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15 Possible Causes for Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Pulmonary Infarction

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    infarction).[] The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[] Anemia work-up revealed a misunderstood association of a hemolytic anemia with a negative direct antiglobulin test and iron deficiency.[]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    View/Print Table TABLE 1 Complications of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Hepatosplenomegaly Myocardial infarction Pulmonary hemorrhage Pleural effusion Unnecessary abdominal surgery[] The diagnoses of HSP and iron-deficiency anemia were made, and iron was prescribed for treatment of the anemia.[] Fewer than 10 percent of patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura experience myocardial infarction, pulmonary hemorrhage, or central nervous system involvement with seizures[]

  • Uterine Fibroid

    […] with cardiogenic shock or exacerbation of underlying heart failure Pulmonary embolism Pulmonary hypertension Low systemic vascular resistance Anaphylactic shock Antihypertensive[] She had massive edema of the left lower extremity but no discoloration of either lower extremity. Marked tenderness over the left calf and medial thigh was evident.[] With an intact uterus void of fibroid proliferation, the prognosis for B.C. is good with respect to persistent iron deficiency anemia and associated symptoms.[]

  • Thrombosis

    The condition is often detected after complications such as myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and stroke.[] Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[] Cerebral venous thrombosis associated with iron deficiency anemia. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2008 ; 17 :426–428. Crossref Medline Google Scholar 50.[]

  • Disseminated Hemangiomatosis

    : lower limb edema Neurological dysfunction: altered mental status, stroke Purpura fulminans: DIC with extensive skin necrosis Waterhouse Friderichsen syndrome : adrenal infarcts[] Photo#2 and 3 show another infantile hemangioma (birthmark) in the lower lip. Discoloration which has sharp margins is clearly seen.[] […] brain, spinal cord, pancreas, spleen, or adrenals; GI hemangiomatosis can result in significant bleeding; Disseminated neonatal hemangiomatosis; High-output cardiac failure; Iron-deficiency[]

  • Sulfhemoglobinemia

    However, there have been reports of brain infarctions in adults with pulmonary AVMs with feeding arteries as small as 1.8mm.[] Lim and Lower suggest exchange transfusion as a means of managing extreme sulfhemoglobinemia [13]; this would be rare, however, because in many cases the patient can tolerate[] Nutritional Micro- : Iron deficiency anemia ( Plummer-Vinson syndrome ) Macro- : Megaloblastic anemia ( Pernicious anemia ) Hemolytic (mostly Normo- ) Hereditary enzymopathy[]

  • Hyperglobulinemic Purpura

    Mitral and tricuspid prolapse, dilatation of the aorta and pulmonary artery, arterial rupture, myocardial infarction, and emphysema may accompany this syndrome (see Chapter[] Pigmented Purpuric Lichenoid Dermatosis (Gougerot and Blum) In 1925, Gougerot and Blum reported a pigmented eruption on the lower extremity of a 41-year-old man. 30 The distinguishing[] Other iron deficiency anemias Iron deficiency anemia due to inadequate dietary iron intake D50.9 Iron deficiency anemia, unspecified D51 Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia [ edit[]

  • Venous Thrombosis

    This increases the likelihood of the thrombus becoming lodged in these vessels, thus causing a potentially fatal pulmonary embolism, pulmonary infarction or chronic thromboembolic[] […] of the lower extremity Blanched appearance of the leg because of edema (relatively rare) Potential complications of DVT include the following: As many as 40% of patients[] […] antibody syndrome, Behçet's disease, inflammatory bowel disease, lupus erythematosus Hematologic disorders: iron deficiency anemia, hemoglobinopathies, autoimmune hemolytic[]

  • Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis

    Reversed halo sign in acute pulmonary embolism and infarction. Acta Radiologica 2013; 54:505-10. 17. Tzilas V, Bouros D. Reversed halo sign in pulmonary infarction.[] Affected individuals may occasionally develop numbness and tingling and/or weakness of their lower extremities.[] Some iron deficiency anemias may thus be caused by excessive black tea drinking.[]

  • Diffuse Pulmonary Lymphangiomatosis

    There is bilateral consolidation, which can represent pulmonary infarction or precipitating pneumonia.[] […] of lesion Stabilization of bony lesions Improvement in pain scale score 3 CLVM Lung Liver Left lower extremity Pelvis/buttocks LMWH Ibuprofen Surgical debulking Sclerotherapy[] Lab investigations revealed Iron deficiency anemia, normal total and differential white blood cell counts, negative sputum acid-fast bacilli, and negative XPERT polymerase[]

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