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64 Possible Causes for Discoloration of the Lower Extremity

  • Thrombosis

    Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] of the lower extremity Blanched appearance of the leg because of edema (relatively rare) Potential complications of DVT include the following: As many as 40% of patients[emedicine.medscape.com] Autopsy studies suggest that even when the source is clinically inapparent, it lies undetected within the deep venous system of the lower extremity and pelvis in 90% of cases[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] of the lower extremity Blanched appearance of the leg because of edema (relatively rare) Potential complications of DVT include the following: As many as 40% of patients[emedicine.com]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After five days of therapeutic heparin, the patient's clinical response was inadequate due to progressive pain and discoloration of bilateral lower extremities; therefore,[ijcasereportsandimages.com] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[ebmedicine.net]

  • Venous Stasis Ulcer

    Location Venous stasis ulcer is basically located and found at the distal extremity, lower leg.[howshealth.com] The skin usually develops into a firm structure with a reddish-brown discoloration. The state is usually identified as stasis dermatitis.[howshealth.com]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an acute immunoglobulin A (IgA)–mediated vasculitis that affects small vessels. The onset of purpura, abdominal pain, and arthritis may occur in any order. It is important to remember that abdominal pain and arthritis are not universally present in patients. The timing of symptoms[…][symptoma.com]

  • Raynaud's Disease

    An examination revealed venous changes, chronic ulceration, and digit discoloration in upper and lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 65-year-old man with Raynaud disease presented with neck and upper extremity pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lower Extremity Arteriosclerosis

    Ulcers of the feet and legs Black discoloration of the toes or skin (gangrene) Pain in the calves or thighs while walking is the most common symptom of lower extremity occlusive[lifebridgehealth.org] […] extremity arterial occlusive disease include: Pain in the calves or thighs while walking Pain in the feet at rest Coolness of legs and feet Poor healing of wounds in the extremity[lifebridgehealth.org]

  • Varicose Veins

    Severe venous reflux can result in skin discoloration, severe swelling, and lower extremity wounds that do not heal well.[health.ucsd.edu] Any vein can become weakened, but the most commonly affected areas are the lower extremities.[kentucky.com] Further complications may include discoloration of the skin, visible ulcers, bleeding or weeping of the veins or infections.[kentucky.com]

  • Thrombophlebitis

    Superficial thrombophlebitis illustration Superficial thrombophlebitis - illustration Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity.[huronregional.org] Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity. The superficial veins have become inflamed and dilated, causing the discoloration.[mountsinai.org] The superficial veins have become inflamed and dilated, causing the discoloration.[huronregional.org]

  • Phlegmasia Alba Dolens

    PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[ebmedicine.net] Also, it is much less common for the skin discoloration to involve the entire lower extremity in arterial occlusion while this is often the case in PCD.[link.springer.com] Postoperatively he developed painful diffuse swelling of his left lower extremity with bluish discoloration ( Figure 58-1 ).[mhmedical.com]

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