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11 Possible Causes for Drowning in Salt Water, Respiratory Acidosis

  • Drowning in Fresh Water

    Updated October 19, 2018 Drowning in fresh water is different from drowning in salt water. For one, more people drown in fresh water than salt water.[thoughtco.com] The victim will present with manifestation of hypoxemia, acidosis, hypoperfusion, respiratory distress, and CNS anoxia.[rescuediver.org] […] of death After the storm ( Slinkachu via the Telegraph) (a) Evidence of drowning Regardless of the composition of water/ fluid, ‘drowning’ (the ‘process of experiencing respiratory[forensicmed.co.uk]

  • Drowning in Salt Water

    Updated October 19, 2018 Drowning in fresh water is different from drowning in salt water. For one, more people drown in fresh water than salt water.[thoughtco.com] After a person survives submersion, acute respiratory distress syndrome, resulting in hypoxia, hypercapnia, and respiratory or metabolic acidosis, may also occur.[nursingcenter.com] The victim will present with manifestation of hypoxemia, acidosis, hypoperfusion, respiratory distress, and CNS anoxia.[rescuediver.org]

  • Drowning

    Drowning is one of the two leading causes of accidental death in children. Most of the cases can be attributed to fresh or salt water drowning.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients presented pre-hospital cardiac arrest (41%) and exhibited acute respiratory failure (54%), cardiovascular failure (27%), and lactic acidosis (75%) on admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] persons show no indications of these effects and there appears to be little difference between drownings in salt water and fresh water.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hyperkalemia

    Fresh water drowning is more swiftly fatal than salt water drowning because the fresh water enters the circulation from the lungs and osmotic pressure causes erythrocytes[patient.info] A – Acidosis, so, metabolic and respiratory acidosis, like I said, that can cause hyperkalemia. So, A – Acidosis. C – Cellular destruction.[nrsng.com] Meanwhile, in respiratory acidosis , the effect on serum potassium level is small through an unknown mechanism. [12] The hormone insulin increases the uptake of potassium[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hypothermia

    In salt water near drowning, surfactant washout occurs, and rapid exudation of protein-rich fluid into the alveoli and pulmonary interstitium is observed.[scuba-doc.com] In severe hypothermia CO 2 retention respiratory acidosis indicate disturbance of normal respiratory responses. Renal blood flow falls.[emed.ie] Metabolic acidosis , hyperkalaemia . Gangrene . Severe hypothermia eventually leads to cardiac failure and respiratory failure , and then death.[patient.info]

  • Pulmonary Barotrauma

    In many navies free ascent training, pulmonary barotrauma, salt water aspiration syndrome and near drowning were not uncommon accompaniments of these exercises.[cfua.org] If uncorrected, the results in hypotension, decreasing urine output, respiratory and metabolic acidosis, eventually ventricular fibrillation or standstill.[quizlet.com] […] alkalosis Hypoventilation, hyperoxia, and respiratory acidosis Gastric distention Air trapping, auto-PEEP, overdistention Psychological dependence Increased intracranial[ceu.org]

  • Stiff Skin Syndrome

    They include: Breathing in (aspiration) of the stomach contents when regurgitated, or salt water or fresh water from nearly drowning.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The hypoxemia causes metabolic acidosis from increased production of lactic acid and respiratory acidosis due to the hypercapnia.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Crack Lung

    They include: Breathing in (aspiration) of the stomach contents when regurgitated, or salt water or fresh water from nearly drowning.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The hypoxemia causes metabolic acidosis from increased production of lactic acid and respiratory acidosis due to the hypercapnia.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Alveolar Rupture

    In many navies free ascent training, pulmonary barotrauma, salt water aspiration syndrome and near drowning were not uncommon accompaniments of these exercises.[cfua.org] Investigations Blood gases: respiratory and metabolic acidosis along with hypoxia. Metabolic acidosis results from poor tissue perfusion.[patient.info]

  • Traumatic Rupture of Pulmonary Vessels

    In many navies free ascent training, pulmonary barotrauma, salt water aspiration syndrome and near drowning were not uncommon accompaniments of these exercises.[cfua.org] Acidosis and respiratory failure will ensue if emergency interventions are not initiated quickly.[medictests.com]

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