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2,078 Possible Causes for Diminished Respiratory Excursion, Localized Edema, Tracheal Injury

  • Angioedema

    A general term for a vascular reaction of the deep dermis, subcutaneous or submucosal tissues, which corresponds to localized edema 2º to vasodilation and capillary permeability[] The patient with a gun-shot wound to the jaw, the tracheal crush injury, the diabetic with Ludwig’s, and the case of severe angioedema all occur regularly in the airway nightmares[] (NICHD) Definition (MSH) Swelling involving the deep DERMIS, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues, representing localized EDEMA.[]

  • Laryngeal Edema

    As both these substances are known to cause metabolic acidosis, localized edema, erosion and sensitization of both the respiratory and alimentary tract.[] If this is present look for subtle laryngeal and tracheal injury.[] MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The effect of laryngeal edema grade on local control, disease-free, and actuarial survival rates.[]

  • Tracheal Foreign Body

    […] reaction such as edema of surrounding tissue and granulation tissue formation, producing symptoms like respiratory distress, wheeze and a mistaken diagnosis of asthma and[] These types of foreign bodies are, not surprisingly, the most common associated with tracheal or bronchial injury.[] The time since the aspiration should be established because airway edema, granulation tissue, and infection may make retrieval more difficult with delayed presentations.[]

  • Contusion

    Tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation may be necessary if there is difficulty in oxygenation or ventilation.[] Good tracheal toilet and pulmonary care is essential to minimise the incidence of pneumonia in this susceptible group.[] Management of a blunt chest injury therefore includes adequate and appropriate analgesia.[]

    Missing: Diminished Respiratory Excursion
  • Chest Trauma

    In a few cases of acute MR, pulmonary edema localized in the right upper lobe has been reported.[] Tracheal injury after blunt chest trauma is a rare but life-threatening condition. If diagnosed and treated early, the outcome is excellent.[] After blunt injury May range from: -Minor localized edema -Complete myocardial rupture Why is diagnosis of cardiac contusion difficult?[]

    Missing: Diminished Respiratory Excursion
  • Rib Fracture

    External fixation and stabilisation was common for large chest wall injuries prior to the development of tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation.[] , especially aorta) Fracture of ribs 1 or 2 Wide Mediastinum ( 8 cm) Left Pleural Effusion Tracheal deviation to right Apical cap Left main stem Bronchus decompression Rib[] […] indication for Chest CT in Trauma ) Also defines Rib Fractures as well as Lung Contusion, Pneumonia, Pneumothorax, and Hemothorax CT Angiography indications (suspected vascular injury[]

    Missing: Localized Edema
  • Hereditary Angioedema

    Increased permeability and venodilation leads to localized edema involving the deep layer of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue.[] These symptoms are thought to be caused by local cerebral edema and consequent cerebral hypoperfusion, caused by the acute HAE episode.[] Angioedema is a well-demarcated, localized, nonpitting edema that may involve the deep dermis, subcutaneous or submucosal tissue.[]

    Missing: Tracheal Injury
  • Laryngeal Obstruction

    injury, laryngeal or tracheal trauma, and various infections [1].[] […] stenosis, and tracheal stenosis.[] Discussion The usual causes of acute laryngeal obstruction are foreign bodies, anesthesia and other states of unconsciousness, intubation injury, angioneurotic edema, burn[]

    Missing: Localized Edema
  • Extrapulmonary Alveolar Hypoventilation

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Asthma Bronchiolitis Cystic fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary circulation Pulmonary emboli Alveolar-capillary membrane Acute lung injury[] Neuromuscular-blocking antibiotics Organophosphate poisoning Muscular dystrophy Thorax Massive obesity Chest trauma Pleura Pleural effusion Pneumothorax Upper airways Sleep apnea Tracheal[]

    Missing: Localized Edema
  • Hereditary Angioedema Type 3

    edema, abdominal cramping, and difficulty breathing.[] The clinical features are episodic and localized subcutaneous and submucosal edema. The latter may include the respiratory and the upper gastrointestinal tracts.[] After vaginal delivery without prophylaxis, a few patients developed mild local edema [ 63 ]. Similar observations were also reported by other authors [ 64, 65 ].[]

    Missing: Tracheal Injury