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403 Possible Causes for Drooling, Myasthenia Gravis, Myopathy

  • Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy

    Here we describe a case of a 45-year-old woman with antibody positive myasthenia gravis since age 16, who then develops treatment-resistant weakness due to genetically proven[] Drooling caused by difficulty swallowing was also noted.[] […] some ultrastructural characteristics with distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles and hereditary inclusion body myopathy.[]

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    […] variety of symptoms, including: Breathing difficulty because of weakness of the chest wall muscles Chewing or swallowing difficulty, causing frequent gagging, choking, or drooling[] Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder.[] We review the relevant literature and discuss the hypothesis of a mitochondrial myopathy as a pathogenic mechanism in MuSK-antibody positive myasthenia gravis.[]

  • Nemaline Myopathy

    gravis, limb-girdle muscular dystrophies, and inclusion body myositis) [ 1 , 2 , 3 ].[] L-tyrosine may prevent aspiration by reducing pharyngeal secretions and drooling. Most of the patients die from respiratory and cardiac failure.[] Nemaline myopathy and amyloid myopathy can present in the same patient with monoclonal gammopathy.[]

  • Myotonia Congenita

    All cats had a protruding tongue, limited range of jaw motion and drooling with prominent neck and proximal limb musculature.[] The Biochemistry of Myasthenia Gravis and Muscular Dystrophy . London: Academic Press. pp. 331–4.[] Heterozygotes are often asymptomatic but for some mutations heterozygosity is sufficient to cause pronounced myotonia, although without weakness and myopathy.[]

  • Myotonic Dystrophy

    His clinical features and laboratory investigations demonstrated both myasthenia gravis and myotonic dystrophy type 1.[] Drooling: Many parents choose not to treat drooling due to concerns about the side effects of medication and surgery, but drooling in the socially aware older child can be[] Signs and symptoms vary from a severe form of congenital myopathy, present from birth and often fatal, to a classic form and a delayed form, which generally presents after[]

  • Muscular Atrophy

    gravis Poliomyelitis Investigations Blood tests Creatine kinase: usually normal in SMA type I; normal or slightly raised in other types.[] Botulinum toxin may be used to treat jaw spasms or drooling.[] Summarizing what is known today, mutations in AIFM1 are associated with a progressive disorder with myopathy, ataxia and neuropathy.[]

  • Myasthenic Crisis

    Thymectomy is considered the most effective treatment in patients with myasthenia gravis.[] She is diaphoretic, cyanotic, and drooling out of the corner of her mouth.[] The unusual presentation of our patient contributes to expand the clinical phenotype of PEO1 mutations and reinforces the need to consider mitochondrial myopathy as differential[]

  • Organophosphate Insecticide

    Some are used medically to reverse neuromuscular blockade (eg, neostigmine , pyridostigmine , edrophonium ) or to treat glaucoma (echothiopate), myasthenia gravis ( pyridostigmine[] Drooling, excess phlegm, bronchorrhoea, bronchospasm. Breathing difficulty. Marked muscle twitching or tremors. Muscle weakness, fatigue. Vomiting, diarrhoea, urination.[] […] inadequate oxime therapy, downregulation or desensitization of postsynaptic acetylcholine receptors, failure of postsynaptic acetylcholine release, and oxidative stress-related myopathy[]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    Constipation is a common problem as is being able to control excessive drooling (secretions), and getting proper nutrition and calories for proper weight gain.[] Seropositive myasthenia gravis was confirmed and the corresponding symptoms resolved on treatment.[] Owing to the similar clinical features of SMA and congenital myopathy, an electrodiagnostic study and muscle biopsy could create confusion in the correct diagnosis in some[]

  • Carnitine Deficiency

    I was sure she did not have myasthenia gravis, because that is a chronic disease and it would have surfaced before now.[] […] development and peripheral myopathy, nourished on a soy-based liquid diet deficient in carnitine, had gastrointestinal dysmotility manifested by postprandial vomiting, oral drooling[] Muscle carnitine deficiency usually results in a lipid storage myopathy, but more rarely, neuropathy occurs in this condition.[]

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