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123 Possible Causes for Diminished Heart Sounds, Pleural Effusion

  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    Signs may include hypotension, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP) and diminished heart sounds (Beck's triad or acute compression triad described in 1935 with cardiac tamponade[] Pleural effusion occurs in 44–50% of patients with CP [ 4 , 20 ].[] The patients experienced dyspnea with bilateral lower-limb edema and pleural effusion, suggesting right cardiac dysfunction.[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    On physical examination classical signs include neck vein distention with elevated jugular venous pressure at bedside examination, pulsus paradoxus, and diminished heart sounds[] Pleural fluid accumulation persisted despite a tube thoracostomy for pleural effusion drainage.[] On auscultation, heart sounds were found to be diminished.[]

  • Myxedema

    Fluid accumulation may cause pleural effusions and decreased diffusing capacity.[] effusion and pericardial effusions); the heart may slow down and its ability to pump blood forward can be impaired; the gastrointestinal tract does not function well and[] Doctors may also conduct a Chest X-Ray, which can clearly display enlargement of heart or pleural effusions.[]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    , and diminished heart sounds) Cold, clammy extremities Anxiety, restlessness Diagnosis Blood tests EKG, Chest X-ray Cardiac ECHO Treatment Oxygen IV fluids Medications to[] White arrow: right atrial collapse due to pleural effusion. Black arrow: minimal pericardial effusion.[] heart sounds.[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Associated pleural effusions may also be seen.[] Some patients will also have pleural effusions detected by decreased breath sounds at the bases and dullness to percussion.[] Common abnormalities seen on the chest radiograph include cardiomegaly, interstitial edema, pleural effusion(s), and evidence of previous sternotomy (sternal wires).[]

  • Tension Pneumothorax

    You hear diminished breath sounds on the right side. His oxygen saturation is dropping. A bedside x-ray is taken and reveals the following in Figure A.[] Unexplained and rapidly progressive pleural effusions have been associated with this entity.[] Differential diagnosis Pleural effusion tends to be slower in onset and there is dullness on percussion.[]

  • Pericardiocentesis

    Diminished heart sounds 3. Increased jugular venous pressure 4. Tachycardia 5. Pulsus paradoxus ii.[] Chest X-ray 4  Massive Right sided pleural effusion ? Mild cardiomegaly ??[] The main differential diagnosis is pleural effusion, which appears on sonography, a fluid layer surrounding the lungs.[]

  • Pericardial Cyst

    Herein, we present a case of pericardial cyst compressing the left atrium complicated by a pericardial effusion and pleural effusion in a 62 year-old man with chest discomfort[] Atelectasis, lymphadenopathy, or pleural effusion may be an associated finding. Diaphragmatic eventration is nonparalytic weakening of the hemidiaphragm.[] […] a pleural effusion outside it.[]

  • Ventricular Aneurysm

    , and/or diminished heart sounds are revealed) might reveal crucial findings to make the initial diagnosis.[] effusions and subcutaneous edema at 27 wks.[] There was also marked aortic calcification and bilateral pleural effusions.[]

  • Pneumothorax

    Finally, among women with endometriosis-related pleural effusion (median age, 30 years; range, 25 to 42), surgical treatment was represented by evacuation of the pleural effusion[] Indications for outpatient drainage therapy were pneumothorax without circulatory or respiratory failure and pleural effusion.[] The primary problem is not the pleural effusion, but rather the fact that the lung cannot expand.[]

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