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43 Possible Causes for Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Hypertension, Pulmonary Infarction

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    […] indicates that abnormal fibrin clot properties can predict recurrent DVT and PE and they are involved in serious complications of VTE, for example, thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension[] infarction).[] The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[]

  • Paraplegia

    These devices have been associated with acute hypertension and cardiac remodeling. Less stiffer stent grafts should be studied for young patients.[] The authors present a case of delayed-onset spinal cord infarction after repeated tumor excision surgeries of the thoracic spine.[] She presented with generalized purplish net-like discoloration (livedo reticularis), which was more prominent in the lower extremities.[]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    We report a case of a 94-year-old bedridden woman with past medical history of dementia, hypertension, pulmonary embolism, DVT, and atrial fibrillation.[] PE should be distinguished from pulmonary infarction.[] Limb ischemia results from obstruction to arterial inflow secondary to extreme levels of venous hypertension.[]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    Glucocorticoid therapy was initiated, but five days following her admission, she developed altered consciousness, seizures, arterial hypertension, and cortical blindness.[] View/Print Table TABLE 1 Complications of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Hepatosplenomegaly Myocardial infarction Pulmonary hemorrhage Pleural effusion Unnecessary abdominal surgery[] […] at onset, and hypertension during follow-up ( Table 3 ).[]

  • Venous Stasis Ulcer

    When venous hypertension exists, there is leakage of fluid, proteins and blood cells into the tissues.[] All patients responded rapidly to standard resuscitation measures and in all 3 postoperative testing for pulmonary embolus and myocardial infarction was negative.[] Location Venous stasis ulcer is basically located and found at the distal extremity, lower leg.[]

  • Thrombosis

    Burroughs, Management of portal hypertension, Budd–Chiari syndrome and portal vein thrombosis, Medicine, 39, 10, (607), (2011). Andrew K.[] The condition is often detected after complications such as myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and stroke.[] Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[]

  • Cryoglobulinemia

    Patients with SSc-CV overlapping syndrome had limited cutaneous SSc with serum anticentromere antibodies, pulmonary hypertension, clinico-serological features of HCV-related[] […] abdominal pain, general malaise, fever, and/or bloody bowel movements; vasculitis-driven pulmonary disturbances (e.g., coughing up blood, acute respiratory failure, X-ray[] She presented with generalized purplish net-like discoloration (livedo reticularis), which was more prominent in the lower extremities.[]

  • Cholesterol Embolism

    Secondary hypertension. Other causes of malignant hypertension. Vasculitides, eg polyarteritis nodosa. Cellulitis. Deep vein thrombosis.[] Aspirin and heparin have been administered concomitantly with and following infusion with Activase in the management of acute myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism.[] Case report A 55-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with a four-month history of bilateral lower extremity pain and blue discoloration of toes.[]

  • Periodontitis

    Several studies have shown that periodontal diseases are associated with hypertension (HT).[] His comorbidities were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ischemic cardiomyopathy due to myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, and dyslipidemia.[] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[]

  • Congenitally Uncorrected Transposition of the Great Arteries

    Patient had gestational hypertension detected in the third trimester, but was not on any treatment.[] A low reoperation rate has also been reported, pulmonary stenosis at the site of reconstruction being the most common cause [ 33 ].[] The pulses in the lower extremities may be reduced or absent. Some children may not have symptoms in infancy.[]

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