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227 Possible Causes for Dysarthria, Muscle Twitch, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[radiopaedia.org] He developed dysarthria, difficulty with his gait and dystonia in his arms at the age of 28 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They may experience involuntary muscle contractions (dystonia) of the head and neck, resulting in repetitive movements and contortions.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com] […] progression are available for ALS, but patient management is largely mediated by symptomatic therapies, such as the use of muscle relaxants for spasticity and speech therapy for dysarthria[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] twitching for 3 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com] A 28-year-old woman developed progressive spastic gait and dysarthria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., adj sclerot ic. familial centrolobar sclerosis a progressive familial form of leukoencephalopathy marked by nystagmus, ataxia, tremor, parkinsonian facies, dysarthria,[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 5

    Pyramidal signs such as hyperreflexia and spasticity are observed in advanced-stage ALS5 only.[symptoma.com] Patients then develop motor neuron degeneration leading to facial muscle spasticity, spastic dysarthria, and spastic gait.[orpha.net] The earliest symptoms include muscle twitching, cramping, stiffness, or weakness.[icdlist.com]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    No spasticity or hyperreflexia.[brainscape.com] Dysarthria and dysphagia are found in various neurological diseases.[bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com] Lower motor neuron disease causes weakness, loss of muscle ("atrophy") and muscle twitching ("fasciculations").[neurology.emory.edu]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    , tremor, spasticity, ataxia, contracture and paralysis sensory: hypoesthesia, numbness, paraesthesia, burning and shooting pain autonomic: urinary and defecatory problems[quizlet.com] Expressive aphasia differs from dysarthria, which is typified by a patient's inability to properly move the muscles of the tongue and mouth to produce speech.[ranker.com] Motor nerve damage causes muscle weakness, and symptoms may include painful cramps and muscle twitching, muscle loss, bone degeneration, and changes in the skin, hair, and[columbianeurosurgery.org]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Clinical features of sCJD include myoclonic jerks, memory deficits, cerebellar signs (ataxia, nystagmus, tremors), pyramidal/corticospinal tract dysfunctions (spasticity,[doi.org] CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of 59-year-old Asian woman with blurred vision, dysarthria, myoclonus, and rapidly progressive dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Startling may trigger muscle twitching. The muscles that control breathing and coughing are usually impaired, increasing the risk of pneumonia.[web.archive.org]

  • Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    […] a slowly progressing degenerative brain disease characterized by weakness, spasticity, hyperreflexia, and a positive Babinski sign.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Urban PP, Hopf HC, Fleischer S et al (1997) Impaired cortico-bulbar tract function in dysarthria due to hemispheric stroke.[link.springer.com] As muscles are not directly affected, there is no muscle shrinkage or fasciculations (sub-dermal muscle twitches), with this type of MND.[mndcentre.org.uk]

  • Motor Neuron Disease

    Lower motor neuron (LMN) findings include muscle atrophy and fasciculations, and upper motor neuron (UMN) findings include hyperreflexia, spasticity, muscle spasm, and abnormal[en.wikipedia.org] The severe dysarthria subsequently evolved into anterior opercular syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 69-year-old man with long-standing depression and failing memory presented with muscle twitches of 8 months' duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 1

    hyperreflexia ( ) Hoffman's ( ) Babinski's spastic dysarthria lower motor neuron (LMN) signs muscular atrophy weakness clinical fasciculations clumsiness Evaluation Diagnosis[orthobullets.com] Clinical manifestations include progressive weakness, atrophy, fasciculation, hyperreflexia, dysarthria, dysphagia, and eventual paralysis of respiratory function.[icd10data.com] Muscles twitch (called fasciculations) and waste away.[msdmanuals.com]

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