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40 Possible Causes for Dysarthria, Encephalomalacia, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] Dysarthria is more prevalent in left than in right hemisphere lesions.[doi.org] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.com] This study describes the use of a neuroplasticity-principled speech treatment approach (LSVT( )LOUD) with children who have dysarthria secondary to cerebral palsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[amboss.com]

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] coordinated movements and may result in involuntary grimacing and tongue thrusting which may lead to swallowing problems, drooling and slurred speech, a condition known as dysarthria[jmw.co.uk] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    ; and if the ischemia is still more severe or prolonged, all the gray and white matter in the ischemic zone becomes necrotic, a condition known as cerebral infarction or encephalomalacia[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com] Expressive aphasia differs from dysarthria, which is typified by a patient's inability to properly move the muscles of the tongue and mouth to produce speech.[ranker.com] Increase ROM of joints and address contractures and deformity if present. Watch for decubitus ulcers.[quizlet.com]

  • Worster-Drought Syndrome

    […] old infarct Figure 2 Figure 2: Axial DW MRI showing focus of restricted diffusion in the left posterior frontal lobe Figure 3 Figure 3: Axial FLAIR MRI showing a region of encephalomalacia[ispub.com] Symptoms include anarthria/severe dysarthria and loss of voluntary muscular functions of the face and tongue, and problems with mastication and swallowing with preservation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] limbs (predominantly contractures with one child having multiple congenital joint contractures, i.e. arythrogryposis multiplex).[doi.org]

  • Childhood-Onset Idiopathic Basal Ganglia Calcification

    Loss of brain substance and encephalomalacia of white matter result in severe cerebral atrophy.[rrnursingschool.biz] Basal ganglia calcification ; Calcification of the small brain vessels ; Decreased body weight ; Dense calcifications in the cerebellar dentate nucleus ; Dolichocephaly ; Dysarthria[mousephenotype.org] […] than 3rd percentile [ more ] 0004325 Dense calcifications in the cerebellar dentate nucleus 0002461 Dolichocephaly Long, narrow head Tall and narrow skull [ more ] 0000268 Dysarthria[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Articulation abilities were evaluated using the articulation subtest from the Fussi assessment (dysarthria scores).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ataxia, slapping foot) joint or muscle contractures neurological examination muscle spasticity increased deep tendon reflexes muscle weakness Babinski positive special tests[orthobullets.com] An 80-year-old man developed dysarthria, quadriplegia, sensory disturbance and ataxia in all limbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lacunar Infarction

    Pathologically, they are small holes of encephalomalacia and are traversed by a cob-web-like mesh of fibrous strands.[radiopaedia.org] Patients with dysarthria-clumsy hand/ataxic hemiparesis accounted for the best scores in some tests of visuoconstructive function and visual memory.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Furthermore, splints and braces can be used to support limbs and joints to prevent or treat complications such as contractures and spasticity. [8] The rehabilitation healthcare[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cerebrovascular Disorder

    The end result is a chronic infarct with focal areas of cystic encephalomalacia and some surrounding parenchymal change due to gliosis.[spinwarp.ucsd.edu] Dysarthria is more prevalent in left than in right hemisphere lesions.[doi.org] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Autosomal Dominant Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Type 6

    Thin skin Cerebral calcification Ranula Anxiety Depressivity Congenital cataract Insulin resistance Epididymal cyst Spinal dysraphism Epidermal nevus Hemimegalencephaly Encephalomalacia[mendelian.co] Lower limb pain and amyotrophy may be present, as well as various cerebellar signs, including dysarthria, nystagmus, hypometric saccades and tremor.[mendelian.co] Clinical presentation is variable and can include calf psuedohypertrophy, joint contractures, scapular winging, muscle cramping and/or facial and respiratory muscle involvement[mendelian.co]

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