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516 Possible Causes for Dysarthria, Dysmetria, Dysphagia

  • Niemann-Pick Disease Type C

    With the exception of developmental delay/cognitive impairment, these results persisted after 48-96 months in 41 - 55% of the patients (dystonia: 55%, dysarthria: 50%, gait[] Oropharyngeal dysphagia can be particularly problematic as it can often lead to food or fluid aspiration and subsequent pneumonia.[] Major clinical features included cerebellar ataxia (76%), vertical supranuclear ophthalmoplegia (VSO, 75%), dysarthria, (63%), cognitive troubles (61%), movement disorders[]

  • Lateral Medullary Syndrome

    Half of the patients had permanent saccadic dysmetria.[] The clinical signs were severe dysphagia, fed by PEG (FOIS 1; PAS 7), sialorrhea, trismus and ataxia.[] A 39-year-old male was admitted to our hospital due to vertigo, dysarthria and numbness of the left face and the right limbs.[]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    […] report a case of 66-year-old male patient with sporadic CJD who had dizziness, gaze-evoked nystagmus (GEN), and other central eye signs (impaired smooth pursuit, saccadic dysmetria[] […] mother had a sudden onset of memory problems and rapidly deteriorating mental faculties in her late 70s, which led to difficulties ambulating, progressive non-fluent aphasia, dysphagia[] We report a case of 59-year-old Asian woman with blurred vision, dysarthria, myoclonus, and rapidly progressive dementia.[]

  • Meningitis

    A 55-year-old woman was brought by ambulance to our hospital with complaints of sudden-onset dysarthria and left arm numbness.[] The case of a 31-year-old man with chronic cephalgia localized to the left hemicranium and left dysmetria is presented.[] Initially overseen vertebral body luxation: diagnosed by dynamic fluoroscopy due to delayed dysphagia.[]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    A 28-year-old woman developed progressive spastic gait and dysarthria.[] […] manifest with: Impairment of fine hand movement due to severe intention tremor Loss of muscle tone (hypotonia) Loss of balance (gait ataxia) Inability to coordinate movement ( dysmetria[] ., adj sclerot ic. familial centrolobar sclerosis a progressive familial form of leukoencephalopathy marked by nystagmus, ataxia, tremor, parkinsonian facies , dysarthria,[]

  • Cerebellar Ataxia

    Patient 2 initially presented with an increased startle response and myoclonic jerks, and subsequently developed severe limb and gait ataxia, dysarthria, oculomotor disturbances[] A 12-year-old boy was admitted with severe ataxia, dysmetria, dysdiadokinesia, and dysarthria. He was diagnosed with acute post-infectious cerebellar ataxia (APCA).[] He also had progressive dysphagia requiring gastrostomy tube for nutrition.[]

  • Friedreich Ataxia

    We describe two sisters with early onset gait ataxia, rapid disease progression, absent or very mild dysarthria and upper limb dysmetria, retained knee jerks in one, slight[] These data advocate a holistic approach to dysphagia management in FRDA.[] Here we aimed to compare dysarthria profiles of patients with (SCA3 and SCA6 vs.[]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Type 2

    Whereas disease progression with prevailing ataxia and dysmetria was slow over the first symptomatic 6 years, 6 months prior to operation were characterized by the development[] The clinical findings in the entire group of patients were: gait disturbances (93.75%), dysarthria (43.75%), headache (43.75%), dizziness (37.50%) and dysphagia (37.50%).[] On neurological examination, he had bilateral external ophthalmoplegia, ataxic dysarthria, dysmetria and tremor in the upper extremities, and marked gait ataxia.[]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1

    […] an autosomal dominant genetic disease in which progressive central nervous system degeneration (primarily of the cerebellum) results in the appearance of gait disorders, dysarthria[] DTRs can be exaggerated, and dysmetria is common. The mean age of onset is about age 40. Some cognitive decline may occur.[] The fully developed disease included additional clinical findings such as dysarthria and dysphagia, and instrumental signs of axonal involvement of the peripheral nerves.[]

  • Dysequilibrium Syndrome

    Five patients had non-progressive cerebellar ataxia (NPCA), dysarthria and short stature.[] Meanwhile, he was also dysarthric and had dysphagia. He recovered neurologically without any residuum following appropriate treatment and there was improvement on MRI.[] Symptoms include dysarthria, apraxia, personality changes, psychosis, myoclonus, seizures and, finally, dementia.[]

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