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164 Possible Causes for Downbeat Nystagmus, Hydrocephalus

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Abstract Cortical biopsies of 13 patients with clinical diagnosis of congenital hydrocephalus, Arnold-Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus, and postmeningitis hydrocephalus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The Arnold-Chiari malfomation is typically associated with downbeat nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report the second case of focal dermal hypoplasia associated with myelomenigocele, Arnold-Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus and the first in a male.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pineal Gland Neoplasm

    Obstructive hydrocephalus was present in only five patients (9.4%); three of them showed clinical signs of Parinaud's syndrome.[neurology.org] […] invasive, endoscopic treatment of hydrocephalus .[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] If there is a secondary hydrocephalus which is not relieved, then progressive lethargy and death may ensue.[patient.info]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type I

    In symptomatic patients, it is associated with: spinal diseases - 50% of cases: syringomyelia hydromyelia cranial disorders - 10% of cases: obstructive hydrocephalus Links[gpnotebook.co.uk] On lateral gaze, jerk nystagmus in the direction of the gaze and downbeat nystagmus were found.[jnnp.bmj.com] Patients with atlantoaxial instability, tethered cord, associated myelomeningocele, hydrocephalus, or elevated intracranial pressure were excluded.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Stem Disorder

    In addition to spina bifida, other conditions sometimes associated with Chiari malformations include: Hydrocephalus.[webmd.com] Kids with related problems (such as syringomyelia, hydrocephalus, sleep apnea, or scoliosis) may need medical treatment for those conditions.[kidshealth.org] Ocular palsies, paralysis of gaze, cerebellar ataxia Tumor Parinaud Dorsal Midbrain Paralysis of upward gaze and accommodation, fixed pupils, retraction nystagmus Pinealoma, hydrocephalus[tchain.com]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    CONCLUSION: Occlusive hydrocephalus caused by cerebellar infarction is infrequent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Downbeat nystagmus and a right falling tendency were observed. Brain MRI showed multiple acute infarctions in the left cerebellum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Perverted head-shaking nystagmus occurred in 23 (23/37, 62%) patients and was mostly downbeat (22/23, 96%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Nystagmus

    A 9-month-old girl with hydrocephalus was examined for esotropia, which was reported to have been present since birth.[jamanetwork.com] Downbeating and rightbeating nystagmus Downbeating nystagmus means that the eyes drift upward, and "beat" or jump downward. Examples are shown above.[dizziness-and-balance.com] Hydrocephalus , commonly referred to as water on the brain , is the result of swelling in the brain, due to the accumulation of cerebral spinal fluid within the skull.[wikihow.com]

  • Pineal Gland Dysfunction

    WE HAVE BEEN INFORMED OF WHAT SIDE EFFECTS TO LOOK OUT FOR - INCLUDING HYDROCEPHALUS AND PARINAUD SYNDROME.[ourabrammayhem.weebly.com] A computed tomography (CT) scan can identify the degree of hydrocephalus (pressure that builds up within the cerebrospinal fluid) and whether the tumor is calcified.[skullbaseinstitute.com] Although most pineal cysts are small, large pineal cysts can cause a variety of symptoms such as: headaches, normal pressure hydrocephalus (increased pressure on the brain[neuro.memorialhermann.org]

  • Central Positional Vertigo

    For those patients without a mass lesion or hydrocephalus, attention should be paid to the venous circulation to rule out venous thrombosis as the cause of increased intracranial[ajnr.org] Downbeat nystagmus is the most common form of central vestibular nystagmus and results from defective vertical gaze holding that allows for a pathologic upward drift of the[aao.org] The actual pathophysiology causing the downbeating nystagmus is not well understood at this point, but it is thought that the downbeating nystagmus results from an imbalance[mhmedical.com]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type 2

    Signs and symptoms Clinical features of hydrocephalus are influenced by the patient's age, the cause of the hydrocephalus, the location of the obstruction, its duration, and[emedicine.medscape.com] Nystagmus (irregular eye movements; typically, so-called "downbeat nystagmus").[disabled-world.com] nystagmus) Central cord symptoms (eg, hand weakness, dissociated sensory loss, cape anesthesia) In infants, signs of brainstem dysfunction predominate: swallowing/feeding[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Congenital Communicating Hydrocephalus

    […] with congenital communicating hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] nystagmus Impaired convergence and divergence Excessive convergence tone Convergence-retraction nystagmus Skew deviation, often with the higher eye on the side of the lesion[rincondelapediatria.blogspot.com] When hydrocephalus doesn't occur until later in life, it is called acquired hydrocephalus. This topic focuses on hydrocephalus that is present at birth (congenital).[myhealth.alberta.ca]

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