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5,117 Possible Causes for Down Syndrome

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

    […] clearance from the esophagus - These can cause abnormal reflux Neurodevelopmental disabilities - Children with neurodevelopmental disabilities, including cerebral palsy, Down[emedicine.com] Your child is more at risk for GERD if he or she has: Down syndrome Neuromuscular disorders such as muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy What are the symptoms of GERD?[hopkinsmedicine.org] syndrome, and other heritable syndromes associated with developmental delay, have an increased prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux Chronic LES laxity Reflux is facilitated[emedicine.com]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Abstract People with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for developing Alzheimer disease (AD) with age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The extent to which the most frequently used PET ligands can be used to detect fibrillar Aβ in patients with Down syndrome remains to be determined.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Aged individuals with Down syndrome (DS) develop Alzheimer's disease (AD) neuropathology by the age of 40 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dementia

    Down syndrome increases the likelihood of young-onset Alzheimer's. Early signs Early signs of dementia can include: Changes in short-term memory. Changes in mood.[medicalnewstoday.com] Most people with Down syndrome develop Alzheimer’s.[nia.nih.gov] This is not useful in the presence of Down's syndrome.[patient.info]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    McMahon, Congenital Heart Disease in Down Syndrome, Advances in Research on Down Syndrome, 10.5772/intechopen.71060, (2018).[doi.org] Congenital heart disease in Down's syndrome: two year prospective early screening study.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alright, so that's lower down. That's not generally seen but it is seen in individuals with, in some individuals, with Down's syndrome.[khanacademy.org]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    […] to and including rectosigmoid Ogilvie Syndrome (pseudo-obstruction) – absent or reduced bowel sounds, usually associated with other co-morbidities Large Bowel Obstruction[learningradiology.com] Ogilvie's syndrome: management and outcomes. Medicine (Baltimore) . 2018 Jul. 97(27):e11187. [Medline] . [Full Text] .[emedicine.medscape.com] […] incompetent and air flows backwards from colon to small bowel CT is imaging study of choice Differential Diagnosis Generalized ileus – air in dilated large and small bowel down[learningradiology.com]

  • Leukemia

    Down syndrome and non-Down syndrome AMkL blasts.[haematologica.org] (TAM) that is unique to Down syndrome [ 3, 4 ].[doi.org] Case Study A 6-year-old boy who has Down syndrome presents with a 2-day history of fever (temperature to 39.0 C) and a painful limp and favoring of his right leg.[doi.org]

  • Mental Retardation

    What is Down syndrome?[chw.org] Mortality rates at an early age have been found to be higher in children suffering from Down syndrome.[symptoma.com] syndrome having another child with Down syndrome?[chw.org]

  • Graves Disease

    We report a case of an adolescent boy with Down's syndrome and ESRD on hemodialysis who developed mild Graves' disease that was not amenable to radioablation, surgery, or[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    External links Down's Heart Group UK National charity related to heart conditions associated with Down's Syndrome.[ipfs.io] Pulmonary vascular obstructive disease may develop in a subset of patients—and those with Down syndrome are at the highest risk. [6] The prognosis is guarded, and morbidity[emedicine.com] Endocardial cushion defects are the most common congenital heart defect that is associated with Down's syndrome.[ipfs.io]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Down syndrome with endocardial cushion defect is a challenging diagnosis for parents as well as members of the health care team.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The commissure between the anterior and medial leaflets of the tricuspid valve is commonly absent in Down's syndrome without endocardial cushion defect (19 of 28[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Down syndrome is often associated with AVCD.[en.wikipedia.org]

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