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96 Possible Causes for Diminished Heart Sounds, Pneumothorax

  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

    On physical examination, she presented diminished breath sounds and muffled heart sounds, with a systolic murmur.[] However, pleurodesis and surgery for pneumothorax generally cause adhesion.[] We report on a 33-yr-old male fighter pilot with early-onset pulmonary emphysema with bullae who developed spontaneous pneumothorax during in-flight combat training.[]

  • Pneumothorax

    Other symptoms of pneumothorax are cough, anxiety and general feeling of malaise. Hypoxia and hypotension are characteristic of tension pneumothorax.[] Pneumothorax Synonyms Collapsed lung [1] A large right-sided spontaneous pneumothorax (left in the image).[] We also assessed the cumulative incidence and the risk factors for pneumothorax. Of the 84 patients, 17 (20.2%) developed pneumothorax.[]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Tension pneumothorax in patients with COPD is a rare and often unexpected cause of acute vital threat.[] In this case, air trapping resulting from the Valsalva maneuver under inadequate pain control may be the mechanism for fatal tension pneumothorax during colonoscopy.[] We report the management of a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with a history of recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax undergoing nephrectomy under regional[]

  • Acute Pericarditis

    […] in the Hospitalized Patient Daniel R Kaul 343 Pulmonary 349 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 351 Asthma Michael P Lukela William F Bria II 361 Pleural Effusion and Pneumothorax[] […] characterised by chest pain such as acute coronary syndromes, aortic dissection, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, pneumonitis, gastric ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux disease, pneumothorax[] Gastroesophageal reflux disease Myocardial infarction Myocardial ischemia Peptic ulcer disease Pleuritis Pneumonia Less common Esophageal spasm Pulmonary embolism Tension pneumothorax[]

  • Tension Pneumothorax

    You hear diminished breath sounds on the right side. His oxygen saturation is dropping. A bedside x-ray is taken and reveals the following in Figure A.[] The clinical presentation of tension pneumothorax is very similar to that of pneumothorax, even though it is much more pronounced.[] Patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) rarely presented with radiological signs of tension pneumothorax on their presenting chest X-ray.[]

  • Pericardiocentesis

    Diminished heart sounds 3. Increased jugular venous pressure 4. Tachycardia 5. Pulsus paradoxus ii.[] These complications, if severe, may result in pneumothorax, hemothorax, arrhythmias, infections or arterial bleeding.[] The simulator has a pressurized tension pneumothorax site and a site for the surgical placement of a functional chest tube.[]

  • Pericardial Cyst

    Ellis FH, Carr DT: The problem of spontaneous pneumothorax. Med Clin North Am 1982;38:1065–1068. Google Scholar (2).[] Symptomatic pericardial cysts present with dyspnoea, chest pain, or persistent cough; uncommonly, a pericardial cyst may present with haemoptysis, fever, or pneumothorax.[] Nathanson LK, Shini SM, Wood RA, Cushieri A: Videothoracoscopic ligation of bulla and pleurectomy for spontaneous pneumothorax. Ann Thorac Surg 1991;52:316–319.[]

  • Hypovolemia

    Apr 21, '12 by Double-Helix , BSN, RN Well, I can't say that I agree that a pneumothorax and hypovolemia have the same symptoms. Pneumothorax is a collapsed lung.[] These include cardiac tamponade (muffled heart tones, distended neck veins), tension pneumothorax (deviated trachea, unilaterally decreased breath sounds), and spinal cord[] […] understanding the status of any on-going bleeding or volume loss, the need for transfusion and surgery, and explore the possibility of non-hemorrhagic causes like tension pneumothorax[]

  • Hemopericardium

    Two neonates with CDH had needle aspiration for either pneumothorax or pericardial effusion before initiation of ECMO.[] […] with sonography in trauma is still recognized as a technique approach to patients whose trauma involves the chest and the abdomen, with the aim of ruling out conditions as pneumothorax[] […] heart contusion, hemopericardium , upper airway complications, damage to the abdominal viscus - lacerations of the liver and spleen, fat emboli, pulmonary complications - pneumothorax[]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    , and diminished heart sounds) Cold, clammy extremities Anxiety, restlessness Diagnosis Blood tests EKG, Chest X-ray Cardiac ECHO Treatment Oxygen IV fluids Medications to[] , [8] and acute heart failure. [ citation needed ] In a trauma patient presenting with PEA (pulseless electrical activity) in the absence of hypovolemia and tension pneumothorax[] For instance, tension pneumothorax can mimic some of the symptoms of cardiac tamponade.[]

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