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2,876 Possible Causes for Dysarthria, Microcephaly (2-3 SD), Ocular Muscle Palsies

Did you mean: Dysarthria, Microcephaly (2-3 SD, Ocular Muscle Palsies

  • Dysequilibrium Syndrome

    RESULTS: Five patients had non-progressive cerebellar ataxia (NPCA), dysarthria and short stature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Microcephaly (-3 to -4 SD below the mean) has been reported in a few affected individuals. Life span.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms include dysarthria, apraxia, personality changes, psychosis, myoclonus, seizures and, finally, dementia.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    Patients of MG usually present with bilateral ptosis, diplopia and fatigability, which may or may not coexist with generalised weakness, dysphagia and dysarthria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Its main symptoms, which the ophthalmologist may encounter, are ptosis, diplopia, variable extra-ocular muscle palsies or incomitant strabismus, and external ophthalmoplegia[eyewiki.aao.org] An 82-year-old woman developed neck weakness and dysarthria with antibodies against acetylcholine receptor (AChR) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 (LRP4[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Articulation abilities were evaluated using the articulation subtest from the Fussi assessment (dysarthria scores).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An 80-year-old man developed dysarthria, quadriplegia, sensory disturbance and ataxia in all limbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction[icd9data.com]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Lambert Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome

    Neurological examination revealed ptosis, dysarthria, neck weakness, hyporeflexia of all limbs, and autonomic failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 78-year-old man presented with dysarthria, dysphagia, staggering gait, and lower extremity muscle fatigue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paraneoplastic syndrome (PNS) with two distinct neurological features was reported in a 50-year-old man who presented initially with vertigo, ataxia, dysarthria, tremor, confusion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Blepharofacioskeletal Syndrome

    Dysarthria, sialorrhea and personality change, gait abnormalities and arm tremor account for the majority of presenting symptoms and signs.[neuroweb.us] […] at 2y)SmitheLemlieOpitzsyndrome[Porter, 2008]Short Stature (8 SD) (7 SD) Microcephaly (3 SD) (3 SD) Failure to gain weight Low birth weight Skin abnormalities Transient non-pitting[dokument.tips] […] alterations Ptosis and Midface retrusion, related diseases and genetic alterations Pain and Tachycardia, related diseases and genetic alterations Flexion contracture and Dysarthria[mendelian.co]

  • Machado-Joseph Disease

    The patient noted dysarthria at 14 years of age and unsteady gait at 30 years of age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The proband was a 33-year-old man with progressive unsteady gait, weakness of all limbs, dysphagia, dysarthria, urinary frequency and diaphoresis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Core clinical features described include ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, facial fasciculations, and lid retraction, producing a characteristic staring expression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Neuronal Intranuclear Inclusion Disease

    Female monozygotic twins developed upper and lower limb neurogenic weakness in their thirties, followed by cerebellar ataxia, dysarthria and death after an illness duration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] responsiveness with rapid onset of dyskinesia, clues to the diagnosis of NIID in patients presenting with parkinsonism include the presence of gaze-evoked nystagmus, early onset dysarthria[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We found variable degrees of ocular dysmetria in 2 cases, ataxic dysarthria and limb ataxia in 1, and hyperreflexia in 2.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    In a 48-year-old male tiredness, tinnitus, otalgia, parietal hyperaesthesia, coughing, plugged nose, hypoacusis, globus sensation, epipharyngeal pain, dysarthria, hypogeusia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neurological examination revealed a bilateral external ophthalmoplegia, dysphagia, dysarthria, mild shoulder girdle muscle weakness and gait ataxia, accompanied by absent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other clinical symptoms included limb dysesthesia and weakness, dysphagia, dysarthria, and diffuse headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    We present the case of an 61-year-old man with the history of class II obesity presenting with diplopia, dysarthria and vertigo, confirmed to be non-alcoholic WE.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] . - Ocular: pupillary changes. Extraocular muscle palsy; gaze palsy: nystagmus. Hypothalamus.[en.wikipedia.org] This 50-year-old woman, who was taking disulfiram for chronic alcohol abuse, presented with an acute confusional state, dysarthria, nystagmus, supranuclear ophthalmoplegia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Migraine

    […] middle-aged man presented with intermittent episodes of a brief sensation of explosion in the head, visual flashing, vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, confusion, ataxia, dysarthria[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In ophthalmoplegic migraine, the patient may present with a third nerve palsy, with ocular muscle paralysis, including or sparing the pupillary response, as well as ptosis[patient.info] […] with increased odds of AIS included sudden symptom onset, weakness, seizures, speech disturbance, and ataxia, and signs of face, arm, or leg weakness, inability to walk, dysarthria[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)

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