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132 Possible Causes for Down Syndrome, Pansystolic Murmur

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    We report a case of Morgagni hernia occupying the anterior mediastinum and right hemithorax in a male infant with Down syndrome, who also had a perimembranous ventricular[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Small lesions with minimal shunting may be asymptomatic, however may have a loud harsh pansystolic murmur heard on precordial ausculation over the left sternal border 10 .[radiopaedia.org] "Congenital heart disease in infants with Down's syndrome". Southern Medical Journal . 87 (7): 724–7. doi : 10.1097/00007611-199407000-00010 . PMID 8023205 .[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Down syndrome with endocardial cushion defect is a challenging diagnosis for parents as well as members of the health care team.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The commissure between the anterior and medial leaflets of the tricuspid valve is commonly absent in Down's syndrome without endocardial cushion defect (19 of 28 specimens[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] syndrome (trisomy 21) or heterotaxy syndromes . [3] 45% of children with Down syndrome have congenital heart disease.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Eisenmenger Syndrome

    We report on the case history of a 38-year-old male patient with Down syndrome (DS), intellectual disability (ID), and ES.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On auscultation the lungs were clear and there was loud P 2 with pansystolic murmur over left sternal border.[apicareonline.com] On cardiac examination a right ventricular lift, a loud, palpable single S2, a high-pitched diastolic murmur of pulmonary insufficiency, and a pansystolic murmur of tricuspid[phaonlineuniv.org]

  • Double Outlet Right Ventricle

    Down syndrome was protective for reoperation (p 0.022). Complete AVSD associated with TOF or DORV can be repaired with good survival.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiovascular examination revealed loud P 2 and a Grade IV pansystolic murmur in the left parasternal region.[ijaweb.org] Down syndrome was present in 25 (34%). Rastelli type A, B, and C was seen in 12%, 7%, and 81% of patients, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atrioventricular Septal Defect

    The prevalence of congenital heart disease in infants with Down syndrome is 40%, compared with 0.3% in children who have normal chromosomes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Complete lesions usually present with FTT, repeated respiratory tract infections /- CHF. 3-4/6 pansystolic murmur at the lower LSE.[dontforgetthebubbles.com] , apical mid‐diastolic murmur (in large left to right shunt), pansystolic murmur (with atrioventricular valve regurgitation) • ECG - prolonged PR interval - superior frontal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thrombosis

    Recently, we perceived an increase in the incidence of thrombosis in children with Down Syndrome (DS), a chromosomal abnormality which is associated with both CHD and cancer[bloodjournal.org] Clinical examination revealed intermittent loss of closing clicks followed by a pansystolic murmur at the apex, suggestive of mitral prosthetic valve dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • OSLAM Syndrome

    With October founded as Down’s syndrome awareness month now is a good time to educate yourselves about Down’s syndrome and learn the facts (and misconceptions) about what[aboutislam.net] His pulse was 110/min, regular, blood pressure 90/70 mmHg, dependent edema, jugular venous pressure (JVP) raised, pansystolic murmur in tricuspid area and hepatomegaly.[cdt.amegroups.com] Globally, about one in 800-1,000 newborns have Down Syndrome.[thenational.ae]

  • Tonsillar Hypertrophy

    In this report, we describe airway management of symptomatic lingual tonsillar hypertrophy in a pediatric patient with Down's syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Precordium was hyperactive with tachycardia, gallop rhythm, loud pulmonary component of 2nd heart sound and a pansystolic murmur of grade 3/6 intensity, best audible at lower[ayubmed.edu.pk] During 10 case conferences and five clinics, 507 decisions were made for 63 children (43% with Down syndrome, 20% with Pierre Robin sequence).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    External links [ edit ] Down's Heart Group UK National charity related to heart conditions associated with Down's Syndrome.[en.wikipedia.org] murmur, maximal at the left lower sternal border and apex, and loud P2.[dovepress.com] External links Down's Heart Group UK National charity related to heart conditions associated with Down's Syndrome.[ipfs.io]

  • Prieto Syndrome

    […] families – each having a young child with Down syndrome – formed the Down Syndrome Information Alliance.[downsyndromeinfo.org] He had first and second heart sound, loud P 2 , pansystolic murmur at the left sternal margin, and a diastolic murmur at the second left intercostal space.[nigjcardiol.org] . , Tankimanova, Maira , Westgren, Magnus , Papadogiannakis, Nikos , Jonsson, Anna Maria and Iwarsson, Erik (2008) On the origin of trisomy 21 Down syndrome.[wrap.warwick.ac.uk]

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