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136 Possible Causes for Diplopia, Exotropia, Ocular Muscle Palsies

  • Strabismus

    Jeffrey Cooper & Rachel Cooper (no relation). 2001-2016 About Exotropia What is Exotropia?[] KEYWORDS: Central fusion disruption; diplopia; horror fusionis; intractable diplopia; strabismus surgery[] […] the course of 6-12 months), eye muscle surgery can then be performed to eliminate the ocular misalignment and restore single vision.[]

  • Oculomotor Nerve Paralysis

    In diplopia one image is distinct (true image), and the other is indistinct (false image). Binocular diplopia disappears when one eye is closed.[] RE exotropia with diplopia 7.[] Isolated third nerve palsy from mild closed head trauma. Arch Iran Med. 2012. 15: 583-4 18. Neetens A, Van Aerde F. Extra-ocular muscle palsy from minor head trauma.[]

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    By contrast, control EOM from a patient undergoing strabismus surgery for a sensory exotropia in a nonseeing eye and a similar duration of deviation, showed normal muscle[] A46-year male presented with unilateral ptosis and diplopia.[] Its main symptoms, which the ophthalmologist may encounter, are ptosis, diplopia, variable extra-ocular muscle palsies or incomitant strabismus, and external ophthalmoplegia[]

  • Hydrocephalus

    We present a unique case of nontraumatic nasal and orbital meningoencephaloceles presenting as bilateral proptosis with exotropia secondary to chronic hydrocephalus.[] "sunsetting") Seizures Children and adults Headache followed by vomiting Nausea Papilledema (swelling of the optic disk which is part of the optic nerve) Blurred vision Diplopia[] Eye examination for diplopia and ophthalmoplegia from a stretch of the abducent or oculomotor nerve. Papilledema will be more evident in adults than children.[]

  • Machado-Joseph Disease

    The diplopia in SCA3/MJD cases is, therefore, attributed, at least in part, to the impairment of the vergence eye movements.[] Near point of convergence was normal in two out of three patients with exotropia. Gaze holding deficits were also common.[] Diplopia is a common ocular complaint.[]

  • Esotropia

    We report here an exception, in which an adult patient developed cyclic exotropia after surgical correction of her acquired cyclic esotropia.[] Diplopia onset occurred between ages 7 and 11. Four of the five children experienced resolution of diplopia with prism glasses.[] muscles, binocular movement, accommodation and refraction Paralytic strabismus : Ophthalmoparesis - Progressive external ophthalmoplegia - Palsy ( III, IV, VI ) - Kearns-Sayre[]

  • Eye Muscle Disorder

    See our detailed pages on exotropia and intermittent exotropia.[] Figure 1 General approach to diplopia.[] Exotropia is a misalignment in which the eye turns outward, away from the nose.[]

  • Exotropia

    Acquired exotropia – further classified into intermittent exotropia, acute exotropia and mechanical exotropia.[] muscles, binocular movement, accommodation and refraction Paralytic strabismus : Ophthalmoparesis - Progressive external ophthalmoplegia - Palsy ( III, IV, VI ) - Kearns-Sayre[] Other conditions can display exotropia: Duane’s syndrome 3rd nerve palsy Slipped or lost medial rectus muscle Internuclear ophthalmoplegia Orbital fibrosis Nonsurgical Effectiveness[]

  • Noncomitant Strabismus

    Research of Strabismus, Noncomitant has been linked to Strabismus, Diplopia, Toxoplasmosis, Aneurysm, Neoplasm Metastasis.[] Syn. exotropia (XOT; XT; exoT). The principal categories are constant exotropia and intermittent exotropia.[] Diseases of Muscle Ocular Palsies Presenting as Ptosis, Diplopia, and Strabismus Adams & Victor's Principles of Neurology, 10e Disorders of the Eye STEREOPSIS Harrison's Principles[]

  • Vertical Heterotropia

    She had an apparent right exotropia and hypotropia on Hirschberg and Krimsky but a hypertropia on alternate prism cover test.[] Greater diplopia with eyes to the right and up implicates the right SR or left IO, while worsening of diplopia to the right and down points to the right IR or left SO.[] The infranuclear pathway which comprises the cranial nerves and extra ocular muscles and can be affected by a variety of systemic diseases.[]

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