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22 Possible Causes for Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Dysesthesia

  • Raynaud's Disease

    Dysesthesiae and regional diaphoresis may coincide with the ischemic phase, while throbbing pain often accompanies recovery.[] An examination revealed venous changes, chronic ulceration, and digit discoloration in upper and lower extremities.[] A 65-year-old man with Raynaud disease presented with neck and upper extremity pain.[]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an acute immunoglobulin A (IgA)–mediated vasculitis that affects small vessels. The onset of purpura, abdominal pain, and arthritis may occur in any order. It is important to remember that abdominal pain and arthritis are not universally present in patients. The timing of symptoms[…][]

  • Pelvic Fracture

    Signs and symptoms of a Pelvic Fracture include: Lower back, abdomen pain; may be excessive pain Noticeable abdominal discoloration due to internal bleeding Difficultly walking[] ,altered gait when walking Blood in urine Feeling of dizziness Weakness and numbness, felt in the lower extremities Bruising around the pelvic joint Inability to control stools[]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    Because of the patient’s acute onset of objective neurologic signs and concern about her unilateral dysesthesia and weakness, she received an expedited stroke workup that[] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[] After five days of therapeutic heparin, the patient's clinical response was inadequate due to progressive pain and discoloration of bilateral lower extremities; therefore,[]

  • May-Thurner Syndrome

    […] hypoesthesia), a sensation of tickling, prickling, or burning on the skin of the affected areas (paresthesia), or an abnormally unpleasant or painful sensation to a light touch (dysesthesia[] extremity swelling.”[] The patient notes increased swelling and discoloration to her entire left leg for three days, associated with aching pain.[]

  • Small-Fiber Neuropathy

    The main features were burning, painful paresthesias and dysesthesias in the feet, lancinating pains, moderate to severe distal small fiber sensory loss, absent ankle reflexes[] Symptoms are potentially numerous and can include allodynia, burning, lower thermal sensation, hyperesthesia, paresthesia, numbness in the lower extremities with potential[] Dysesthesia, allodynia, pain, burning, and coldness sensations frequently present in a length-dependent pattern.[]

  • Diabetic Mononeuropathy

    Numbness and tingling of extremities, Dysesthesia (abnormal sensation to a body part), Diarrhea, Erectile dysfunction, Urinary incontinence (loss of bladder control), Facial[] Venous insufficiency should be noted if present; it manifests as pitting edema to the lower extremities, and sometimes brawny, brown discoloration to the lower legs up to[] […] than vibration perception Most common form of diabetic neuropathy Affects distal lower extremities and hands ("stocking-glove" sensory loss) Symptoms/Signs Pain Paresthesia/dysesthesia[]

  • Nonallergic Interstitial Nephritis

    Acute onset of tingling or painful dysesthesia in distal limbs signaling mononeuritis multiplex (involving motor and sensory neuropathy) is suggestive of a vasculitic neuropathy[] Sometimes, particularly after displacement of a large aortic plaque, marked ischemia of the lower extremities yields a bluish-purplish discoloration (ie, livedo reticularis[] Sometimes, particularly after displacement of a large aortic plaque, marked ischemia of Chinese herb/aristolochic acid the lower extremities yields a bluish-purplish discoloration[]

  • Lower Extremity Arterial Aneurysm

    Differential diagnosis Collateral function of a vesselExercise-induced hyperemia- Peripheral inflammation Dysesthesia: While the highest ankle pressure is used in most studies[] Lower Extremity Venous Exam (DVT): An Ultrasound exam performed on the veins in the legs to determine the presence or absence of blood clots, known as deep vein thrombosis[] People with venous insufficiency may have long-term swelling in the calf and ankle, skin discoloration (redness), leg pain, and varicose veins (large veins that bulge on the[]

  • Calcinosis Cutis

    […] and related disorders Keratodermas Kro Dariers disease and HaileyHailey disease Daniel Hohl Theodora Mauro and leanPhilippe Gorog Mosaicism and linear lesions Pruritus and dysesthesia[] They tend to be distributed bilaterally and symmetrically, and they are most commonly located on the lower extremities, which may relate to poor circulation, as well as the[] Lesions progress over days to weeks to become severely painful plaques or nodules surrounded by a reticular purple discoloration ( Figure 6 ).[]

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