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104 Possible Causes for Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Pain

  • Thrombosis

    Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[] Symptoms and signs of DVT occur in the leg with the blood clot , and include: Swelling Pain Redness Warmth to the touch Worsening leg pain when bending the foot Leg cramps[] […] of the lower extremity Blanched appearance of the leg because of edema (relatively rare) Potential complications of DVT include the following: As many as 40% of patients[]

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[] Background Painful swollen leg is a common clinical scenario.[] Patients with venous thrombosis may have variable discoloration of the lower extremity.[]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[] An 85-year-old woman with newly diagnosed metastatic non–small-cell lung cancer was admitted for pain control.[] After five days of therapeutic heparin, the patient's clinical response was inadequate due to progressive pain and discoloration of bilateral lower extremities; therefore,[]

  • Periodontitis

    PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[] Differences in general pain intensity between groups were analyzed using the ordinal (linear) chi-square test.[] Postoperatively he developed painful diffuse swelling of his left lower extremity with bluish discoloration (Figure 58-1).[]

  • Venous Stasis Ulcer

    Location Venous stasis ulcer is basically located and found at the distal extremity, lower leg.[] The management of pain is dependant on the diagnosis of the pain source (see Table 2).[] The extravisation of plasma and blood cells accounts for chronic lower extremity edema (CLEE) and accompanying hemosidrin deposits, which often discolor the feet, ankles and[]

  • Thrombophlebitis

    Superficial thrombophlebitis illustration Superficial thrombophlebitis - illustration Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity.[] Even at subparalyzing doses, 50-100% of patients complain of intense pain.[] Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity. The superficial veins have become inflamed and dilated, causing the discoloration.[]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    Apart from classical presentation with purpuric rashes around buttocks and lower extremities, features such as arthralgia, abdominal pain, haematuria and proteinuria as well[] Prednisolone may provide symptomatic relief of pain, but pain is usually relatively short-lived and corticosteroids could mask the onset of severe abdominal complications.[] We report the case of a 2-year-old girl with a 5-day history of abdominal pain followed by a palpable purpuric rash.[]

  • Raynaud's Disease

    An examination revealed venous changes, chronic ulceration, and digit discoloration in upper and lower extremities.[] In 1862, Raynaud noticed that a group of his patients developed painful, discoloured fingers and toes, when exposed to cooler temperatures – this is now known as Raynaud's[] Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Turkish Armed Forces Rehabilitation Center, Ankara, Turkey. Abstract Complex regional pain[]

  • Uterine Fibroid

    She had massive edema of the left lower extremity but no discoloration of either lower extremity. Marked tenderness over the left calf and medial thigh was evident.[] This drug has also been shown to reduce pelvic pain, bladder pressure, and lower back pain.[] […] with painful or difficult defecation.[]

  • Varicose Veins

    Severe venous reflux can result in skin discoloration, severe swelling, and lower extremity wounds that do not heal well.[] We present a case of a 67-year-old man with episodes of extreme pain of the right lower extremity that prevented him from walking and sleeping.[] Any vein can become weakened, but the most commonly affected areas are the lower extremities.[]

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