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37 Possible Causes for Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Leg Swelling, Pulmonary Infarction

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    His left leg was hugely swelled. He had normal leg hair distribution.[] infarction).[] The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    The swelling in the leg diminished slowly, and the patient was discharged 10 days later with an oral anticoagulant therapy and elastic stockings.[] PE should be distinguished from pulmonary infarction.[] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[]

  • Thrombosis

    This condition is characterized by pooling of blood, chronic leg swelling, increased pressure, increased pigmentation or discoloration of the skin, and leg ulcers known as[] The condition is often detected after complications such as myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and stroke.[] Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[]

  • Venous Stasis Ulcer

    Venous stasis (purplish skin) ulcers are common in patients who have a history of leg swelling, varicose veins or a history of blood clots in either the superficial or deep[] All patients responded rapidly to standard resuscitation measures and in all 3 postoperative testing for pulmonary embolus and myocardial infarction was negative.[] Location Venous stasis ulcer is basically located and found at the distal extremity, lower leg.[]

  • May-Thurner Syndrome

    But providers should always rule out May-Thurner in a woman with unilateral swelling – typically in the left leg.[] ), indicating pulmonary embolism and subsequent pulmonary infarction.[] extremity swelling.”[]

  • Varicose Veins

    Thigh or calf cramps (often at night) Mild swelling of feet or ankles Itching If flow of blood through the veins becomes worse, symptoms may include: Leg swelling Leg or calf[] These were myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism but no deaths.[] Severe venous reflux can result in skin discoloration, severe swelling, and lower extremity wounds that do not heal well.[]

  • Paraplegia

    The symptoms of a DVT include tenderness, pain, swelling, warmth, or skin color changes at a spot on your leg.[] The authors present a case of delayed-onset spinal cord infarction after repeated tumor excision surgeries of the thoracic spine.[] She presented with generalized purplish net-like discoloration (livedo reticularis), which was more prominent in the lower extremities.[]

  • Phlegmasia Alba Dolens

    In this disease, swelling moves from lower to upper section of the legs.[] In the few patients of this kind whom I have seen, pulmonary infarctions have been rather common.[] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[]

  • Edema

    When this happens in the legs, blood will drain more slowly, causing legs to swell. Figuring out the cause of a patient’s swelling can be difficult.[] […] edema caused by an acute myocardial infarction.[] extremities, with brownish discoloration, discomfort but not marked pain, and sometimes skin ulcers Often associated with varicose veins Clinical evaluation Extrinsic venous[]

  • Thrombophlebitis

    A symptom of venous insufficiency is swelling and dilation of the superficial leg veins.[] Pulmonary embolism occurs when a clot travelling through the venous system lodges within the pulmonary circulatory system, causing occlusion or infarction.[] Superficial thrombophlebitis illustration Superficial thrombophlebitis - illustration Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity.[]