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34 Possible Causes for Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Gangrene, Pulmonary Infarction

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    PE should be distinguished from pulmonary infarction.[] OBJECTIVE: Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) and venous gangrene are limb and life-threatening conditions of iliofemoral acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT).[] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[]

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    infarction).[] The patient will present with a swollen, cyanotic, painful leg that may or may not show signs of venous gangrene.[] Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[]

  • Thrombosis

    The condition is often detected after complications such as myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and stroke.[] Examinations after death have shown that thrombosis exists for some distance around the gangrenous mass.[] Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[]

  • Raynaud's Disease

    However, pulmonary events have rarely been reported.[] […] of the toes Gangrene of the fingertips Extreme constriction of blood vessels (peripheral) Tissue hypoxia Skin, muscle, and tissue atrophy Ulceration Ischemic gangrene Raynaud[] An examination revealed venous changes, chronic ulceration, and digit discoloration in upper and lower extremities.[]

  • Phlegmasia Alba Dolens

    In the few patients of this kind whom I have seen, pulmonary infarctions have been rather common.[] Ischemia with progression to gangrene are potential consequences.[] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[]

  • Paraplegia

    The authors present a case of delayed-onset spinal cord infarction after repeated tumor excision surgeries of the thoracic spine.[] In addition, gangrene was observed in both ear helices, both index fingers, and several toes.[] A 49-year-old man had undergone a left nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma, 2 pulmonary metastasectomies, and excision of a left sixth rib metastasis before referral to the[]

  • Venous Thrombosis

    This increases the likelihood of the thrombus becoming lodged in these vessels, thus causing a potentially fatal pulmonary embolism, pulmonary infarction or chronic thromboembolic[] Although surgery may be required when venous gangrene of the intestine occurs, early diagnosis may allow successful conservative management with anticoagulation.[] […] of the lower extremity Blanched appearance of the leg because of edema (relatively rare) Potential complications of DVT include the following: As many as 40% of patients[]

  • Thromboangiitis Obliterans

    The authors report a case of TAO with multiple organ involvement, including myocardial, splenic, and cerebral infarctions; pulmonary embolisms; and probable intestinal ischemia[] Human disease Buerger's disease Presenile gangrene Presenile gangrene (disorder) Thromboangiitis obliterans (disorder) Thromboangiitis obliterans NOS (disorder) Thromboangiitis[] extremities.[]

  • Calcinosis Cutis

    Patients may develop cardiac valve or electrical conduction dysfunction, myocardial, pulmonary, or cerebrovascular infarction ( 80, 81 ), myositis, muscle weakness, and bowel[] In very rare cases, Calcinosis Cutis can cause gangrene due to blockage of blood flow.[] […] especially when there is secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism Painful violaceous lesions, most common on the trunk and extremities, which may progress to form ulcers and gangrene[]

  • Cryoglobulinemia

    […] abdominal pain, general malaise, fever, and/or bloody bowel movements; vasculitis-driven pulmonary disturbances (e.g., coughing up blood, acute respiratory failure, X-ray[] The development of gangrene after elective digital surgery is a rare complication.[] She presented with generalized purplish net-like discoloration (livedo reticularis), which was more prominent in the lower extremities.[]

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