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39 Possible Causes for Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Myocardial Infarction, Pulmonary Infarction

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    infarction).[] infarction or stroke, but also venous thromboembolism (VTE), encompassing deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and/or pulmonary embolism (PE).[] The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    PE should be distinguished from pulmonary infarction.[] Nine patients had hypercoagulable states, four May Thurner syndrome, three a history of cancer, one postcolon resection, one acute myocardial infarction, and one postfemoral[] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[]

  • Thrombosis

    The condition is often detected after complications such as myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and stroke.[] Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[] […] of the lower extremity Blanched appearance of the leg because of edema (relatively rare) Potential complications of DVT include the following: As many as 40% of patients[]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    View/Print Table TABLE 1 Complications of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Hepatosplenomegaly Myocardial infarction Pulmonary hemorrhage Pleural effusion Unnecessary abdominal surgery[] Fewer than 10 percent of patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura experience myocardial infarction, pulmonary hemorrhage, or central nervous system involvement with seizures[] Other Clinical Manifestations Other rare systemic manifestations of Henoch-Schönlein purpura are listed in Table 1 and may include hepatosplenomegaly, myocardial infarction[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    (However, pulsus paradoxus can also occur in COPD, bronchial asthma, pulmonary embolism, right ventricular infarction, and noncardiogenic shock.)[] Relation of left ventricular free wall rupture in acute myocardial infarction to forced immobilization. Am J Cardiol. 1988 ; 61 :910–912.[] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[]

  • Periodontitis

    His comorbidities were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ischemic cardiomyopathy due to myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, and dyslipidemia.[] The magnitude and severity of chronic periodontitis associates to the size of the myocardial infarction based on levels of troponin and myoglobin, biomarkers of myocardial[] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[]

  • Paraplegia

    The authors present a case of delayed-onset spinal cord infarction after repeated tumor excision surgeries of the thoracic spine.[] Delayed deficits were considered to be caused by factors that amplified subclinical ischemic states that had occurred intraoperatively (myocardial infarction or hypotension[] She presented with generalized purplish net-like discoloration (livedo reticularis), which was more prominent in the lower extremities.[]

  • Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia

    This typical HIT can result in deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, occlusion of a limb artery, acute myocardial infarct, stroke, and a systemic reaction or skin necrosis[] At this admission, he was also found to have deep vein thrombosis of the left lower extremity, and heparin was started.[] A timely diagnosis is key to preventing unwanted complications of heparin such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism(PE), myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke[]

  • Thromboembolism

    We report a case of PTE with pulmonary infarction presenting as right flank pain that resulted from the use of varenicline (the total score of adverse drug reaction probability[] Signs/Symptoms Nonspecific; pain, tenderness, swelling, discoloration (paleness or redness) in lower extremities.[] Patients were followed from January 2004 to June 2017 for new atherothrombotic cardiovascular events (composite of myocardial infarction, stroke, and TIA) and venous thromboembolism[]

  • Embolism of Arteries of the Extremities

    infarction in 13 cases (9.48%).[] Small End-arteriolar pulmonary branches: Infarction Multiple Emboli : Pulmonary hypertension with right heart failure Thrombosis Embolism 48.[] This is a prolonged condition in which one or more veins don’t adequately return blood from the lower extremities back to the heart due to damaged venous valves.[]

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