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2,511 Possible Causes for Diplopia, Melanin Dispersion in Iris, Transillumination of the Iris

  • Exfoliation Syndrome

    The melanin dispersion is from atrophy of the iris pigment epithelium. Actual pseudoexfoliative material may be noted on the TM.[eyewiki.aao.org] Furthermore, prominent concentric, circular iris transillumination (grade 3) was only observed in XFS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If degeneration of zonule fibers causes lens dislocation, this may lead to monocular diplopia or glaucoma.[symptoma.com]

  • Ectopia Lentis

    Those patients with simple lens ectopia as well as those with ectopic lenses and pupils had striking transillumination of the iris periphery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Unless there are complications (e.g. secondary glaucoma) or monocular diplopia the lens is left in place and management is optical. (Fig.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The association between ectopia lentis et pupillae and transillumination of the iris is well documented in the literature, but it has never been reported with skin hypopigmentation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris
  • Foreign Body in the Eye

    Current symptoms - pain, reduced vision, diplopia, flashes/floaters, FB sensation.[patient.info] Examine closely for iris tears and transillumination defects, lens opacities, AC shallowing, and asymmetrically low IOP in the involved eye.[lifeinthefastlane.com] Ask about diplopia; check visual fields. Check pupillary reflexes. Test for relative afferent pupillary defect if possible.[patient.info]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris
  • Lens Dislocation

    Unless there are complications (e.g. secondary glaucoma) or monocular diplopia the lens is left in place and management is optical. (Fig.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Ocular Examination  Iris- iridodonesis, transillumination  Appearance of the pupil  assess the adequacy of the pupillary space for a possible aphakic correction  Lens-[slideshare.net] Symptoms of these patients mainly included decrease in visual acuity (17 cases, 47.2%), blurred vision (16 cases, 44.4%), glare (1 case, 2.8%), diplopia (1 case, 2.8%), and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris
  • Arteriovenous Malformation

    Signs and symptoms of brainstem AVMs are not specific and may include diplopia, nystagmus, dizziness, ocular motor nerve palsy, gaze palsy, anisocoria, or pupillary light–near[aao.org] In our series, 6 of the 14 patients were referred specifically because of the possibility of iris or ciliary body melanoma.[doi.org] […] difficulty walking (gait disturbance) ; difficulties carrying out tasks that require planning; dizziness (vertigo); visual disturbances (visual field impairment); double vision (diplopia[neurosurgerydallas.com]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris
  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    The symptoms improved after forced diuresis, but 5.5 h later progression was observed, and the patient developed diplopia and dysphagia in addition to her initial symptoms[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gait disturbance, cognitive dysfunction (memory impairment) nausea, vomiting, visual deficits (diplopia, mydriasis), and hypothermia are symptoms encountered in more pronounced[symptoma.com] Wernicke's syndrome occurs acutely and patients present with confusion, visual impairment (diplopia) and ataxia.[patient.info]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    Such pathological findings may also have clinical implications in as much as one could possible find foci of depigmentation by transilluminating the iris of these patients[healio.com] There was no history of redness, lacrimation, diplopia, headache, vomiting, seizures, and motor weakness.[atmph.org] There was no history of loss of consciousness, headache, vomiting, diplopia or any motor deficits. On examination, his vitals were stable.[atmph.org]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris
  • Alcohol Abuse

    Adverse effects include dizziness and somnolence (which are not dose related), ataxia, impaired concentration, confusion, fatigue, paresthesias, speech difficulties, diplopia[aafp.org] None Consider interactions withother anticonvulsant drugs. 53 Dizziness, somnolence, ataxia, impaired concentration, confusion, fatigue, paresthesias, speech difficulties, diplopia[aafp.org]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Hypoglycemia

    It may also present with transient hemiplegia, hypothermia or hyperthermia, convulsions, diplopia and strabismus [ 9 ].[patient.info]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Brown Syndrome

    On slit lamp examination, iris hypopigmentation with transillumination defects was seen with normal pupillary reaction.[ojoonline.org] It often causes intermittent diplopia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , choroid, and optic nerve colobomas; congenital glaucoma; iris transillumination defects; and subconjunctival epidermoid cysts. [1] [7] Young woman with multiple and recurrent[eyewiki.aao.org]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris

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