and pericardial knock.[jacpjournal.org]

  • Pericardial Friction Rub

    […] volume variable Heart sounds abnormal Heart sounds different Heart sounds diminished Heart sounds exaggerated Holodiastolic murmur Increased area of cardiac dullness Irregular[icd9data.com] In children, rheumatic fever is often the cause of pericardial friction rub. Pericardial friction rub is one of several, similar sounds.[en.wikipedia.org] See also constrictive pericarditis. pericardial friction rub see pericardial rub. pericardial knock an early diastolic sound caused by loss of pericardial elasticity accompanying[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Radiation Pericarditis

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[patient.info] Fever, pericardial friction rub and improvement with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs characterized the patients with idiopathic pericarditis.[osti.gov] This includes a pericardial knock Pericardial rub (heard best while leaning forwards) and distant heart sounds Abdomen Hepatomegaly Ascites Extremities Ankle edema Electrocardiogram[wikidoc.org]

  • Post-Infarction Pericarditis

    heart sounds, or a pericardial rub.[mededmasters.com] A pericardial friction rub may or may not be present.[link.springer.com] knock Peripheral edema Ascites Diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis EKG-non-specific ST and T wave changes Chest xray-calcification Transthoracic echo** IMPORTANT with[quizlet.com]

  • Constrictive Pericarditis

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[patient.info] At physical examination the characteristic finding is a pericardial friction rub.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pericardial Knock (Constrictive Pericarditis) The early diastolic sound of pericardial constriction occurs slightly earlier than the average third heart sound.[podbay.fm]

  • Pericardial Disorder

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[patient.info] Examination revealed scleroderma like skin changes and pericardial friction rub.[pagepress.org] Most common symptoms of acute pericarditis are: Chest pain, tightness or pressure Pericardial friction rub or murmur Excessive fluid aound heart Dull-chest pain Low-grade[leehealth.org]