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2,834 Possible Causes for Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Gangrene, Heavy Tobacco Use

  • Thromboangiitis Obliterans

    extremities.[] Human disease Buerger's disease Presenile gangrene Presenile gangrene (disorder) Thromboangiitis obliterans (disorder) Thromboangiitis obliterans NOS (disorder) Thromboangiitis[] We describe a 56-year-old patient with progressive cognitive decline in the context of heavy tobacco use and migraine, and imaging evidence of an occlusive terminal cerebral[]

  • Thrombosis

    Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[] Examinations after death have shown that thrombosis exists for some distance around the gangrenous mass.[] […] aortic atheroscloeric plaques – small pieces of atheromatous material break off and cause small artery occlusions à strokes, acute renal failure, “blue toe syndrome,” ulcers/gangrene[]

    Missing: Heavy Tobacco Use
  • Lumbar Sympathectomy

    Two of the patients had actual gangrene of one or more toes. In 1 of these the pain was relieved and the temperature of the skin raised 10 C. (18 F.).[] The association of Buerger's disease with tobacco use, particularly cigarette smoking, cannot be overemphasised.[] OBJECTIVE: Livedo reticularis (LR) is a reticulated discoloration of the skin, particularly on lower extremities. Few treatment options are reported.[]

  • Raynaud's Disease

    […] of the toes Gangrene of the fingertips Extreme constriction of blood vessels (peripheral) Tissue hypoxia Skin, muscle, and tissue atrophy Ulceration Ischemic gangrene Raynaud[] An examination revealed venous changes, chronic ulceration, and digit discoloration in upper and lower extremities.[] These sores may progress to gangrene. In rare cases, gangrene may lead to finger amputation.[]

    Missing: Heavy Tobacco Use
  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    OBJECTIVE: Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) and venous gangrene are limb and life-threatening conditions of iliofemoral acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT).[] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[] After five days of therapeutic heparin, the patient's clinical response was inadequate due to progressive pain and discoloration of bilateral lower extremities; therefore,[]

    Missing: Heavy Tobacco Use
  • Raynaud Phenomenon

    In addition to pain and functional impairment, Raynaud phenomenon can produce tissue ischaemia resulting in digital ulceration and gangrene.[] Heavy cigarette smoking can cause symptomatic vasospasm; obtaining a careful tobacco use history is important for all patients.[] Although cold agglutinins or cryoglobulins may lead to severe acral gangrene the finding of relevant titers is rare.[]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Carotid Stenosis

    , brain) 434.1 choroidal (anterior) 433.8 communicating posterior 433.8 coronary (see also Infarct, myocardium) 410.9 extremity 444.22 hypophyseal 433.8 mesenteric (with gangrene[] […] coronary (see also Infarct, myocardium) 410.9 extremities 444.22 femoral 444.22 hepatic 444.89 hypophyseal 433.8 meningeal, anterior or posterior 433.8 mesenteric (with gangrene[]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Phlegmasia Alba Dolens

    & as early as possible to prevent further deterioration & complications like embolism, ischaemic necrosis, and gangrene.[] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[] The end stage is represented by venous gangrene and shock. Arterial pulses in the affected limb are weak or absent at this stage.[]

    Missing: Heavy Tobacco Use
  • Lower Extremity Arteriosclerosis

    Ulcers of the feet and legs Black discoloration of the toes or skin (gangrene) Claudication is the most common symptom of lower extremity arterial occlusive disease.[] Approximate Synonyms Atherosclerosis of left leg native artery with gangrene Gangrene of left lower limb due to atherosclerosis ICD-10-CM I70.262 is grouped within Diagnostic[] Ulcers of the feet and legs Black discoloration of the toes or skin (gangrene) Pain in the calves or thighs while walking is the most common symptom of lower extremity occlusive[]

    Missing: Heavy Tobacco Use
  • Venous Thrombosis

    […] of the lower extremity Blanched appearance of the leg because of edema (relatively rare) Potential complications of DVT include the following: As many as 40% of patients[] Although surgery may be required when venous gangrene of the intestine occurs, early diagnosis may allow successful conservative management with anticoagulation.[] In severe cases, phlegmasia cerulea dolens or gangrene may be observed.[]

    Missing: Heavy Tobacco Use

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