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1,616 Possible Causes for Dysarthria, Dystonia

  • Huntington's Disease

    We report the case of a 42-year-old man with a 5-year history of gait disturbance, dysarthria and cognitive impairment and familial antecedents of dementia and movement disorders[] Chorea and dystonia are features that may be troublesome to some patients and may potentially prove unresponsive to pharmacological treatments.[] Fifteen years later he manifested with dysarthria, difficulties with swallowing and involuntary movement.[]

  • Wilson Disease

    Wilson disease (WD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, which presents as a spectrum of neurologic manifestations that includes tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, dystonia, chorea, dysarthria[] The authors diagnosed acute focal dystonia induced by clomipramine.[] The clinical manifestations of neurologic WD include variable combinations of dysarthria, dystonia, tremor, and choreoathetosis.[]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    This study describes the use of a neuroplasticity-principled speech treatment approach (LSVT( )LOUD) with children who have dysarthria secondary to cerebral palsy.[] Primary outcomes were change in dystonia and adverse effects.[] Children affected with athetoid cerebral palsy may be perceptive and intelligent; however, because of the involuntary movements and dysarthria , they are often unable to communicate[]

  • Niemann-Pick Disease Type C

    With the exception of developmental delay/cognitive impairment, these results persisted after 48-96 months in 41 - 55% of the patients (dystonia: 55%, dysarthria: 50%, gait[] NPC could masquerade as a pure neuropsychiatric disorder such as dystonia or schizophrenia.[] Major clinical features included cerebellar ataxia (76%), vertical supranuclear ophthalmoplegia (VSO, 75%), dysarthria, (63%), cognitive troubles (61%), movement disorders[]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    Examination shortly before death revealed hypomimia, dysarthria, vertical supranuclear gaze palsy and impaired postural reflexes.[] Lidocaine should be considered in pain relief of dystonia to improve quality of life.[] Voice onset time of voiceless plosives was more prolonged in both PSP and MSA compared to PD, presumably due to greater severity of dysarthria and slower articulation rate[]

  • Methylmalonic Acidemia

    This case of total body dystonia due to MMA in a 4-year-old boy had been medically refractory for 15 months.[] Consultations Consult a neurologist when seizures, choreoathetosis, dysarthria, or stroke occur.[] A 14 month-old boy presented with an acute generalized dystonia and lethargy preceded by fever, vomiting and lethargy at the age of 13 months.[]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    CLINICAL FEATURES develops over 24-72 hrs hyperthermia rigidity rhabdomyolysis RESP – decreased chest wall compliance, tachypnoea, pulmonary infection NEURO – dyskinesia, dysarthria[] We compare this case with the other documented cases of acute dystonia and NMS after initiating aripiprazole in the pediatric population.[] Body temperature 38 C, often 40 C, diaphoresis, no chills Motor symptoms comprising bradykinesia and tremor besides generalized rigidity Shuffling gait, dyspnea, dysphagia, dysarthria[]

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

    […] foot, known as focal dystonia.[] […] coordinated movements and may result in involuntary grimacing and tongue thrusting which may lead to swallowing problems, drooling and slurred speech, a condition known as dysarthria[] Sometimes the face muscles, tongue, and throat are affected, causing drooling, grimacing, and difficulty speaking or dysarthria.[]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    All patients presented mild parkinsonism or dystonia with excellent response to levodopa.[] Other clinical features include secondary motor symptoms (eg, hypomimia, dysarthria, dysphagia, sialorrhoea, micrographia, shuffling gait, festination, freezing, dystonia,[] Stuttering reduction was noted when frequency was changed to 80 Hz, but the previously observed dystonia improvement was lost.[]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    Movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, and essential tremor are central nervous system conditions.[] Expressive aphasia differs from dysarthria, which is typified by a patient's inability to properly move the muscles of the tongue and mouth to produce speech.[] Copper accumulation in the basal ganglia leads to Parkinsonian symptoms, including tremors and dystonia.[]

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